The New Mexico Portal

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New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

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White Sands Missile Range logo.jpg

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area of almost 3,200 sq mi (8,300 km2) in parts of five counties in southern New Mexico. The largest military installation in the United States, WSMR and the 600,000-acre (2,400 km2) McGregor Range Complex at Fort Bliss to the south (southeast Tularosa Basin and on Otero Mesa) are contiguous areas for military testing. On 9 July 1945, the White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long range rockets. Just seven days later, the first atomic bomb test, code named Trinity was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. Read more...

State Facts

  • Nickname: Land of Enchantment
  • Capital: Santa Fe

State symbols:

State Capital:Santa Fe
State Mottos:"Crescit eundo" ("It Grows as It Goes")
State Songs:"O Fair New Mexico"
State Tree:Two-Needle Piñon Pine
State Flower:Yucca flower
State Grasses:Blue grama
State Bird:Greater roadrunner
State Animal:Black Bear
State Reptile:New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
State Amphibian:New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
State Fish:Rio Grande cutthroat trout
State Insect:Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Butterfly:Sandia Hairstreak
State Cookie:Bizcochito
State Vegetables:Hatch chile and Pinto Bean
State Rock:Turquoise
State Poem:A Nuevo Mexico
State Ships:USS New Mexico (BB-40) & USS New Mexico (SSN-779)
State QuarterNew Mexico - State Quarter.jpg

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New Mexico News

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Contents: NRHP in New Mexico by county
Bernalillo – Catron – Chaves – Cibola – Colfax – Curry – De Baca – Doña Ana – Eddy – Grant – Guadalupe – Harding – Hidalgo – Lea – Lincoln – Los Alamos – Luna – McKinley – Mora – Otero – Quay – Rio Arriba – Roosevelt – San Juan – San Miguel – Sandoval – Santa Fe – Sierra – Socorro – Taos – Torrance – Union – Valencia


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The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year.

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