Pope Paul VI

Pope Saint

Paul VI
Bishop of Rome
Paul VI in 1963
Papacy began21 June 1963
Papacy ended6 August 1978
PredecessorJohn XXIII
SuccessorJohn Paul I
Ordination29 May 1920
by Giacinto Gaggia
Consecration12 December 1954
by Eugène Tisserant
Created cardinal15 December 1958
by John XXIII
Personal details
Birth nameGiovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini
Born(1897-09-26)26 September 1897
Concesio, Brescia, Kingdom of Italy
Died6 August 1978(1978-08-06) (aged 80)
Castel Gandolfo, Italy
Previous post
MottoCum Ipso in monte (With Him on the mount)
In nomine Domini (In the name of the Lord)
SignaturePaul VI's signature
Coat of armsPaul VI's coat of arms
Feast day
Venerated inCatholic Church
Beatified19 October 2014
Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope Francis
Canonized14 October 2018
Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope Francis
Other popes named Paul
Ordination history of
Pope Paul VI
Diaconal ordination
Date28 February 1920
PlaceConcesio, Brescia
Priestly ordination
Ordained byGiacinto Gaggia (Brescia)
Date29 May 1920
PlaceConcesio, Brescia
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorEugène Card. Tisserant (Dec. Sac. Coll.)
Co-consecratorsGiacinto Tredici (Brescia)
Domenico Bernareggi (Milan aux.)
Date12 December 1954
PlaceSaint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Elevated byPope John XXIII
Date15 December 1958
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope Paul VI as principal consecrator
Giuseppe Schiavini22 May 1955
Cesário Alexandre Minali5 June 1955
Ubaldo Teofano Stella3 October 1955
Domenico Enrici1 November 1955
Aristide Pirovano13 November 1955
Adolfo Luís Bossi14 September 1958
Antonio Fustella25 June 1960
Giovanni Umberto Colombo7 December 1960
Luigi Oldani7 December 1961
Francesco Rossi26 May 1963
Igino Eugenio Cardinale20 October 1963
Albert Reuben Edward Thomas20 October 1963
Giovanni Fallani28 June 1964
Johannes Gerardus Maria Willebrands28 June 1964
Leobard D'Souza3 December 1964
Ferdinando Giuseppe Antonelli19 March 1966
Giacomo Violardo19 March 1966
Loris Francesco Capovilla[7]16 July 1967
Agostino Casaroli16 July 1967
Ernesto Civardi16 July 1967
Paul Casimir Marcinkus6 January 1969
Louis Vangeke3 December 1970
Annibale Bugnini13 February 1972
Giuseppe Casoria13 February 1972
Enrico Bartolucci Panaroni29 June 1973
Jean Jerome Hamer29 June 1973
Andrzej Maria Deskur30 June 1974
Nicola Rotunno30 June 1974

Pope Saint Paul VI (Latin: Paulus VI; Italian: Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (Italian pronunciation: [dʒoˈvanːi baˈtːista enˈriːko anˈtɔːnjo maˈriːa monˈtiːni]); 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements.[8] Montini served in the Holy See's Secretariat of State from 1922 to 1954. While in the Secretariat of State, Montini and Domenico Tardini were considered as the closest and most influential advisors of Pius XII, who in 1954 named him Archbishop of Milan, the largest Italian diocese. Montini later became the Secretary of the Italian Bishops' Conference. John XXIII elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1958, and after the death of John XXIII, Montini was considered one of his most likely successors.[9]

Upon his election to the papacy, Montini took the name Paul VI. He re-convened the Second Vatican Council, which had automatically closed with the death of John XXIII. After the Council had concluded its work, Paul VI took charge of the interpretation and implementation of its mandates, often walking a thin line between the conflicting expectations of various groups within Catholicism. The magnitude and depth of the reforms affecting all fields of Church life during his pontificate exceeded similar reform programmes of his predecessors and successors. Paul VI spoke repeatedly to Marian conventions and mariological meetings, visited Marian shrines and issued three Marian encyclicals. Following Ambrose of Milan, he named Mary as the Mother of the Church during the Second Vatican Council.[10] Paul VI described himself as a humble servant for a suffering humanity and demanded significant changes from the rich in North America and Europe in favour of the poor in the Third World.[11] His positions on birth control, promulgated famously in the 1968 encyclical Humanae vitae, were often contested, especially in Western Europe and North America. The same opposition emerged in reaction to the political aspects of some of his teaching.

