Pop art

An image of a sexy woman smiles as a revolver aimed at her head goes "Pop!"
Eduardo Paolozzi, I was a Rich Man's Plaything (1947). Part of his Bunk! series, this is considered the initial bearer of "pop art" and the first to display the word "pop".
A plain-looking box with the Campbell's label sits on the ground.
Andy Warhol, Campbell's Tomato Juice Box, 1964. Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on wood, 10 inches × 19 inches × 9½ inches (25.4 × 48.3 × 24.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York City

Pop art is an art movement that emerged in the United Kingdom and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.[1][2] The movement presented a challenge to traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular and mass culture, such as advertising, comic books and mundane cultural objects. One of its aims is to use images of popular (as opposed to elitist) culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any culture, most often through the use of irony.[3] It is also associated with the artists' use of mechanical means of reproduction or rendering techniques. In pop art, material is sometimes visually removed from its known context, isolated, or combined with unrelated material.[2][3]

Among the early artists that shaped the pop art movement were Eduardo Paolozzi and Richard Hamilton in Britain, and Larry Rivers, Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns among others in the United States. Pop art is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionism, as well as an expansion of those ideas.[4] Due to its utilization of found objects and images, it is similar to Dada. Pop art and minimalism are considered to be art movements that precede postmodern art, or are some of the earliest examples of postmodern art themselves.[5]

Pop art often takes imagery that is currently in use in advertising. Product labeling and logos figure prominently in the imagery chosen by pop artists, seen in the labels of Campbell's Soup Cans, by Andy Warhol. Even the labeling on the outside of a shipping box containing food items for retail has been used as subject matter in pop art, as demonstrated by Warhol's Campbell's Tomato Juice Box, 1964 (pictured).

Origins

The origins of pop art in North America developed differently from Great Britain.[3] In the United States, pop art was a response by artists; it marked a return to hard-edged composition and representational art. They used impersonal, mundane reality, irony, and parody to "defuse" the personal symbolism and "painterly looseness" of abstract expressionism.[4][6] In the U.S., some artwork by Larry Rivers, Alex Katz and Man Ray anticipated pop art.[7]

By contrast, the origins of pop art in post-War Britain, while employing irony and parody, were more academic. Britain focused on the dynamic and paradoxical imagery of American pop culture as powerful, manipulative symbolic devices that were affecting whole patterns of life, while simultaneously improving the prosperity of a society.[6] Early pop art in Britain was a matter of ideas fueled by American popular culture when viewed from afar.[4] Similarly, pop art was both an extension and a repudiation of Dadaism.[4] While pop art and Dadaism explored some of the same subjects, pop art replaced the destructive, satirical, and anarchic impulses of the Dada movement with a detached affirmation of the artifacts of mass culture.[4] Among those artists in Europe seen as producing work leading up to pop art are: Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, and Kurt Schwitters.

Proto-pop

Although both British and American pop art began during the 1950s, Marcel Duchamp and others in Europe like Francis Picabia and Man Ray predate the movement; in addition there were some earlier American proto-pop origins which utilized "as found" cultural objects.[4] During the 1920s, American artists Patrick Henry Bruce, Gerald Murphy, Charles Demuth and Stuart Davis created paintings that contained pop culture imagery (mundane objects culled from American commercial products and advertising design), almost "prefiguring" the pop art movement.[8][9]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Pop Art
العربية: فن البوب
asturianu: Arte pop
azərbaycanca: Pop-art
Bân-lâm-gú: Pop gē-su̍t
беларуская: Поп-арт
български: Попарт
bosanski: Pop art
brezhoneg: Pop Art
català: Art popular
čeština: Pop-art
Cymraeg: Celf bop
dansk: Popkunst
Deutsch: Pop Art
eesti: Popkunst
Ελληνικά: Ποπ αρτ
español: Arte pop
Esperanto: Poparto
euskara: Pop Artea
فارسی: هنر پاپ
français: Pop art
Gaeilge: Pop-ealaín
Gàidhlig: Pop-ealain
galego: Arte pop
한국어: 팝 아트
հայերեն: Փոփ արտ
hrvatski: Pop art
italiano: Pop art
עברית: פופ ארט
ქართული: პოპ-არტი
қазақша: Поп-арт
latviešu: Popārts
Lëtzebuergesch: Pop-Art
lietuvių: Popartas
magyar: Pop-art
македонски: Поп-арт
Nederlands: Popart
norsk: Popkunst
norsk nynorsk: Popkunst
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੌਪ ਕਲਾ
پنجابی: پوپ آرٹ
polski: Pop-art
português: Pop art
română: Pop art
русиньскый: Поп-арт
русский: Поп-арт
Seeltersk: Pop Art
sicilianu: Pop art
Simple English: Pop art
slovenčina: Popart
Sranantongo: Pop art
српски / srpski: Поп-арт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pop-art
suomi: Pop-taide
svenska: Popkonst
Türkçe: Pop sanatı
українська: Поп-арт
Tiếng Việt: Pop art
中文: 波普藝術