Pope Leo IX

Pope Saint

Leo IX
Pope Leo IX.jpg
Papacy began12 February 1049
Papacy ended19 April 1054
PredecessorDamasus II
SuccessorVictor II
Orders
Consecration1026
Personal details
Birth nameBruno von Eguisheim-Dagsburg
Born21 June 1002
Egisheim, Alsace, Duchy of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire
Died19 April 1054(1054-04-19) (aged 51)
Rome, Papal States
Previous postBishop of Toul (1026–49)
Sainthood
Feast day19 April
Venerated inCatholic Church
Canonized1082
by Pope Gregory VII
Attributes
Patronage
Other popes named Leo
Papal styles of
Pope Leo IX
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleSaint

Pope Leo IX (21 June 1002 – 19 April 1054), born Bruno of Egisheim-Dagsburg, was Pope from 12 February 1049 to his death in 1054.[1] He was a German aristocrat and a powerful ruler of central Italy while holding the papacy. He is regarded as a saint by the Catholic Church, his feast day celebrated on 19 April.[2]

Leo IX is widely considered the most historically significant German Pope of the Middle Ages.

Early life

Leo IX portrayed in a contemporary manuscript

He was born to Count Hugh and Heilwig and was a native of Egisheim, Upper Alsace (present day Alsace, France).[3] His family was of noble rank, and his father, Count Hugh, was a cousin of Emperor Conrad II (1024–1039).[4] He was educated at Toul, where he successively became canon and, in 1026, bishop.[5] In the latter capacity he rendered important political services to his relative Conrad II, and afterwards to Emperor Henry III. He became widely known as an earnest and reforming ecclesiastic by the zeal he showed in spreading the rule of the order of Cluny.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Leo IX
العربية: ليون التاسع
Bân-lâm-gú: Kàu-hông Leo 9-sè
беларуская: Леў IX (Папа Рымскі)
български: Лъв IX
brezhoneg: Leon IX
català: Lleó IX
čeština: Lev IX.
Deutsch: Leo IX.
eesti: Leo IX
Ελληνικά: Πάπας Λέων Θ΄
español: León IX
Esperanto: Leono la 9-a
euskara: Leon IX.a
فارسی: لئون نهم
français: Léon IX
Gaeilge: Pápa Leon IX
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Leo 9-sṳ
hrvatski: Lav IX.
Ilokano: Papa Leon IX
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Leo IX
italiano: Papa Leone IX
Basa Jawa: Paus Leo IX
ქართული: ლეო IX
Kiswahili: Papa Leo IX
Latina: Leo IX
latviešu: Leons IX
lietuvių: Leonas IX
македонски: Папа Лав IX
مازِرونی: لئون نهم
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Leo 9-sié
Nederlands: Paus Leo IX
norsk: Leo IX
polski: Leon IX
português: Papa Leão IX
Runa Simi: Liyun IX
русский: Лев IX
sicilianu: Liuni IX
slovenčina: Lev IX.
slovenščina: Papež Leon IX.
српски / srpski: Папа Лав IX
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lav IX
svenska: Leo IX
Tagalog: Papa Leo IX
Türkçe: IX. Leo
українська: Лев IX (папа)
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Lêô IX
Winaray: Papa Leon IX
Yorùbá: Pópù Leo 9k
粵語: 聖良九世
中文: 利奥九世