Philadelphia Phillies

Philadelphia Phillies
2019 Philadelphia Phillies season
Established in 1883
Based in Philadelphia since 1883
New Phillies logo.pngPhiladelphia Phillies Insignia.svg
Team logoCap insignia
Major league affiliations


Current uniform
MLB-NLE-PHI-Uniform.png
Retired numbers
Colors
  • Red, blue, white[1][2]
                  
Name
  • Philadelphia Phillies (1890–present)
  • Philadelphia Quakers/Phillies (18841889)
  • Philadelphia Quakers (1883)
Other nicknames
  • The Phils, The Fightin' Phils, The Fightins [3][4]
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (2)
NL Pennants (7)
East Division titles (11)
Front office
Owner(s)Phillies limited partnership (John S. Middleton (Principal Owner),[5] Jim & Pete Buck, Pat Gillick)[6]
ManagerGabe Kapler
General ManagerMatt Klentak
President of Baseball OperationsAndy MacPhail

The Philadelphia Phillies are a professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, USA. The Phillies compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the National League (NL) East division. Since 2004, the team's home has been Citizens Bank Park, located in South Philadelphia. The Phillies are the oldest, continuous, one-name, one-city franchise in American professional sports.

The Phillies have won two World Series championships (against the Kansas City Royals in 1980 and the Tampa Bay Rays in 2008) and seven National League pennants, the first of which came in 1915. Since the first modern World Series was played in 1903, the Phillies played 77 consecutive seasons (and 97 seasons from the club's establishment) before they won their first World Series—longer than any other of the 16 teams that made up the major leagues for the first half of the 20th century. They are one of the more successful franchises since the start of the Divisional Era in Major League Baseball. The Phillies have won their division 11 times, which ranks 6th among all teams and 4th in the National League, including five consecutive division titles from 2007 to 2011.

The franchise was founded in Philadelphia in 1883, replacing the team from Worcester, Massachusetts in the National League. The team has played at several stadiums in the city, beginning with Recreation Park and continuing at Baker Bowl; Shibe Park, which was later renamed Connie Mack Stadium in honor of the longtime Philadelphia Athletics manager; Veterans Stadium, and now Citizens Bank Park.

The team's spring training facilities are located in Clearwater, Florida, where its Class-A minor league affiliate Clearwater Threshers plays at Spectrum Field. Another Class-A, affiliate, the Lakewood BlueClaws play in Lakewood, New Jersey. The Phillies' Double-A affiliate is the Reading Fightin Phils, which play in Reading, Pennsylvania. The Triple-A affiliate is the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, playing in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

History

Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889)

In 1883, sporting goods manufacturer Al Reach (a pioneering professional baseball player) and attorney John Rogers won an expansion National League franchise for Philadelphia, one of what is now known as the "Classic Eight" of the National League. They were awarded a spot in the league to replace the Worcester Brown Stockings, a franchise that had folded in 1882. The new team was nicknamed the "Quakers", and immediately compiled a .173 winning percentage, which is still the worst in franchise history. Although many sources (including the Phillies themselves) claim that Reach and Rogers bought the Brown Stockings and moved them to Philadelphia, all available evidence suggests this is not the case. Significantly, no players from Worcester[7] ended up with the 1883 Quakers.[8]

In 1884, Harry Wright, the former manager of baseball's first openly professional team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was recruited as a manager in hopes of reversing the team's fortunes. Also in 1884, the team changed its name to the "Philadelphians", as it was common for baseball teams in that era to be named after their cities (for instance, the "Bostons" and "New Yorks"). However, as "Philadelphians" was somewhat hard to fit in newspaper headlines, some writers still continued to call them the "Quakers" while others began shortening the name to "Phillies."[9]

Baker Bowl, home of the Phillies from 1887 to 1938

In 1887, the team began to play at the newly constructed Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds, later renamed National League Park. The stadium would eventually become known as Baker Bowl. Despite a general improvement from their dismal beginnings, they never seriously contended for the title.

