Pope Alexander VIII


Alexander VIII
Bishop of Rome
Alexander VIII 1.jpg
Papacy began6 October 1689
Papacy ended1 February 1691
PredecessorInnocent XI
SuccessorInnocent XII
Ordinationc. 1630
Consecration27 December 1654
by Marcantonio Bragadin
Created cardinal19 February 1652
by Innocent X
Personal details
Birth namePietro Vito Ottoboni
Born(1610-04-22)22 April 1610
Venice, Republic of Venice
Died1 February 1691(1691-02-01) (aged 80)
Rome, Papal States
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Other popes named Alexander

Pope Alexander VIII (22 April 1610 – 1 February 1691), born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy.


Early life

Pietro Vito Ottoboni was born in 1610 of a noble Venetian family,[1] and was the youngest of nine children of Vittoria Tornielli and Marco Ottoboni, grand chancellor of the Republic of Venice.[2]

His early studies were made with marked brilliance at the University of Padua where, in 1627, he earned a doctorate in canon and civil law. Ottoboni went to Rome during the pontificate of Pope Urban VIII[2] and served as the Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura, and later served as the governor of the cities Terni, Rieti, Citta di Castello and Spoleto. He also served as the auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota.

Episcopate and cardinalate

Pope Innocent X appointed him to the cardinalate and in 1652 at the request of the Venetian government and he was made the Cardinal-Priest of San Salvatore in Lauro. He was appointed as Bishop of Brescia in 1654 and later received episcopal consecration in the church of San Marco in Rome. He would spend a quiet decade in his diocese. He opted to be Cardinal-Priest of San Marco in 1660 and resigned as Bishop of Brescia in 1664. Ottoboni also opted to become Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere in 1677 and later as Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prassede in 1680. He later became the Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina in 1681 and then to Frascati in 1683. His last swap was that of Porto e Santa Rufina in 1687.

Ottoboni was also the Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals from 1687 to his pontifical election.

Other Languages
aragonés: Aleixandre VIII
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аляксандар VIII
български: Александър VIII
brezhoneg: Aleksandr VIII
čeština: Alexandr VIII.
español: Alejandro VIII
français: Alexandre VIII
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Alexander 8-sṳ
hornjoserbsce: Aleksander VIII.
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Aleksander VIII
íslenska: Alexander 8.
latviešu: Aleksandrs VIII
lietuvių: Aleksandras VIII
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Alexander 8-sié
Plattdüütsch: Alexander VIII.
русский: Александр VIII
sicilianu: Alissandru VIII
slovenčina: Alexander VIII.
српски / srpski: Папа Александар VIII
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aleksandar VIII.
Türkçe: VIII. Alexander
українська: Олександр VIII
粵語: 歷山八世
中文: 歷山八世