The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a
shrub or small
tree in the family
Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 8 m (16 and 26 ft) tall.
The fruit is typically in season in the
Northern Hemisphere from September to February,
 and in the
Southern Hemisphere from March to May. As intact
arils or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking, juice blends, meal
alcoholic beverages, such as
The pomegranate originated in the region extending from modern-day
northern India, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the
 It was introduced into
Spanish America in the late 16th century and into
Spanish settlers in 1769.
Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the
Middle East and
Central Asia, the drier parts of
southeast Asia, and parts of the
 It is also cultivated in parts of
Arizona and California.
 In the 20th and 21st centuries, it has become more common in the shops and markets of Europe and the