Becoming the Phillies (1890-1900)

The nickname "Phillies" first appeared in the Philadelphia Inquirer for April 3, 1883, in the paper's coverage of an exhibition game by the new National League club. At some point in the 1880s, the team accepted the shorter nickname "Phillies" as an official nickname. "Quakers" continued to be used interchangeably with "Phillies" until 1890, when the team officially became known as the "Phillies." This name is one of the longest continually used nicknames in professional sports by a team in the same city.[10]

The standout players of the franchise in the era were Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, and Ed Delahanty, who in 1896 set the major-league record (since tied by several others) with 4 home runs in a single game. Due to growing disagreements about the direction of the team, Reach sold his interest to Rogers in 1899.[9]

First NL Pennant (1901-1917)

With the birth of the more lucrative American League (AL) in 1901, the Phillies saw many of their better players defect to the upstart, including a number of players who ended up playing for their crosstown rivals, the Athletics, owned by former Phillies minority owner Benjamin Shibe. While their former teammates would thrive (the AL's first five batting champions were former Phillies), the remaining squad fared dismally, finishing forty six games out of first place in 1902—the first of three straight years finishing either seventh or eighth.

To add tragedy to folly, a balcony collapsed during a game at the Baker Bowl in 1903, killing twelve and injuring hundreds. Rogers was forced to sell the Phillies to avoid being ruined by an avalanche of lawsuits.[9] In 1904 the team finished with a record of 52-100, making them the first team in franchise history to have lost 100 games.

Grover Cleveland Alexander, Phillies pitcher from 1911 to 1917 and 1930

The Phillies won their first pennant in 1915 thanks to the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander and the batting prowess of Gavvy Cravath, who set the major-league single-season record for home runs with 24. They finished the season with a record of 90-62, seven games ahead of the Boston Braves. The Philles went up against the Boston Red Sox in the World Series, opening the series at home with a victory. The Phillies struggled against a strong Red Sox pitching lineup and surrendered the next four games, losing the series four games to one.

The team continued to dominate the National League in 1916 but fell short of a capturing a second consecutive pennant. The team finished two and a half games out of first place with a record of 91-62. Alexander won his second consecutive triple crown and posted 16 shutouts, tying the single season major league record.

In 1917 Alexander had been traded away when owner William Baker refused to increase his salary. Baker was known for running the Phillies very cheaply; for instance, during much of his tenure, there was only one scout in the entire organization. The Phillies finished the 1917 season in second place with a record of 87-65, ten games behind the New York Giants (baseball team).

Gavvy Cravath, Phillies right fielder/manager 1912 to 1920

Unsuccessful years (1918-1948)

The effect of the Alexander trade was immediate. In 1918, only three years after winning the pennant, the Phillies finished sixth, thirteen games under .500. It was the start of one of the longest streaks of futility in baseball history. From 1918 to 1948, the Phillies had only one winning record Which came in 1932. The team finished no higher than sixth twice, and were never a serious factor past June. During this stretch, they finished eighth (last place) a total of 17 times and seventh 7 times. This saddled the franchise with a reputation for failure that dogged it for many years. The team's primary stars during the 1920s and 1930s were outfielders Cy Williams, Lefty O'Doul, and Chuck Klein, who won the Triple Crown in 1933.

Baker died in 1930. He left half his estate to his wife and the other half to longtime team secretary Mae Mallen. Five years earlier, Mallen had married leather goods and shoe dealer Gerald Nugent. With the support of Baker's widow, Nugent became team president. Baker's widow died in 1932, leaving Nugent in complete control.[9] Unlike Baker, Nugent badly wanted to build a winning team. However, he didn't have the financial means to do so. He was forced to trade what little talent the team had to make ends meet, and often had to use some creative financial methods to even field a team at all.[11]

Shibe Park/Connie Mack Stadium, home of the Phillies from 1938 to 1970

Philadelphia's cozy Baker Bowl proved to be a fertile hitting ground for Phillies opponents as well, and in 1930, the team surrendered 1199 runs, a major-league record still standing today. Once considered one of the finest parks in baseball, it was not well maintained from the 1910s onward. For instance, until 1925 the Phillies used a flock of sheep to trim the grass. Fans were often showered with rust whenever one of Klein's home runs hit girders. The entire right field grandstand collapsed in 1926, forcing the Phillies to move to the A's Shibe Park (five blocks west on Lehigh Avenue from Baker Bowl) for 1927.

The Phillies tried to move to Shibe Park on a permanent basis as tenants of the A's. However, Baker Bowl's owner, Charles W. Murphy, refused to let the Phillies out of their lease at first. He finally relented in 1938, and only then because the city threatened to condemn the dilapidated park. Despite the move, attendance rarely topped 3,000 a game.

The lowest point came in 1941, when the Phillies finished with a 43–111 record, setting a franchise record for losses in a season. A year later, they needed an advance from the league just to go to spring training. Nugent realized he didn't have enough money to operate the team in 1943, and put it up for sale.

