Pope Paul II

Pope

Paul II
Bishop of Rome
Pietrobarbo.jpg
Papacy began30 August 1464
Papacy ended26 July 1471
PredecessorPius II
SuccessorSixtus IV
Orders
Created cardinal1 July 1440
by Eugene IV
Personal details
Birth namePietro Barbo
Born23 February 1417
Venice, Republic of Venice
Died26 July 1471(1471-07-26) (aged 54)
Rome, Papal States
Previous postCardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria Nuova (1440–1451)
Apostolic Administrator of Cervia (1440–1451)
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (1445–?)
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1445–1446; 1460–1461)
Bishop of Vicenza (1451–1464)
Cardinal-Priest of San Marco (1451–1464)
Bishop of Padova (1459–1460)
Abbot Ordinary of Montecassino (1465–1471)
Other popes named Paul
Papal styles of
Pope Paul II
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleNone

Pope Paul II (Latin: Paulus II; 23 February 1417 – 26 July 1471), born Pietro Barbo, was Pope from 30 August 1464 to his death in 1471. When his maternal uncle, Gabriele Condulmer, became Pope Eugenius IV, Pietro switched from training to be a merchant to religious studies. His rise in the Church was relatively rapid. Elected pope in 1464, he amassed a great collection of art and antiquities.

Early life

Paul was born in Venice, a nephew of Pope Eugenius IV (1431–1447) through his mother. Through his father he was a member of the noble Barbo family. His adoption of the spiritual career, after having been trained as a merchant, was prompted by his uncle's election as pope. His consequent promotion was rapid; and the ambitious young cleric became a cardinal in 1440 and gained popularity through his generosity. He boasted that if elected pope he would buy each cardinal a villa to escape the summer heat.[1]

After having been lay abbot of Santa Maria in Sylvis since 1441, in 1445 he succeeded Giuliano Cesarini as archpriest of the Vatican Basilica. Platina reported that Pius II suggested he should have been called Maria Pietissima (Our Lady of Pity), as "when he could not obtain what he aimed at by praying, entreating, and requesting, he would join tears to his petitions to make them the sooner believed."[2] Some historians have suggested the nickname may also have been an allusion either to Paul's propensity to enjoy dressing up in sumptuous ecclesiastical finery,[3] or possibly a lack of masculinity.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Paulus II
العربية: بولس الثاني
azərbaycanca: II Pavel
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Павал II (папа рымскі)
български: Павел II
brezhoneg: Paol II
català: Papa Pau II
čeština: Pavel II.
Deutsch: Paul II.
eesti: Paulus II
español: Paulo II
Esperanto: Paŭlo la 2-a
euskara: Paulo II.a
فارسی: پل دوم
français: Paul II
Gaeilge: Pápa Pól II
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Paulus 2-sṳ
hrvatski: Pavao II.
Ilokano: Papa Pablo II
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Paulus II
italiano: Papa Paolo II
ქართული: პავლე II
Kiswahili: Papa Paulo II
Latina: Paulus II
latviešu: Pāvils II
lietuvių: Paulius II
македонски: Папа Павле II
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Paulus 2-sié
Nederlands: Paus Paulus II
norsk: Paul II
occitan: Pau II
Plattdüütsch: Paul II.
português: Papa Paulo II
Runa Simi: Pawlu II
русский: Павел II
sicilianu: Paulu II
Simple English: Pope Paul II
slovenčina: Pavol II. (pápež)
slovenščina: Papež Pavel II.
српски / srpski: Папа Павле II
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pavao II.
suomi: Paavali II
svenska: Paulus II
Tagalog: Papa Pablo II
Türkçe: II. Paulus
українська: Павло II
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Phaolô II
Winaray: Papa Pablo II
粵語: 保祿二世
中文: 保祿二世