The Technology Portal


Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e. g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems.

The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.

Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

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Illustration of a Song Dynasty junk, a type of ship
The technology of the Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD) was advanced, providing some of the most prolific technological advancements in Chinese history, much of which came from talented statesmen drafted by the government through imperial examinations. The ingenuity of mechanical engineering had a long tradition in China. The Song Dynasty engineer Su Song admitted that he and his contemporaries were building upon the achievements of the ancients such as Zhang Heng, an astronomer, inventor, and early master of mechanical gears. The application of movable type printing advanced the already widespread use of woodblock printing to educate and amuse Confucian students and the masses. The application of new weapons employing the use of gunpowder enabled the Song Dynasty to ward off its militant enemies until its collapse to the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan, in the late 13th century. Notable advancements in civil engineering, nautics, and metallurgy were made in Song China, as well as the introduction of the windmill to China during the 13th century. These advancements, along with the introduction of paper-printed money, helped revolutionize and sustain the economy of the Song Dynasty.


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Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. He is best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion, codified by later astronomers based on his works Astronomia nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome of Copernican Astronomy. Before Kepler, planets' paths were computed by combinations of the circular motions of the celestial orbs. After Kepler, astronomers shifted their attention from orbs to orbits—paths that could be represented mathematically as an ellipse. Kepler's laws also provided one of the foundations for Isaac Newton's theory of universal gravitation. During his career Kepler was a mathematics teacher at a Graz seminary school, an assistant to Tycho Brahe, the court mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II, a mathematics teacher in Linz, Austria, and an adviser to General Wallenstein. He also did fundamental work in the field of optics and helped to legitimize the telescopic discoveries of his contemporary Galileo Galilei.


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Technological aspect of idea concepts and issues – Appropriate technology •Clean technology •Diffusion of innovations in science •Doomsday device •Ecotechnology •Environmental technology •High technology •History of science and technology •History of technology •Industry • Innovation •Knowledge economy •Persuasion technology • Pollution •Posthumanism •Precautionary principle •Research and development •Science, technology, and society •Strategy of technology •Superpowers •Sustainable technology •Technocapitalism • Technocriticism •Techno-progressivism •Technological convergence • Technological evolution •Technological determinism •Technological diffusion • Technological singularity •Technology acceptance model • Technology assessment •Technology lifecycle • Technology transfer • Technology Tree •Technorealism •Timeline of invention •Transhumanism

Technologies and applied sciences –Aerospace • Agriculture, Agricultural science & Agronomy • Architecture • Artificial intelligence • Automation •Automobile • Big Science •Biotechnology • Cartography • Chemical engineering •Communication •Computing (Computer science, List of open problems in computer science, Programming, Software engineering, Information technology, Computer engineering) •Construction • Design • Electronics • Energy development • Energy storage • Engineering • Ergonomics • Firefighting •Forensics • Forestry • Free software •Health sciences • Health Informatics • Industry • Information science • Internet • Library and information science • Machines • Management •Manufacturing • Mass communication •Mass production •Medicine (Unsolved problems in neuroscience) • Military science • Military technology and equipment • Mining • Nanotechnology • Nuclear technology • Packaging and labeling •Processes •Robotics • Space exploration •Technology forecasting •Telecommunications • Tools • Transport •Vehicles • Weapons

News

November 18, 2019 –
Japan opens its first military arms show, as it tries to improve its military technology to combat external threats from China and (Reuters)
November 11, 2019 –
The wreckage of United States Navy submarine USS Grayback (SS-208), which disappeared with its 80 crew members in the East China Sea on February 27, 1944 during (CNN)
September 27, 2019 –
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson is formally referred to the Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) amid allegations of corruption during his tenure as Mayor of London. Johnson is alleged to have awarded a close friend, American technology entrepreneur Jennifer Arcuri, "thousands of pounds" in public business funding, according to the (The Guardian)

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