After lumber baron William D. Cox purchased the team in 1943, the Phillies rose out of last place for the first time in five years. As a result, the fan base and attendance at home games increased. Eventually, Cox revealed that he had been betting on the Phillies, and he was banned from baseball. The new owner, Bob Carpenter Sr., scion of the Delaware-based DuPont family, tried to polish the team's image and way of doing business. Carpenter named his son, Bob Carpenter, Jr., team president. They wanted to shed the image of failure by unofficially changing the team name to the "Bluejays." However, the new moniker did not take, and it was quietly dropped by 1949.[12]

"Whiz Kids" (1949–1961)

Like Cox, Bob Carpenter, Jr. wasn't afraid to spend the money it took to build a contender. He immediately started signing young players and invested even more money in the farm system.

Phillies primary logo used from 1950 to 1969

The Phillies quickly developed a solid core of young players, known as the "Whiz Kids", that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburn and Robin Roberts. This coincided with the final collapse of the A's. Philadelphia had been an "A's town" for most of the first half of the 20th century. Even though the A's had fielded teams as bad or worse than the Phillies for most of the time since the 1930s, the A's continued to trounce the Phillies at the gate. However, a series of poor baseball and business decisions on the A's part allowed the Phillies to win the hearts of Philadelphia's long-suffering fans.

Richie "Whitey" Ashburn, Phillies center fielder from 1948 to 1959

Things started coming together for the Phillies in 1949, when they rocketed up the standings to third place with a 81–73 record. Although the season had essentially been a two-team race between Brooklyn and St. Louis, it was still the Phillies first appearance in the first division in 31 years. It was also a fitting tribute to Bob Carpenter, Sr., who had died in June and left Bob, Jr. in full control of the team.

Robin Roberts, Phillies pitcher from 1948 to 1961

Although the Phillies led the National League standings for most of the 1950 season, a late-season tailspin (triggered by the loss of starting pitcher Curt Simmons to National Guard service) caused the team to lose the next eight of ten games. On the last day of the season, the Phillies hung onto a one-game lead when Dick Sisler’s dramatic tenth inning home run against the Brooklyn Dodgers clinched the Phils' first pennant in 35 years. In the World Series, exhausted from their late-season plunge and victims of poor luck, the Phillies were swept by the New York Yankees in four straight games. Nonetheless, this appearance cemented the Phillies status as the city's favorite team.

In contrast, the Philadelphia Athletics finished last in 1950, and longtime manager Connie Mack retired. The team struggled on for four more years with only one winning season before abandoning Philadelphia under the Johnson brothers, who bought out Mack. They began play in Kansas City in 1955.[13] As part of the deal selling that team to the Johnson brothers, the Phillies bought Shibe Park, where both teams had played since 1938.[14] Many thought that the "Whiz Kids", with a young core of talented players, would be a force in the league for years to come.[15][16] However, the team finished with a 73–81 record in1951 and finished nine and a half games out of first place in 1952, with a 87-67 record. The Phillies managed to end up in third place in 1953 with a 83-71 record, however, they would fail to break .500 from 1954 to 1957.

Things became apparent that the flash and determination of the Whiz Kids would not return when the team finished last place in the National League from 1958 to 1961. Manager Eddie Sawyer abruptly quit the team after the season opener in 1960, and was replaced by Gene Mauch.

The team’s competitive futility was highlighted by a record that still stands: in 1961, the Phillies lost 23 games in a row, the worst losing streak in the majors since 1900.

Johnny Callison, Phillies right fielder from 1960 to 1969

From North to South (1962-1973)

Things started to turn around for the team in 1962 when the team finished above .500 for the first time in five years. Gene Mauch was named National League Manager of the Year that season and won it again in 1964. The team improved in 1963 when the team finished the season with a 87-75 record. There was confidence that the team would soon become contenders for a return to the World Series.

Dick Allen, Phillies third baseman/outfielder from 1963 to 1969

“Phold of ’64”

Though Ashburn and Roberts were gone, the 1964 Phillies still had younger pitchers Art Mahaffey, Chris Short, and rookie Ray Culp; veterans Jim Bunning and screwballer Jack Baldschun; and fan favorites Cookie Rojas, Johnny Callison, and NL Rookie of the Year Dick Allen. The team was 90–60 on September 20, good enough for a lead of 6.5 games in the pennant race with 12 games to play. However, the Phillies lost 10 games in a row and finished one game out of first, losing the pennant to the St. Louis Cardinals. The "Phold of '64" is frequently mentioned as the worst collapse in sports history.[17]

One highlight of the 1964 season occurred on Father's Day, when Jim Bunning pitched a perfect game against the New York Mets, the first in Phillies history.[18]

For the rest of the decade, the team would finish no higher than fourth place in the NL standings which came during the 1966 season. For the 1969 season, the Phillies would finish fifth the in the newly created NL East Division, with a record of 63-99 and again in 1970, with a record of 73-88.

