Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Prime Minister of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Bruno Tshibala.jpg
Incumbent
Bruno Tshibala

since 18 May 2017
AppointerJoseph Kabila,
as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Inaugural holderPatrice Lumumba
Formation24 June 1960
Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: Premier-ministre de la République démocratique du Congo, Swahili: Waziri Mkuu wa Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo, Lingala: Minisele ya Yambo wa Republiki ya Kɔ́ngɔ Demokratiki), is Congo's head of government.

History

The current prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is Bruno Tshibala.

The position of prime minister was already present in the first government after independence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the first prime minister Patrice Emery Lumumba. Over the years the position's powers and attributions have varied widely, and there were long periods of time under the Mobutu Sese Seko, and the period following the First Congo War, when the position was abolished in 1966. The position was restored by Mobutu in 1977, as the title of "First State Commissioner" which, in reality, was weak in comparison to the pre-war office of Prime Minister, and was occupied by several individuals who were appointed at Mobutu's whim. The office became vacant with Mobutu's forced ouster in 1997.[citation needed]

Aside from the Lumumba Government, the Congo (DRC) has known several powerful figures in the position, such as Moise Tshombe who had previously led a secession of his native Katanga province, and Etienne Tshisekedi, the long-time opponent of the Mobutu regime, who was brought to this position three times, by pressure from the people.

The position resurfaced as an institution of the Third Republic's constitution, and Antoine Gizenga was appointed as the first Prime Minister of the Third Republic, on 30 December 2006. Gizenga, one of the few active and living politicians to hail from the DRC's colonial past, was Lumumba's Deputy-Prime Minister in 1960, and served as Prime Minister of a rival national government in rebellion in February 1961.