Following the standard procedures that lead to sainthood, Pope Benedict XVI declared that the late pontiff had lived a life of heroic virtue and conferred the title of Venerable upon him on 20 December 2012. Pope Francis beatified him on 19 October 2014 after the recognition of a miracle attributed to his intercession. His liturgical feast was celebrated on the date of his birth on 26 September until 2019 when it was changed to the date of his sacerdotal ordination on 29 May. Pope Francis canonised Paul VI on 14 October 2018.

Early life

His father, Giorgio Montini

Giovanni Battista Montini was born in the village of Concesio, in the province of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy, in 1897. His father Giorgio Montini was a lawyer, journalist, director of the Catholic Action and member of the Italian Parliament. His mother was Giudetta Alghisi, from a family of rural nobility. He had two brothers, Francesco Montini, who became a physician, and Lodovico Montini, who became a lawyer and politician.[12] On 30 September 1897, he was baptised with the name Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini.[13] He attended the Cesare Arici school, run by the Jesuits, and in 1916 received a diploma from the Arnaldo da Brescia public school in Brescia. His education was often interrupted by bouts of illness.

In 1916, he entered the seminary to become a Catholic priest. He was ordained priest on 29 May 1920 in Brescia and celebrated his first Holy Mass in Brescia in the Basilica of Santa Maria delle Grazie.[14] Montini concluded his studies in Milan with a doctorate in Canon Law in the same year.[15] Afterwards he studied at the Gregorian University, the University of Rome La Sapienza and, at the request of Giuseppe Pizzardo at the Accademia dei Nobili Ecclesiastici. In 1922, at the age of twenty-five, again at the request of Giuseppe Pizzardo, Montini entered the Secretariat of State, where he worked under Pizzardo together with Francesco Borgongini-Duca, Alfredo Ottaviani, Carlo Grano, Domenico Tardini and Francis Spellman.[16] Consequently, he never had an appointment as a parish priest. In 1925 he helped found the publishing house Morcelliana in Brescia, focused on promoting a 'Christian-inspired culture'.[17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Paulus VI
Alemannisch: Paul VI.
العربية: بولس السادس
aragonés: Pavlo VI
asturianu: Pablo VI
Aymar aru: Pawlu VI
azərbaycanca: VI Pavel
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Павал VI (папа рымскі)
български: Павел VI
Boarisch: Paul VI.
bosanski: Papa Pavao VI
brezhoneg: Paol VI
català: Pau VI
Cebuano: Papa Pablo VI
čeština: Pavel VI.
Cymraeg: Pab Pawl VI
Deutsch: Paul VI.
dolnoserbski: Pawoł VI.
eesti: Paulus VI
español: Pablo VI
Esperanto: Paŭlo la 6-a
euskara: Paulo VI.a
فارسی: پل ششم
français: Paul VI
Gaeilge: Pápa Pól VI
Gàidhlig: Pàpa Pòl VI
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Paulus 6-sṳ
հայերեն: Պողոս VI
hornjoserbsce: Pawoł VI.
hrvatski: Pavao VI.
Ilokano: Papa Pablo VI
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Paulus VI
italiano: Papa Paolo VI
Basa Jawa: Paus Paulus VI
Kapampangan: Papa Pablo VI
ქართული: პავლე VI
Kiswahili: Papa Paulo VI
Latina: Paulus VI
latviešu: Pāvils VI
Lëtzebuergesch: Paul VI. (Poopst)
lietuvių: Paulius VI
lingála: Pápa Polo VI
lumbaart: Pàol VI
македонски: Папа Павле VI
Malagasy: Paul VI.
Bahasa Melayu: Paus Paulus VI
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Paulus 6-sié
монгол: VI Паул
Nederlands: Paus Paulus VI
norsk: Paul VI
norsk nynorsk: Pave Paul VI
occitan: Pau VI
ភាសាខ្មែរ: Pope VI
Plattdüütsch: Paul VI.
polski: Paweł VI
português: Papa Paulo VI
Runa Simi: Pawlu VI
русский: Павел VI
sicilianu: Paulu VI
Simple English: Pope Paul VI
slovenčina: Pavol VI.
slovenščina: Papež Pavel VI.
српски / srpski: Папа Павле VI
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pavao VI
suomi: Paavali VI
svenska: Paulus VI
Tagalog: Papa Pablo VI
татарча/tatarça: Павел VI
Türkçe: VI. Paulus
українська: Павло VI
اردو: پال ششم
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Phaolô VI
Winaray: Papa Pablo VI
中文: 保祿六世