Prince of Wales

Prince of Wales
Tywysog Cymru
HRH The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales

since 26 July 1958
StyleHis Royal Highness
ResidenceClarence House
AppointerMonarch of the United Kingdom
Term lengthLife tenure or until accession as Sovereign

Prince of Wales (Welsh: Tywysog Cymru) was a title granted to princes born in Wales from the 12th century onwards; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England, whose son Edward (born in Caernarfon Castle in 1284) was invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

Since the 14th century, the title has been a dynastic title granted to the heir apparent to the English or British monarch, but the failure to be granted the title does not affect the rights to royal succession. The title is granted to the heir apparent as a personal honour or dignity, and is not heritable, merging with the Crown on accession to the throne. The title Earl of Chester is always given in conjunction with that of Prince of Wales. The Prince of Wales usually has other titles and honours.

The current and longest-serving Prince of Wales is Prince Charles, the eldest son of Elizabeth II, who is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other independent Commonwealth realms as well as Head of the 53-member Commonwealth of Nations. The wife of the Prince of Wales is entitled to the title Princess of Wales. Prince Charles's first wife, Diana, used that title but his second wife, Camilla, uses only the title Duchess of Cornwall (or of Rothesay when in Scotland[1]) because the other title has become so popularly associated with Diana.

Roles and responsibilities

The Prince of Wales is the heir apparent of the monarch of the United Kingdom. No formal public role or responsibility has been legislated by Parliament or otherwise delegated to him by law or custom, either as heir apparent or as Prince of Wales.

The current Prince now often assists the Queen in the performance of her duties, for example, representing the Queen when welcoming dignitaries to London and attending State dinners during State visits. He has also represented the Queen and the United Kingdom overseas at state and ceremonial occasions such as state funerals.[2]

The Queen also has given the Prince of Wales the authority to issue royal warrants.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Prins van Wallis
Ænglisc: Wēala Þēoden
العربية: أمراء ويلز
Bân-lâm-gú: Wales ê Thâu-lâng
беларуская: Прынц Уэльскі
български: Принц на Уелс
bosanski: Princ od Velsa
čeština: Princ z Walesu
Cymraeg: Tywysog Cymru
français: Prince de Galles
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Wales Chhîn-vòng
한국어: 웨일스 공
hrvatski: Princ od Walesa
Bahasa Indonesia: Pangeran Wales
Basa Jawa: Pangéran Wales
latviešu: Velsas princis
Bahasa Melayu: Putera Wales
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဝေလမင်းသား
Nederlands: Prins van Wales
português: Príncipe de Gales
română: Prinț de Wales
Simple English: Prince of Wales
slovenčina: Princ z Walesu
српски / srpski: Принц од Велса
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Princ od Walesa
Türkçe: Galler Prensi
українська: Принц Уельський
Tiếng Việt: Thân vương xứ Wales