The Society Portal
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.
Societies construct patterns of behavior by deeming certain actions or speech as acceptable or unacceptable. These patterns of behavior within a given society are known as societal norms. Societies, and their norms, undergo gradual and perpetual changes.
Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would otherwise be difficult on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology.
More broadly, and especially within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, social, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than "other people" beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.
is generally defined as a political philosophy
which holds the state
to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful, or, alternatively, as opposing authority
or hierarchical organization
in the conduct of human relations. Proponents of anarchism, known as "anarchists", advocate stateless societies
based on non-hierarchical voluntary associations
. There are many types and traditions of anarchism, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought
can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have been divided into the categories of social
and individualist anarchism
or similar dual classifications. Anarchism is often considered a radical left-wing
ideology, and much of anarchist economics
and anarchist legal philosophy
interpretations of communism
, or participatory economics
. However, anarchism has always included an individualist strain
, egoist strain
, and free market strain
. Some individualist anarchists are also socialists
, while some anarcho-communists are also individualists. Anarchism as a mass social movement
has regularly endured fluctuations in popularity. The central tendency of anarchism as a social movement has been represented by anarcho-communism
, with individualist anarchism
being primarily a literary phenomenon which nevertheless did have an impact on the bigger currents and individualists have also participated in large anarchist organizations. Most anarchists oppose all forms of aggression
, supporting self-defense
), while others have supported the use of some coercive
measures, including violent revolution
and propaganda of the deed
, on the path to an anarchist society.
Did you know...
Anniversaries this month
(1770–1809) was a gaol
keeper and animal breeder from Leicester
, England, famous for his unusually large size. He was a keen sportsman and extremely strong, on one occasion fighting a bear in the streets of Leicester. He was an expert in sporting animals
, widely respected for his expertise on dogs, horses and fighting cocks
. In 1805 the gaol of which Lambert was keeper closed. By this time he weighed 50 stone
(700 lb; 320 kg), and had become the heaviest authenticated person in recorded history
up to that time. Unemployed and sensitive about his bulk, he became a recluse. Poverty forced Lambert to put himself on exhibition to raise money, and in April 1806
he moved to London, charging spectators to enter his apartments to meet him. Visitors were impressed by his intelligence and personality, and visiting him became highly fashionable. After a few months, Lambert returned wealthy to Leicester and soon began making short fundraising tours. In June 1809
he died suddenly in Stamford
. At the time of his death he weighed 52 stone 11 lb (739 lb; 335 kg). It took 20 men almost half an hour to drag his casket
into the trench in the burial ground
at St Martin's Church
. Though no longer the heaviest person in history, Lambert remains a popular character in Leicester.
Neville Chamberlain announcing that Britain was at war with Germany, over the wireless, on 3 September 1939
File:20151030 Syrians and Iraq refugees arrive at Skala Sykamias Lesvos Greece 2.jpg
File:Jane Addams - Bain News Service.jpg
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