Pomegranate

Pomegranate
Pomegranate DSW.JPG
Fruit of Punica granatum split open to reveal the clusters of juicy, gem-like seeds on the inside.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Lythraceae
Genus: Punica
Species: P. granatum
Binomial name
Punica granatum
L.
Synonyms
  • Punica florida Salisb.
  • Punica grandiflora hort. ex Steud.
  • Punica nana L.
  • Punica spinosa Lam. [1]
Young pomegranate trees

The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 8 m (16 and 26 ft) tall.

The fruit is typically in season in the Northern Hemisphere from September to February, [2] and in the Southern Hemisphere from March to May. As intact arils or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.

The pomegranate originated in the region extending from modern-day Iran through Afghanistan and Pakistan to northern India, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region. [3] It was introduced into Spanish America in the late 16th century and into California by Spanish settlers in 1769. [3] Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the Middle East and Caucasus region, north and tropical Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, the drier parts of southeast Asia, and parts of the Mediterranean Basin. [3] It is also cultivated in parts of Arizona and California. [4] In the 20th and 21st centuries, it became more common in the commercial markets of Europe and the Western Hemisphere. [3] [4]

Etymology

An opened pomegranate

The name pomegranate derives from medieval Latin pōmum "apple" and grānātum "seeded". [5] Possibly stemming from the old French word for the fruit, pomme-grenade, the pomegranate was known in early English as "apple of Grenada"—a term which today survives only in heraldic blazons. This is a folk etymology, confusing the Latin granatus with the name of the Spanish city of Granada, which derives from Arabic. [6]

Garnet derives from Old French grenat by metathesis, from Medieval Latin granatum as used in a different meaning "of a dark red color". This derivation may have originated from pomum granatum, describing the color of pomegranate pulp, or from granum, referring to "red dye, cochineal". [7]

The French term for pomegranate, grenade, has given its name to the military grenade. [8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Granaat (vrug)
አማርኛ: ሩማን
العربية: رمان
aragonés: Punica granatum
asturianu: Punica granatum
azərbaycanca: Nar
বাংলা: বেদানা
беларуская: Гранат звычайны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гранат
भोजपुरी: अनार
български: Нар
bosanski: Šipak
català: Magraner
Cymraeg: Grawnafal
Deutsch: Granatapfel
Ελληνικά: Ροδιά
español: Punica granatum
Esperanto: Granatujo
euskara: Mingranondo
فارسی: انار
français: Grenadier commun
galego: Milgrandeira
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sa̍k-liù
한국어: 석류나무
Հայերեն: Նուռ
hornjoserbsce: Wšědny granatowc
hrvatski: Zrnati mogranj
Bahasa Indonesia: Delima
íslenska: Granatepli
italiano: Punica granatum
Basa Jawa: Delima
ಕನ್ನಡ: ದಾಳಿಂಬೆ
ქართული: ბროწეული
қазақша: Анар
Kiswahili: Mkomamanga
Kurdî: Hinar
Ladino: Nar
latviešu: Granātābols
magyar: Gránátalma
मैथिली: अनार
македонски: Калинка
മലയാളം: മാതളനാരകം
مازِرونی: انار
Bahasa Melayu: Delima
монгол: Анар
Nāhuatl: Ezxocotl
Nederlands: Granaatappel
日本語: ザクロ
norsk: Granateple
norsk nynorsk: Granateple
پښتو: انار
português: Romã
română: Rodie
Runa Simi: Apinkuya
संस्कृतम्: दाडिमफलम्
shqip: Shega
sicilianu: Punica granatum
Simple English: Pomegranate
کوردی: ھەنار
српски / srpski: Нар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šipak
Basa Sunda: Dalima
svenska: Granatäpple
தமிழ்: மாதுளை
తెలుగు: దానిమ్మ
lea faka-Tonga: Pomikanite
Türkçe: Nar
Türkmençe: Nar
українська: Гранат звичайний
اردو: انار
vèneto: Malgaragno
Tiếng Việt: Lựu
ייִדיש: מילגרוים
粵語: 石榴
中文: 石榴