## Physical cosmology |

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Physical cosmology | ||||
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**Physical cosmology** is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the ^{[1]} ^{[2]} however, most cosmologists agree that the Big Bang theory explains the observations better.

Dramatic advances in observational cosmology since the 1990s, including the ^{[3]}

Cosmology draws heavily on the work of many disparate areas of research in theoretical and applied

- subject history
- energy of the cosmos
- history of the universe
- areas of study
- see also
- references
- further reading
- external links

Modern cosmology developed along tandem tracks of theory and observation. In 1916, Albert Einstein published his theory of ^{[4]} At the time, Einstein believed in a ^{[5]} This is because masses distributed throughout the universe gravitationally attract, and move toward each other over time.^{[6]} However, he realized that his equations permitted the introduction of a constant term which could counteract the attractive force of gravity on the cosmic scale. Einstein published his first paper on relativistic cosmology in 1917, in which he added this * cosmological constant* to his field equations in order to force them to model a static universe.

In the 1910s, ^{[12]}^{[13]} However, it is difficult to determine the distance to astronomical objects. One way is to compare the physical size of an object to its ^{[14]}—which was later called the ^{[15]} This fact is now known as

Given the ^{[16]}^{[17]}

For a number of years, support for these theories was evenly divided. However, the observational evidence began to support the idea that the universe evolved from a hot dense state. The discovery of the cosmic microwave background in 1965 lent strong support to the Big Bang model,^{[17]} and since the precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background by the ^{[18]}

An alternative view to extend the Big Bang model, suggesting the universe had no beginning or singularity and the age of the universe is infinite, has been presented.^{[19]}^{[20]}^{[21]}

Other Languages

Afrikaans: Fisiese kosmologie

العربية: علم الكون الفيزيائي

asturianu: Cosmoloxía física

বাংলা: ভৌত বিশ্বতত্ত্ব

भोजपुरी: भौतिक ब्रह्मांड बिज्ञान

Boarisch: Kosmologie

català: Cosmologia física

Deutsch: Kosmologie

Ελληνικά: Φυσική κοσμολογία

español: Cosmología física

euskara: Kosmologia fisiko

فارسی: کیهانشناسی فیزیکی

français: Cosmologie physique

galego: Cosmoloxía física

한국어: 물리 우주론

עברית: מבנה היקום

ქართული: ფიზიკური კოსმოლოგია

lietuvių: Visatos evoliucija

മലയാളം: ഭൗതിക പ്രപഞ്ചശാസ്ത്രം

مصرى: علم الكون الفيزيائى

Bahasa Melayu: Fizik kosmologi

монгол: Физик космологи

Nederlands: Fysische kosmologie

日本語: 現代宇宙論

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਭੌਤਿਕੀ ਬ੍ਰਹਿਮੰਡ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ

Patois: Fizikal kazmalaji

polski: Kosmologia fizyczna

português: Cosmologia física

русский: Физическая космология

shqip: Kozmologjia fizike

Simple English: Physical cosmology

svenska: Fysikalisk kosmologi

Türkçe: Fiziksel kozmoloji

українська: Фізична космологія

اردو: طبیعی علم الکائنات

Tiếng Việt: Vũ trụ học vật lý

中文: 物理宇宙学