Move to South Philadelphia

By the late 1950s, Carpenter decided that the Phillies needed a new home. He never wanted to buy Connie Mack Stadium in the first place, and was now convinced there was no way he could make money playing there. He sold the park to Philadelphia Eagles owner Jerry Wolman in 1964, taking a one million-dollar loss on his purchase of just 10 years earlier. The stadium was deteriorating and there was inadequate parking. Attendance began to drop by 1967 and the team started to plan for a new stadium.

The Phillies remained at Connie Mack Stadium until 1970. In the last game played there, the Phillies avoided last place by beating the Expos 2–1. When the game was finished several fans in attendance began to remove items from the ballpark, such as chairs, outfield panels and baseball equipment from the dugouts.

Veterans Stadium, home of the Phillies from 1971 to 2003

The Phillies opened the new Veterans Stadium in 1971, wearing new maroon uniforms to accentuate the change. The stadium was built in South Philadelphia, making it the first time the team would not be located in North Philadelphia. The new stadium along with nearby John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) and the Spectrum (arena), established the South Philadelphia Sports Complex.

Pitcher Rick Wise hurled a no-hitter and in the same game hit two home runs against the Cincinnati Reds in 1971. That same season, Harry Kalas joined the Phillies broadcasting team.

In 1972, the Phillies were the worst team in baseball, but newly acquired Steve Carlton won nearly half their games (27 of 59 team wins) and was awarded his first NL Cy Young Award and won it again in 1977. Bob Carpenter, Jr. retired in 1972 and passed the team ownership to his son Ruly.

Phillies cap insignia from 1970 to 1991

Glory days (1974–1984)

The Phillies achieved some success in the mid-1970s. With such players as Carlton, third baseman Mike Schmidt, shortstop Larry Bowa, and outfielder Greg Luzinski, the Phillies won three straight division titles (1976–78). However, they fell short in the NLCS, against the Reds in 1976 and the Dodgers in 1977 and 1978. In 1979, the Phillies acquired Pete Rose, the spark that would put them over the top.

Mike Schmidt, Phillies third baseman from 1972 to 1989

World Series Champions (1980)

The Phillies won the NL East in 1980, but to win the league championship, they would have to defeat the Houston Astros. In a memorable NLCS, with 4 of the 5 games needing extra innings, they fell behind 2–1 but battled back to squeeze past the Astros on a tenth-inning game-winning hit by center fielder Garry Maddox, and the city celebrated its first NL pennant in 30 years.[19] The entire series saw only one home run hit, a game-winning two-run home run by Phillies slugger Greg Luzinski in the Phillies' opening 3–1 win in Game 1 at Philadelphia.

Steve Carlton, Phillies pitcher from 1972 to 1986

Facing the Kansas City Royals in the 1980 World Series, the Phillies won their first World Series championship ever in six games thanks to the timely hitting of Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose. Schmidt, who was the National League MVP that 1980 season, also won the World Series MVP award on the strength of his 8-for-21 hitting (.381 average), including game-winning hits in Game 2 and the clinching Game 6. This final game was also significant because it remains "the most-watched game in World Series history" with a television audience of 54.9 million viewers.[20] Thus, the Phillies became the last of the 16 teams that made up the major leagues from 1901 to 1961 to win a World Series.[21] Carlton captured his third NL Cy Young Award with a record of 24–9.

After their series win, Ruly Carpenter, who was given control of the team in 1972 when his father stepped down as team president, sold the team for $32.5 million in 1981 to a group that was headed by longtime Phillies executive Bill Giles.

The Phillies would return to the playoffs in 1981, which was split in half due to a players' strike. In five games, they were defeated in the first-ever National League Division Series by the Montreal Expos. Mike Schmidt won his second consecutive NL MVP award that year. In 1982, the team finished three games behind the St. Louis Cardinals in the East Division, narrowly missing the playoffs. Steve Carlton would capture his fourth career NL Cy Young Award that year with 23 wins.

