Playwright

A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.

Etymology

The term is not a variant spelling of the common misspelling "playwrite": the word wright is an archaic English term for a craftsman or builder (as in a wheelwright or cartwright). Hence the prefix and the suffix combine to indicate someone who has "wrought" words, themes, and other elements into a dramatic form - someone who crafts plays. The homophone with "write" is entirely coincidental.

The first written record of the term "playwright" is from 1605,[1] 73 years before the first written record of the term "dramatist".[2] It appears to have been first used in a pejorative sense by Ben Jonson[3] to suggest a mere tradesman fashioning works for the theatre. Jonson described himself as a poet, not a playwright, since plays during that time were written in meter and so were regarded as the province of poets. This view was held as late as the early 19th century. The term "playwright" later again lost this negative connotation.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Dramatiker
العربية: كاتب مسرحي
aragonés: Dramaturgo
asturianu: Dramaturgu
azərbaycanca: Dramaturq
বাংলা: নাট্যকার
Bân-lâm-gú: Kio̍k-chok-ka
беларуская: Драматург
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Драматург
български: Драматург
Boarisch: Dramatiker
bosanski: Dramaturg
Чӑвашла: Драматурги
čeština: Dramatik
Cymraeg: Dramodydd
dansk: Dramatiker
Deutsch: Dramatiker
español: Dramaturgo
Esperanto: Dramaturgo
euskara: Dramagile
français: Dramaturge
galego: Dramaturgo
한국어: 극작가
हिन्दी: नाटककार
hrvatski: Dramski pisac
interlingua: Dramaturgo
íslenska: Leikskáld
italiano: Drammaturgo
עברית: מחזאי
ქართული: დრამატურგი
Кыргызча: Драматург
latviešu: Dramaturgs
magyar: Drámaíró
मराठी: नाटककार
მარგალური: დრამატურგი
Bahasa Melayu: Pengarang lakon
Nederlands: Toneelschrijver
नेपाली: नाटककार
日本語: 劇作家
norsk: Dramatiker
norsk nynorsk: Dramatikar
occitan: Dramaturg
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dramaturg
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਟਕਕਾਰ
română: Dramaturg
русский: Драматург
Scots: Playwricht
shqip: Dramaturg
Simple English: Playwright
slovenčina: Dramatik
српски / srpski: Драматург
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dramski pisac
svenska: Dramatiker
татарча/tatarça: Драматурглар
українська: Драматург
vèneto: Dramaturgo
Tiếng Việt: Nhà viết kịch
Winaray: Dramaturgo
ייִדיש: דראמאטורג
中文: 剧作家