PlayStation Portable

PlayStation Portable
PSP Logo.svg
Psp-1000.jpg
Logo and original model of the PSP
DeveloperSony Computer Entertainment
ManufacturerSony
Product familyPlayStation
TypeHandheld game console
GenerationSeventh generation
Release date
  • JP: December 12, 2004
  • NA: March 24, 2005
  • BR: March 24, 2005
  • INA: March 24, 2005
  • EU: September 1, 2005
  • AS: September 1, 2005
  • AF: September 1, 2005
  • AU: September 1, 2005
Lifespan2004–2014
Discontinued
  • NA: January 2014
  • JP: June 2014
  • PAL: December 2014
Units soldWorldwide: 80–82 million[1][2][3]
MediaUMD, digital distribution
Operating systemPlayStation Portable system software
CPU20-333 MHz MIPS R4000
Memory32 MB (PSP-1000); 64 MB (2000, 3000, Go, E1000)
StorageMemory Stick Duo, Memory Stick PRO Duo
PSP Go: Memory Stick Micro (M2) and 16 GB flash memory
Display480 × 272 pixels with 24-bit color, 30:17 widescreen TFT LCD
PSP Go: 3.8 in (97 mm)
other models: 4.3 in (110 mm)
SoundStereo speakers, mono speaker (PSP-E1000), microphone (PSP-3000, PSP Go), 3.5 mm headphone jack
ConnectivityWi-Fi (802.11b) (except PSP-E1000), IrDA (PSP-1000), USB, Bluetooth (PSP Go)
Online servicesPlayStation Network
DimensionsPSP-1000:
2.9 in (74 mm) (h)
6.7 in (170 mm) (w)
0.91 in (23 mm) (d)
PSP2000/3000:
2.8 in (71 mm) (h)
6.7 in (169 mm) (w)
0.75 in (19 mm) (d)
PSP Go:
2.7 in (69 mm) (h)
5.0 in (128 mm) (w)
0.65 in (16.5 mm) (d)
PSP E1000:
2.9 in (73 mm) (h)
6.8 in (172 mm) (w)
0.85 in (21.5 mm) (d)
MassPSP1000:
9.9 ounces (280 g)
PSP2000/3000:
6.7 ounces (189 g)
PSP Go:
5.6 ounces (158 g)
PSP E1000:
7.9 ounces (223 g)
Best-selling gameGrand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories (7.6 million) (as of October 2015)[citation needed]
Backward
compatibility
PS one (download only)
SuccessorPlayStation Vita

The PlayStation Portable[a] (PSP) is a handheld game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment as part of the seventh generation of video-game consoles. Development of the handheld console was announced during E3 2003 and it was unveiled on May 11, 2004, at a Sony press conference before the next E3. The system was released in Japan on December 12, 2004; in North America on March 24, 2005; and in the PAL region on September 1, 2005. It competed with the Nintendo DS.

The PSP was the most powerful portable console when it was introduced. It was the first real competitor of Nintendo's handheld consoles after many challengers, such as SNK's Neo Geo Pocket and Nokia's N-Gage, had failed. Its advanced graphics made the PSP a popular mobile-entertainment device, which can connect to the PlayStation 2 (PS2) and PlayStation 3 (PS3) games consoles, computers running Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh software, other PSP systems and the Internet. The PSP is the only handheld console to use an optical disc format – Universal Media Disc (UMD) – as its primary storage medium. It was received positively by most video-game critics and sold 76 million units by 2012.

Several models of the console were released. The PSP line was succeeded by the PlayStation Vita, which was released in December 2011 in Japan and worldwide in February 2012. The Vita has backward compatibility with many PSP games that were released on the PlayStation Network through the PlayStation Store, which became the main method of purchasing PSP games after Sony shut down access to the PlayStation Store from the PSP system on March 31, 2016. Hardware shipments ended worldwide in 2014; the PSP sold 80 million units during its 10-year lifetime. Production of UMDs ended when the last Japanese factory making them closed in late 2016.

History

Sony Computer Entertainment first announced development of the PlayStation Portable at a press conference preceding E3 2003.[4] Although samples were not presented,[4] Sony released extensive technical details.[5] CEO Ken Kutaragi called the device the "Walkman of the 21st century"; a reference to the console's multimedia capabilities.[6] Several gaming websites were impressed with the handheld's computing capabilities and looked forward to its potential as a gaming platform.[7][4][8]

In the 1990s, Nintendo had dominated the handheld market since launching its Game Boy in 1989, experiencing close competition only from Bandai's WonderSwan (1999–2003) in Japan and Sega's Game Gear (1990-2001).[9] In January 1999, Sony had released the briefly successful PocketStation in Japan as its first foray into the handheld gaming market.[10] The SNK Neo Geo Pocket and Nokia's N-Gage also failed to cut into Nintendo's share.[11] According to an IDC analyst in 2004, the PSP was the "first legitimate competitor to Nintendo's dominance in the handheld market".[12]

The first concept images of the PSP appeared in November 2003 at a Sony corporate strategy meeting and showed it having flat buttons and no analog joystick.[13] Although some reviewers expressed concern about the lack of an analog stick,[14] these fears were allayed when the PSP was officially unveiled at the Sony press conference during E3 2004.[15][16] Sony released a list of 99 developer companies that pledged support for the new handheld.[17] Several game demos such as Konami's Metal Gear Acid and SCE Studio Liverpool's Wipeout Pure were also shown at the conference.[18]

Launch

On October 17, 2004, Sony announced that the PSP base model would be launched in Japan on December 12 that year for ¥19,800 (about US$181 in 2004) while the Value System would launch for ¥24,800 (about US$226).[19] The launch was a success; more than 200,000 units were sold on the first day.[20] Color variations were sold in bundle packs that cost around $200. Sony announced on February 3, 2005, that the PSP would go on sale in North America on March 24 in one configuration for an MSRP of US$249/CA$299.[21] Some commentators expressed concern over the high price,[22] which was almost US$20 higher than that of the Japanese model and more than $100 higher than the Nintendo DS.[23] Despite these concerns, the PSP's North American launch was a success.[24][25] Sony said 500,000 units were sold in the first two days,[26] though it was also reported that this figure was below expectations.[27]

The PSP was originally intended to have a simultaneous PAL region and North American launch,[16] but on March 15, 2005, Sony announced that the PAL region launch would be delayed because of high demand for the console in Japan and North America.[28] The next month it announced that the PSP would be launched in the PAL region on September 1, 2005, for €249/£179.[29] Sony defended the high price by saying North American consumers had to pay local sales taxes and that the Value Added Tax (sales tax) was higher in the UK than the US.[30] Despite the high price, the console's PAL region launch was a success, selling more than 185,000 units in the UK.[31] All stock of the PSP in the UK sold out within three hours of launch, more than doubling the previous first-day sales record of 87,000 units set by the Nintendo DS. The system also enjoyed great success in other areas of the PAL region; more than 25,000 units were pre-ordered in Australia[32] and nearly one million units were sold across Europe in the first week.[33]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sony PsP
български: PSP
Ελληνικά: PlayStation Portable
Bahasa Indonesia: PlayStation Portable
ქართული: PlayStation Portable
მარგალური: PSP
Bahasa Melayu: PlayStation Portable
русский: PlayStation Portable
Simple English: PlayStation Portable
slovenščina: PlayStation Portable
українська: PlayStation Portable
Tiếng Việt: PlayStation Portable
文言: 掌上戲驛