Pope Leo IX

Pope Saint

Leo IX
Pope Leo IX.jpg
Papacy began12 February 1049
Papacy ended19 April 1054
PredecessorDamasus II
SuccessorVictor II
Personal details
Birth nameBruno von Eguisheim-Dagsburg
Born21 June 1002
Egisheim, Alsace, Duchy of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire
Died19 April 1054(1054-04-19) (aged 51)
Rome, Papal States
Previous postBishop of Toul (1026–49)
Feast day19 April
Venerated inCatholic Church
by Pope Gregory VII
Other popes named Leo
Papal styles of
Pope Leo IX
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleSaint

Pope Leo IX (21 June 1002 – 19 April 1054), born Bruno of Egisheim-Dagsburg, was pope from 12 February 1049 to his death in 1054.[1] He was a German aristocrat and a powerful ruler of central Italy while holding the papacy. He is regarded as a saint by the Catholic Church, his feast day celebrated on 19 April.[2]

Leo IX is widely considered the most historically significant German pope of the Middle Ages; he was instrumental in the precipitation of the Great Schism of 1054, considered the turning point in which the Catholic and Orthodox Churches formally separated.

Early life

Leo IX portrayed in a contemporary manuscript

He was born to Count Hugh and Heilwig and was a native of Egisheim, Upper Alsace (present day Alsace, France). His family was of noble rank, and his father was a first cousin of Emperor Conrad II (1024–1039).[3]

At the age of five, Bruno was committed to the care of Berthold, Bishop of Toul, who had a school for the sons of the nobility. In 1017 Bruno became a canon at St. Stephen's in Toul. When, in 1024, his cousin Conrad succeeded Henry II as Holy Roman Emperor, Bruno's relatives sent him to the new king's court "to serve in his chapel". [4]

Bruno was a deacon in 1026 when Conrad set out for Italy to make his authority respected in that portion of his dominions, and as Herimann, Bishop of Toul, was too old to lead his contingent into the peninsula, he entrusted the command of it to Bruno. While he was thus in the midst of arms, Bishop Herimann died and Bruno was at once elected to succeed him. Conrad, who destined him for higher things, was loath to allow him to accept that insignificant see. But Bruno induced the emperor to permit him to take the see. Consecrated in 1027, Bruno administered the Diocese of Toul for over twenty years, during a time of stress and trouble.[5] He had to contend not merely with famine, but also with war, to which as a frontier town Toul was much exposed. Bruno rendered important political services to Conrad II, and afterwards to Emperor Henry III. He knew how to make peace, and, if necessary, to wield the sword in self-defence. Sent by Conrad to Robert the Pious, he established so firm a peace between France and the empire that it was not again broken even during the reigns of the sons of both Conrad and Robert. On the other hand, he held his episcopal city against Eudes, Count of Blois, a rebel against Conrad, and "by his wisdom and exertions" added Burgundy to the empire.

He became widely known as an earnest and reforming ecclesiastic by the zeal he showed in spreading the rule of the order of Cluny.It was whilst he was bishop that he was saddened by the death not merely of his father and mother, but also of two of his brothers. Amid his trials Bruno found some consolation in music, in which he proved himself very efficient.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Leo IX
العربية: ليون التاسع
Bân-lâm-gú: Kàu-hông Leo 9-sè
беларуская: Леў IX (Папа Рымскі)
български: Лъв IX
brezhoneg: Leon IX
català: Lleó IX
čeština: Lev IX.
Deutsch: Leo IX.
eesti: Leo IX
Ελληνικά: Πάπας Λέων Θ΄
español: León IX
Esperanto: Leono la 9-a
euskara: Leon IX.a
فارسی: لئون نهم
français: Léon IX
Gaeilge: Pápa Leon IX
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Leo 9-sṳ
hrvatski: Lav IX.
Ilokano: Papa Leon IX
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Leo IX
italiano: Papa Leone IX
ქართული: ლეო IX
Kiswahili: Papa Leo IX
Latina: Leo IX
latviešu: Leons IX
lietuvių: Leonas IX
македонски: Папа Лав IX
مازِرونی: لئون نهم
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Leo 9-sié
Nederlands: Paus Leo IX
norsk: Leo IX
polski: Leon IX
português: Papa Leão IX
Runa Simi: Liyun IX
русский: Лев IX
sicilianu: Liuni IX
slovenčina: Lev IX.
slovenščina: Papež Leon IX.
српски / srpski: Папа Лав IX
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lav IX
svenska: Leo IX
Tagalog: Papa Leo IX
Türkçe: IX. Leo
українська: Лев IX (папа)
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Lêô IX
Winaray: Papa Leon IX
Yorùbá: Pópù Leo 9k
粵語: 聖良九世
中文: 利奥九世