For the 1983 season, the Phillies returned to the playoffs and beat the Los Angeles Dodgers. They won this series in four games to capture their fourth NL pennant; however, they lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series in five games. John Denny was named the 1983 NL Cy Young Award winner. Because of the numerous veterans on the 1983 team, Philadelphia Daily News sportswriter Stan Hochman gave them the nickname, the Wheeze Kids.[22]

Tug McGraw, Phillies closer from 1975 to 1984

In 1984 the team finished fourth in the NL East with a record of 81-81. Mike Schmidt still remained a dominate force on the team by leading the National League in both home runs and RBI’s.

The 1985 season was the first time the team finished below .500 since 1974. The team had some success in 1986 despite having released star pitcher Steve Carlton due to injuries. They went on to finish second in the division with a record of 86-75. Mike Schmidt led the National League in home runs and RBI’s that year and also won his third NL MVP award, sixth Silver Slugger award and tenth Gold Glove.

End of days (1987–1991)

During this time, the Phillies often struggled to attract more than 25,000 people to Veterans Stadium, the biggest in the National League at the time (at over 62,000 people). Even crowds of 40,000 were swallowed up by the cavernous environment.

In 1987 closer Steve Bedrosian was named the NL Cy Young Award winner.

Injuries caused Mike Schmidt to miss most of the 1988 season and he retired from baseball after playing in only 42 games in 1989, thus the last member of the 1980 championship team was gone.

In 1990, Terry Mulholland lost a perfect game in the seventh inning when a San Francisco Giants' batter reached base on a throwing error. The next batter grounded into a double play. Thus, Mulholland faced the perfect-game maximum of 27 batters, but did not qualify for a perfect game. He was credited, however, with a no-hitter.[23]

”Macho Row” (1992-1995)

Before the 1992 season the organization decided to shed the maroon uniform and logo and use colors similar to those used during the days of the "Whiz Kids". The season would end with the Phillies at the bottom of the standings, at last place in the National League East. However, their fortunes were about to change.

Phillies cap insignia used since 1992

The1993 Phillies were led by stars such as Darren Daulton, John Kruk, Lenny Dykstra, and Curt Schilling. The team was dubbed “Macho Row” for their shaggy, unkempt, and dirty look. Their character endeared them to fans, and attendance reached a record high the following season.

Darren Daulton, Phillies catcher from 1983, 1985 to 1997

The team powered their way to a 97–65 record and an NL East division title, all thanks to a big April in which the Phillies went 17–5. The Phillies' major contributors on offense were Dykstra, Kruk, Kevin Stocker (a rookie who led the team in batting average, hitting .324), and Jim Eisenreich, all of whom hit over .300 for the season. Their pitching staff was led by 16-game winners Curt Schilling and Tommy Greene. Each member of the rotation posted at least 10 wins, while the bullpen was led by elder statesman Larry Andersen and closer Mitch "Wild Thing" Williams, who notched 43 saves and a 3.34 ERA.

John Kruk, Phillies first baseman from 1989 to 1994

They beat the Atlanta Braves in the 1993 National League Championship Series, four games to two, to earn the fifth NL pennant in franchise history, only to be defeated by the defending World Series champion Toronto Blue Jays in the 1993 World Series.[24] Toronto's Joe Carter hit a walk-off home run in Game 6 to clinch another Phillies loss.[25]

The 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike was a blow to attendance and on-field success, as was the arrival of the Braves in the division due to league realignment. Several players from the 1993 team were either traded or left the team soon after.

Rebuilding years (1996-2002)

The team drafted third baseman Scott Rolen in the second round of the 1993 amateur draft. He had reached the majors by 1996 and was named National League Rookie of the Year in 1997. After becoming frustrated with management he demanded a trade and was dealt to the St. Louis Cardinals in 2002.

Between 1996 and 2002 the team drafted players that would soon become the core of the team such as Jimmy Rollins, Pat Burrell, Chase Utley, Ryan Howard, and Cole Hamels.

Former Phillie Larry Bowa was hired as manager for the 2001 season, and led the Phillies to an 86–76 record, their first winning season since the 1993 World Series year. They spent most of the first half of the season in first place, and traded first place with the Braves for most of the second half. In the end, they finished two games out of first. Bowa was named National League Manager of the Year.

Jim Thome, Phillies first basemen from 2003 to 2005, 2012

The Phillies continued to contend for the next few years under Bowa, with the only blemish being an 80–81 season in 2002. On December 6, 2002, Jim Thome, who was a free agent, signed a six-year, $85 million contract[26] with the team.

