Catholicism is the entirety of the beliefs and practices of the
Eastern Churches that are in full communion with the
pope as the Bishop of Rome and successor of
Saint Peter the Apostle, united as the Catholic Church.
The first known written use of "Catholic Church" appears in a letter by
Ignatius of Antioch c. AD 107 to the church of Smyrna, whose bishop,
Polycarp, visited Ignatius during his journey to Rome as a prisoner. He wrote:
Let no man do anything connected with the Church without the bishop. Let that be deemed a proper Eucharist, which is [administered] either by the bishop, or by one to whom he has entrusted it. Wherever the bishop shall appear, there let the multitude [of the people] also be; even as, wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic Church.
His use of "Catholic Church" suggests that it was already in current use, for he sees no need to explain himself and uses the expression as one already known to his readers. It gives expression to
12–16). Dissenting groups breaking away from this universal unity were already known to the Apostles: in
his letters Paul refers to the "
Judaizers" (those requiring observance of the
Mosaic Law), and in his
Book of Revelation
St. John calls them "
Nicolaitans". They believe that it is a small step for those faithful to the teaching of the Apostles to identify themselves as the Catholic Church ("the one Church everywhere"), and not to include those dissenting and breaking away from unity with her.
The term Catholic Christianity entered into
Roman law by force of edict on 27 February AD 380:
It is our desire that all the various nations which are subject to our clemency and moderation, should continue the profession of that religion which was delivered to the Romans by the divine Apostle Peter, as it has been preserved by faithful tradition and which is now professed by the
Pontiff Damasus and by Peter,
Bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic holiness. According to the apostolic teaching and the doctrine of the Gospel, let us believe in the one Deity of the
Son, and the
Holy Spirit, in equal majesty and in a holy
Trinity. We authorize the followers of this law to assume the title Catholic Christians; but as for the others, since in our judgment they are foolish madmen, we decree that they shall be branded with the ignominious name of
heretics, and shall not presume to give their conventicles the name of
churches. They will suffer in the first place the chastisement of divine condemnation and the second the punishment of [as] our authority, in accordance with the will of
heaven, shall decide to inflict.
Our Lady of Fatima (Portuguese pronunciation:
[ˈfatimɐ]) is the title given to the
Blessed Virgin Mary by those who believe that she appeared to three shepherd children at
Portugal on the 13th day of six consecutive months in 1917, starting on
13 May, the Fatima holiday. The title of Our Lady of the Rosary is also used in reference to the same apparition; the children related that the apparition specifically identified herself as "the Lady of the Rosary." It is also common to see a combination of these titles, i.e., Our Lady of the Rosary of Fatima ([Nossa Senhora do Rosário de Fátima] error: : text has italic markup (
help)).Between May and October of 1917, three shepherd children,
Lúcia Santos and her cousins
Jacinta and Francisco Marto, reported visions of a luminous lady, believed to be the
Virgin Mary, in the
Cova da Iria fields outside the hamlet of
Fatima, Portugal. The Lady appeared to the children on the 13th day of each month at approximately noon, for six straight months. The only exception was August, when the children were kidnapped by the local administrator.
Jesus of Nazareth (7–2
BCE to 26–36
CE), also known as Jesus Christ, is the central figure of
Christianity, revered by most
Christians as the
incarnation of God, and is also an important figure in several other
religions. The name "Jesus" is an
Anglicization of the
Greek Ίησους (Iēsous), itself a
Hellenization of the
Hebrew יהושע (Yehoshua) or Hebrew-
Aramaic ישוע (
Yeshua), meaning "
YHWH rescues". "
Christ" is a title derived from the Greek Χριστός (Christós), meaning the "Anointed One," which corresponds to the Hebrew-derived "
Messiah". The main sources of information regarding Jesus' life and teachings are the
gospels. Most scholars in the fields of
biblical studies agree that Jesus was a
Jew, was regarded as a teacher and
John the Baptist, and was
Jerusalem on orders of
Pontius Pilate, on the charge of
sedition against the
Did you know...
Feast Day of February 26
Saint Isabel of France (March,
1225 – 23 February 1270) was the daughter of
Louis VIII of France and
Blanche of Castile. She was a younger sister of
Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) and
Alphonse of Toulouse, among others. She was also an older sister of
Charles I of Sicily. She founded the
Abbey of Longchamp.
When still a child at court, Isabel, was devoted to religion. She not only broke off her engagement with a count, but moreover refused the hand of
Conrad IV of Germany, son of
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, although pressed to accept him by everyone.
As Isabel wished to found a convent of the
Order of Poor Ladies of
Saint Clare, Louis IX began in
1255 to acquire the necessary land in the Forest of
Rouvray-Catillon, not far from the
Seine and in the neighbourhood of
Paris. On 10 June 1256, the first stone of the convent church was laid. The building appears to have been completed about the beginning of 1259, because
Pope Alexander IV gave his sanction on 2 February 1259, to the new rule which Isabel composed along with a team of at least four leading Franciscans, including
Saint Bonaventure. This rule was drawn up solely for this convent, which was named the Monastery of the Humility of the Blessed Virgin (monasterium humilitatis beatae Mariae virginis). The fast was not so strict as in the Rule of Saint Clare; the community was allowed to hold property, and the sisters were subject to the Franciscans. Some of the first sisters came from the female Franciscan convent at
Isabel never entered the cloister, but from 1260 (or 1263) she followed the rules in her own home nearby. Isabel was not altogether satisfied with the first rule drawn up, and therefore submitted a revised rule to
Pope Urban IV. Urban approved this new constitution on 27 July 1263. The difference between the two rules consisted for the most part in outward observances and minor alterations. In the new rule Urban IV gives the nuns of
Longchamp the official title of sorores minores inclusae, which was doubtlessly intended to emphasize closer union with the Order of Friars Minor (the Franciscans).
Isabella died in her house at Longchamp on 23 February 1270, and was buried in the convent church. After nine days her body was exhumed, when it showed no signs of decay, and many miracles were said to have been wrought at her grave.
||Praise consists in the love of God, in wonder at the goodness of God, in recognition of the gifts of God, in seeing God in all things He gives us, ay, and even in the things that He refuses to us; so as to see our whole life in the light of God; and seeing this, to bless Him, adore Him, and glorify Him.
- July 26, 2017: The
Holy Name of Jesus cathedral in Raleigh, North Carolina was dedicated. The groundbreaking took place on January 3, 2015.
- May 21, 2017:
Pope Francis announced a
consistory for the elevation of
five new cardinals on 28 June. He adhered to his established pattern of appointing cardinals from the peripheries, including the first cardinals from
Sweden, the latter of whom will also be the first cardinal from
- April 12, 2017: Pope Francis expanded the
Secretariat for Communications and appointed the 13 new consultants in addition to the 16 members added on July 13, 2016. The secretariat was established in June 2015.
- December 8, 2015 to November 20, 2016: During the
, Rome received 21.3 million pilgrims, the
shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe received 22 million pilgrims, and
World Youth Day in Krakow received 3 million pilgrims.
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