Introduction

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Location of Romania within Europe

Romania (dated: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. It shares a border with Hungary to the north-west, Serbia to the south-west, Ukraine to the north and a small portion in the central-east border, Republic of Moldova to the north-east, and Bulgaria to the south. Romania has a stretch of sea coast along the Black Sea in the south-east. It is located roughly in the lower basin of the Danube and almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory.

Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 and it gained recognition of its independence in 1878. Later, in 1918, they were joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. At the end of World War II, parts of its territories (roughly the present day Moldova) were occupied by USSR and Romania became a member of Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms that enabled Romania to join the European Union on 1 January 2007.

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Sviatoslav I by Eugene Lanceray (1886)

Sviatoslav I Igorevich (Old East Slavic: С~тославъ / Свѧтославъ Игорєвичь, Sventoslavŭ / Svantoslavŭ Igorevičǐ; Old Norse: Sveinald Ingvarsson) (c. 942 – 26 March 972), also spelled Svyatoslav was a Grand Prince of Kiev famous for his persistent campaigns in the east and south, which precipitated the collapse of two great powers of Eastern Europe, Khazaria and the First Bulgarian Empire. He also conquered numerous East Slavic tribes, defeated the Alans and attacked the Volga Bulgars, and at times was allied with the Pechenegs and Magyars.

His decade-long reign over the Kievan Rus' was marked by rapid expansion into the Volga River valley, the Pontic steppe, and the Balkans. By the end of his short life, Sviatoslav carved out for himself the largest state in Europe, eventually moving his capital in 969 from Kiev (modern-day Ukraine) to Pereyaslavets (identified as the modern village of Nufăru, Romania) on the Danube. In contrast with his mother's conversion to Christianity, Sviatoslav remained a staunch pagan all of his life. Due to his abrupt death in ambush, his conquests, for the most part, were not consolidated into a functioning empire, while his failure to establish a stable succession led to a fratricidal feud among his three sons, resulting in two of them being killed. Read more...

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Requested articles: Theater in Romania/Theatre in Romania, Virgil Gheorghiu (poet), Ion Brad
Translation from Romanian: ro:Adrian Sobaru - Adrian Sobaru, ro:Lacul Avrig - Avrig Lake, ro:Letea, Tulcea - Letea, Tulcea
Expand: Bârlad, Romanian lexis, Mihai Leu, Lia Manoliu, Theodor Aman, CFR Cluj, High Court of Cassation and Justice, Health Care in Romania, Development regions of Romania
Cleanup: Cinema of Romania, Culture of Romania, Northern Transylvania

  • You can locate significant places in Bucharest using a special map here, which has a unique 3D view.

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Danube delta Landsat 2000.jpeg
A landsat satellite photo of the Danube Delta, circa 2000

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