Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.[4] The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many diverse styles. "Pop" and "rock" were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other.

Although much of the music that appears on record charts is seen as pop music, the genre is distinguished from chart music. Pop music is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other styles such as urban, dance, rock, Latin, and country; nonetheless, there are core elements that define pop music. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a basic format (often the verse-chorus structure), as well as common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes, and hooks.

Definitions and etymology

David Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as "a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, jazz, and folk musics".[5] According to Pete Seeger, pop music is "professional music which draws upon both folk music and fine arts music".[3] Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. The music charts contain songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz, rock, and novelty songs. As a genre, pop music is seen to exist and develop separately.[6] Therefore, the term "pop music" may be used to describe a distinct genre, designed to appeal to all, often characterized as "instant singles-based music aimed at teenagers" in contrast to rock music as "album-based music for adults".[4][8]

Pop music continuously evolves along with the term's definition. According to music writer Bill Lamb, popular music is defined as "the music since industrialization in the 1800s that is most in line with the tastes and interests of the urban middle class."[9] The term "pop song" was first used in 1926, in the sense of a piece of music "having popular appeal".[10] Hatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the 1920s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country, blues, and hillbilly music.[11]

The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that the term "pop" refers to music performed by such artists as the Rolling Stones (pictured here in a 2006 performance)

According to the website of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, the term "pop music" "originated in Britain in the mid-1950s as a description for rock and roll and the new youth music styles that it influenced".[2] The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that while pop's "earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience [...] since the late 1950s, however, pop has had the special meaning of non-classical mus[ic], usually in the form of songs, performed by such artists as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, ABBA, etc."[12] Grove Music Online also states that "[...] in the early 1960s, [the term] 'pop music' competed terminologically with beat music [in England], while in the US its coverage overlapped (as it still does) with that of 'rock and roll'".[2]

From about 1967, the term “pop music” was increasingly used in opposition to the term rock music, a division that gave generic significance to both terms.[13] While rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of popular music,[13] pop was more commercial, ephemeral, and accessible.[14] According to British musicologist Simon Frith, pop music is produced "as a matter of enterprise not art", and is "designed to appeal to everyone" but "doesn't come from any particular place or mark off any particular taste". Frith adds that it is "not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward [...] and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative". It is, "provided from on high (by record companies, radio programmers, and concert promoters) rather than being made from below ... Pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged".[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Popmusiek
Alemannisch: Popmusik
العربية: بوب
aragonés: Musica pop
asturianu: Pop
azərbaycanca: Pop musiqi
বাংলা: পপ সঙ্গীত
Bân-lâm-gú: Pop im-ga̍k
беларуская: Поп-музыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Поп-музыка
български: Поп музика
Boarisch: Popmusi
bosanski: Pop-muzika
català: Música pop
Cebuano: Musikong pop
čeština: Pop music
dansk: Popmusik
Deutsch: Popmusik
eesti: Popmuusika
Ελληνικά: Ποπ μουσική
español: Pop
Esperanto: Pop-muziko
euskara: Pop
Fiji Hindi: Pop music
føroyskt: Popptónleikur
français: Pop (musique)
Frysk: Popmuzyk
Gaeilge: Pop-cheol
Gàidhlig: Pop
galego: Música pop
贛語: 流行音樂
한국어: 팝 음악
hrvatski: Pop
Bahasa Indonesia: Musik pop
interlingua: Musica pop
íslenska: Popptónlist
italiano: Musica pop
ქართული: პოპ-მუსიკა
қазақша: Поп-музыка
Kiswahili: Muziki wa pop
kurdî: Muzîka pop
Кыргызча: Поп-музыка
latviešu: Popmūzika
Lëtzebuergesch: Popmusek
lietuvių: Popmuzika
Limburgs: Popmeziek
la .lojban.: zgirpopu
magyar: Popzene
македонски: Поп-музика
मराठी: पॉप संगीत
მარგალური: პოპ-მუსიკა
Bahasa Melayu: Muzik pop
Nāhuatl: Pop
Nederlands: Popmuziek
नेपाली: पप सङ्गीत
norsk: Popmusikk
norsk nynorsk: Pop
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pop musiqa
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੌਪ ਸੰਗੀਤ
Pangasinan: Pop
پنجابی: پاپ میوزک
Patois: Pap myuuzik
polski: Muzyka pop
português: Música pop
română: Muzică pop
русский: Поп-музыка
Scots: Pop muisic
Seeltersk: Popmusik
shqip: Muzika pop
sicilianu: Mùsica liggera
Simple English: Pop music
slovenščina: Pop glasba
ślůnski: Popowo muzyka
српски / srpski: Поп музика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pop
svenska: Popmusik
Tagalog: Musikang pop
தமிழ்: பரப்பிசை
ไทย: ป็อป
тоҷикӣ: Мусиқии поп
Türkçe: Pop müzik
українська: Поп-музика
Tiếng Việt: Nhạc pop
Võro: Popmuusiga
ייִדיש: פאפ מוזיק
粵語: 波普音樂
Zeêuws: Popmuziek