Popayán

Popayán
City
City Center and Plaza
City Center and Plaza
Flag of Popayán
Flag
Official seal of Popayán
Seal
Nickname(s): "The White City"
Location of the City and municipality of Popayán in the Cauca Department.
Location of the City and municipality of Popayán in the Cauca Department.
Popayán is located in Colombia
Popayán
Popayán
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 2°27′15″N 76°36′33″W / 2°27′15″N 76°36′33″W / 2.45417; -76.60917
Country Colombia
DepartamentoCauca
Founded13 January 1537
Founded bySebastián de Belalcázar
Government
 • MayorCesar Cristian Gómez Castro
(2016-2019)
Area
 • City483.11 km2 (186.53 sq mi)
Elevation1,760 m (5,770 ft)
Population (2017)
 • City439,257 (Metropolitan)
 • Density584.90/km2 (1,514.9/sq mi)
 • Urban252,570
 • Metro282,561
Demonym(s)Payanés
Time zoneUTC-05 (EST)
Postal code190001-19
Area code(s)+2
WebsiteOfficial website

Popayán (Spanish pronunciation: [popaˈʝan]) is the capital of the Colombian department of Cauca. It is located in southwestern Colombia between Colombia's Western Mountain Range and Central Mountain Range. It has a population of 258,653 people,[1] an area of 512 km2, is located 1760 meters above sea level, and has an average temperature of 18 °C.

Popayán downtown ceilings view at night
Popayán evening
Purace volcano

This town is well-known for its colonial architecture and its contributions to Colombian cultural and political life. It is also known as the "white city" due to the color of the most of colonial buildings in the city center, where several churches are located, such as San Francisco, San José, Belén, Santo Domingo, San Agustín, and the Catedral Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, known locally as "La Catedral". The city's cathedral was home to the Crown of the Andes, a 16th-century Marianist devotional object featuring emeralds taken from the captured Inca Emperor Atahualpa. It was sold to finance local health care institutions.

Popayán has been home to seventeen Colombian presidents, as well as noted poets, painters, and composers. The University of Cauca (est. 1827), one of Colombia's oldest and most distinguished institutions of higher education, is located here, so Popayán is also known as the "University City." Nearby is Puracé National Natural Park. The nearest large city is Cali, in the Valle del Cauca Department, north of Cauca.

Much of the city's original splendor was destroyed on 31 March 1983, when an earthquake toppled many buildings. Though many were rebuilt and repaired, the heart of the city still has ruins and empty lots. In 2005, Popayán was declared by the UNESCO as the first city of gastronomy because of its variety and meaning to the intangible patrimony of Colombian culture.[2] The culinary history of the Cauca Department was chosen because it maintains traditional food preparation methods which has been passed down orally for generations. In 2009 UNESCO also declared the Semana Santa processions during Easter Week a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Patrimony of Humanity.[citation needed]

Etymology

The word Popayán comes from an indigenous language. There are different theories about the origin of this word, one claims it means: Po: "Two"; pa: "reed"; yan: "village", or; "Two villages with reed roofs". Another theory says that the word Popayán comes from the name of the indigenous cacique, called Payán, who used to live around Eme Hill, nowadays known as Las Tres Cruces Hill. Yet another theory says that according to the historian Arcecio Aragón, the origin of the word Popayán is "Pampayán" and it comes from the Quechua language: pampa (valley) and yan (river), or in other words, the "Valley of the river", where river refers to the Cauca River.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: بوبايان
български: Попаян
brezhoneg: Popayán
català: Popayán
čeština: Popayán
Deutsch: Popayán
español: Popayán
Esperanto: Popayán
euskara: Popayán
فارسی: پوپایان
français: Popayán
Gàidhlig: Popayán
한국어: 포파얀
Bahasa Indonesia: Popayán
italiano: Popayán
lietuvių: Popajanas
magyar: Popayán
Bahasa Melayu: Popayán
Nederlands: Popayán
日本語: ポパヤン
norsk: Popayán
پنجابی: پوپایان
polski: Popayán
português: Popayán
română: Popayán
Runa Simi: Popayán
русский: Попаян
suomi: Popayán
svenska: Popayán
Tagalog: Popayán
Türkçe: Popayán
українська: Попаян
اردو: پوپایان
Tiếng Việt: Popayán
Volapük: Popayán
Winaray: Popayán
中文: 波帕扬