Introduction

The Universe represented as multiple disk-shaped slices across time, which passes from left to right.

Science (from the Latin word scientia, meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.

The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 BCE. Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped Greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to explain events of the physical world based on natural causes. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, knowledge of Greek conceptions of the world deteriorated in Western Europe during the early centuries (400 to 1000 CE) of the Middle Ages but was preserved in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age. The recovery and assimilation of Greek works and Islamic inquiries into Western Europe from the 10th to 13th century revived natural philosophy, which was later transformed by the Scientific Revolution that began in the 16th century as new ideas and discoveries departed from previous Greek conceptions and traditions. The scientific method soon played a greater role in knowledge creation and it was not until the 19th century that many of the institutional and professional features of science began to take shape.

Main branches of science

Selected branches of natural science

Selected branches of formal science

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In the news

7 February 2019 –
NASA scientists report the MarCO satellites, two CubeSats in (CNN)
30 January 2019 – Cancer research
An (Times of Israel)
23 January 2019 – 2019 in spaceflight
Blue Origin successfully launches its New Shepard 3 rocket and completes the tenth sub-orbital test flight, reaching an altitude of 106.9 km (351,000 ft), carrying its crew capsule and making a controlled upright landing in West Texas.[1].[2]

Selected branches of social science

Selected branches of applied science

Subcategories

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Glossaries

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  1. ^ Chris Bergin (23 January 2019). "Blue Origin conducts New Shepard's 10th test flight". NASASpaceFlight.com. NASA. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  2. ^ Eric Berger (23 January 2019). "New Shepard makes 10th launch as Blue Origin aims to fly humans late in 2019". Ars Technica. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
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