Piccadilly Circus tube station

Piccadilly Circus London Underground
Piccadilly Circus station in London Underground.png
Piccadilly Circus is located in Central London
Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
Location of Piccadilly Circus in Central London
LocationPiccadilly Circus
Local authorityCity of Westminster
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms4
Fare zone1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Decrease 41.70 million[1]
2014Increase 42.93 million[1]
2015Decrease 42.80 million[1]
2016Decrease 41.29 million[1]
2017Decrease 40.82 million[1]
Key dates
1906Opened
Listed status
Listing gradeII
Entry number1226877[2]
Added to list07 March 1984
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS8451°30′36″N 0°08′02″W / 51°30′36″N 0°08′02″W / 51.5101; -0.1340
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Piccadilly Circus is a London Underground station located directly beneath Piccadilly Circus itself, with entrances at every corner. Located in Travelcard Zone 1, the station is on the Piccadilly line between Green Park and Leicester Square and on the Bakerloo line between Charing Cross and Oxford Circus.

History

The station was opened on 10 March 1906 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo line) with the platforms of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (now the Piccadilly line) being opened on 15 December 1906.[3] As originally built it had, like other stations, a surface booking hall (designed, like many in central London built at that time, by Leslie Green). The development of traffic before and after World War I meant that the need for improved station facilities was acute – in 1907 1.5 million passengers used the station, by 1922 it had grown to 18 million passengers.[4] It was decided to construct a sub-surface booking hall and circulating area, which would also provide public pedestrian subways. Work began in February 1925 and was completed in 1928. The architect was Charles Holden and the builder was John Mowlem & Co: the whole complex cost more than half-a-million pounds. Eleven escalators were provided in two flights, leading to the two lines serving the station. Above these escalators was once a mural by artist Stephen Bone, showing the world with London at its centre.[5] This mural was later replaced by advertising.

The circular station concourse below the Circus

The old station building designed by Leslie Green finally closed for traffic on 21 July 1929,[6] it was demolished in the 1980s when the large building on the corner of Jermyn Street, Piccadilly and Haymarket was constructed.

The Bakerloo line platforms at Piccadilly Circus offer a unique view on the network: the back to back layout is itself unusual, but the single tunnel containing a crossover at the north end of the station allows passengers to see both platforms at once. This station can act as an intermediate terminus for southbound Bakerloo line trains. Piccadilly Circus is one of the few London Underground stations which have no associated buildings above ground.

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