Introduction

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The President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Spanish: Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The President leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The President is directly elected by the people, and is one of only two nationally elected executive officials, the other being the Vice President of the Philippines. However, four vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having been elected to the office, by virtue of a president's intra-term death or resignation.

Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. The President serves a single, fixed, six-year term without possibility of re-election. On June 30, 2016, Rodrigo Duterte was sworn in as the 16th and current president.

Philippine Presidents in History

Election data for the month

CandidatePartyVotes%
Manuel Luis QuezonNacionalista Party1,340,32081.78%
Juan SumulongPopular Front298,60818.22%

The second presidential election were held on November 11, 1941 in the Philippines. Incumbent President Manuel Luis Quezon won an unprecedented second partial term as President of the Philippines via a landslide. His running mate, Vice President Sergio Osmeña also won via landslide. The elected officials however, did not serve their terms from 1942 to 1945 due to World War II. In 1943, a Japanese-sponsored Republic was established and appointed José P. Laurel as president. From 1943 to 1945, the Philippines had two presidents. Quezon died in 1944 due to tuberculosis and was replaced by Sergio Osmeña.

Presidential picture of the week

LBJ meets with Ferdinand Marcos in Manila 1966-10-23.JPG
October 23, 1966: U.S. President Lyndon Johnson talks with Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, with Imelda Marcos looking on. LBJ and the leaders of South Vietnam, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and Thailand were in Manila for a summit meeting focusing mostly on the Vietnam War.
Photo credit: White House Photograph Office

Selected article for the month

The Philippines was under a state of emergency, announced by presidential spokesperson Ignacio Bunye on the morning of February 24, 2006, by the virtue of Proclamation No. 1017. This occurred after the government claimed that it foiled an alleged coup d'état attempt against the administration of Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo earlier that same day. The Philippine government security service also claimed that it had arrested a general who was involved in the coup attempt. The president lifted the state of emergency on March 3, 2006 by the virtue of Proclamation No. 1021.(more...)

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Presidential Quotes

  • My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to the country begins --- Manuel L. Quezon
  • I had a very difficult and complex relationship with my father, ... It was only when I was 15 years old that I was able to breathe a little and realize all that my father had done --- Ramon Magsaysay
  • These nuclear tests are serious blows to regional security and to the global non-proliferation regime and international nuclear disarmament efforts --- Fidel Ramos
  • The Philippines will yet emerge as a prosperous, modern nation within our lifetimes --- Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • General Primo de Rivera paid the first installment of $400,000 while the two Generals were hold as hostages in Biak-na-bato --- Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Peace, ... is crucial, because my government aims to hasten Mindanao's development by transforming it into the country's food basket --- Joseph Estrada

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