Prime Minister of Turkey

Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı  (Turkish)
Seal of Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey.svg
Seal of the Prime Minister
Member ofCabinet of Turkey
National Security Council
ResidenceÇankaya Mansion
AppointerThe President
In accordance with voting in the Grand National Assembly
Term length4 years (same as the term of Grand National Assembly)
Constituting instrumentAnayasa
Inaugural holderMustafa Kemal Atatürk (Ankara Government)
İsmet İnönü (Republic)
Formation3 May 1920 (Ankara Government)
1 November 1923 (Republic)
Final holderBinali Yıldırım
Abolished9 July 2018
SuccessionPresident of Turkey (presidential system)
Websitewww.basbakanlik.gov.tr
Flag of Turkey.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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Turkey

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı) was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.

History

In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan held the title of Grand Vizier (Turkish: Sadrazam). After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and the prime minister formed a cabinet. With the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of the republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan.

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