The Golden era (2003–2012)

The Phillies win-loss record only dipped below .500 once between the years 2003 and 2013; the team was 73-89 in 2013.[27] In 2004, the Phillies moved to their new home, Citizens Bank Park,[28] across the street from Veterans Stadium.

Citizens Bank Park has been the home of the Phillies since 2004

Charlie Manuel took over the reins of the club from Bowa after the 2004 season, and general manager Ed Wade was replaced by Pat Gillick in November 2005. Gillick reshaped the club as his own, bringing in players such as Shane Victorino, Jayson Werth, and Jamie Moyer.

Ryan Howard was named NL MVP for the 2006 season and Jimmy Rollins followed up the next year as the 2007 NL MVP. After the franchise lost its 10,000th game in 2007,[29] its core of young players responded by winning the National League East division title, but they were swept by the Colorado Rockies in the Division Series.[30] After the 2007 season, they acquired closer Brad Lidge through a trade with the Houston Astros.

Jimmy Rollins, Phillies shortstop from 2000 to 2014

World Series Champions (2008)

Though the Phillies were named in some publications as the favorites to repeat as division champions in 2008, they did not get off to the blazing April start that many had hoped for. Still, they managed their first winning opening month since 2003, and only their fourth since their last World Series appearance.

With a batting average of .360 and his MLB-leading 11 home runs, Chase Utley paced the team's offense, followed closely by a resurgent Pat Burrell and his 25 runs batted in. Though team speed was hampered by the loss of Shane Victorino and Jimmy Rollins to the disabled list, the latter for the first time in his career, the Phillies still pushed forward to a 15–13 record.

June was a tale of two halves for the Phillies, as they ended May and started June with a strong run of offense and excellent pitching. From May 26 to June 13, the Phillies posted a 14–4 record, starting their run with a 15–6 win over the Astros and ending with a 20–2 win over the Cardinals. However, the offense took a downturn as the Phillies pitchers began to sacrifice more runs in the latter part of the month. The Phillies went 3–11 over the remainder of June, with the pitchers allowing an average of 4.79 runs per game, to the offense's 3.36 runs scored per game.

Chase Utley, Phillies second baseman from 2003 to 2015

July began with the announcement that Chase Utley and Brad Lidge would represent the team at the 2008 Major League Baseball All-Star Game,[31] with Utley garnering the most votes of all National League players.[32]

Ryan Howard, Phillies first baseman from 2004 to 2016

The Phillies went 8–4 in July before the All-Star break, compiling a four-game win streak, a four-game losing streak, and winning four of their last five. In a move to bolster their starting rotation in preparation for the pennant race, the Phillies traded three minor league players to the Athletics for starting pitcher Joe Blanton on July 17.[33]

On September 27, the Phillies clinched the National League East for the second year in a row, once again helped by a late September slump from the New York Mets. The Phillies redeemed their previous year's playoff performance by winning the NLDS three games to one against the Brewers, and they defeated the Dodgers in Los Angeles as well, 4–1.

Scoreboard at Citizens Bank Park after the Phillies won 2008 World Series

As the National League champions, the Phillies advanced to the 2008 World Series to play the Tampa Bay Rays. After a power outage by the offense in which they went 1 for 33 with runners in scoring position and the first-ever suspended postseason game in World Series history in game five, the Phillies rode their pitching rotation to a 4–1 victory in the Fall Classic. Cole Hamels was named the series MVP for both the NLCS and the World Series. Gillick retired as general manager after the 2008 season and was succeeded by one of his assistants, Rubén Amaro, Jr. After adding outfielder Raúl Ibañez to replace the departed Pat Burrell, the Phillies retained the majority of their core players for the 2009 season. In July, they signed three-time Cy Young Award winner Pedro Martínez and acquired 2008 American League Cy Young winner Cliff Lee before the trade deadline. On September 30, 2009, they clinched a third consecutive National League East Division title for the first time since the 1976–78 seasons.

Cole Hamels, Phillies pitcher from 2006 to 2015

The team continued this run of success with wins over the Colorado Rockies in the NLDS and the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NLCS, to become the first Phillies team to win back-to-back pennants and the first National League team since the 1996 Atlanta Braves to have an opportunity to defend their World Series title. The Phillies were unable to repeat the 2008 World Series victory; they were defeated in the 2009 series by the New York Yankees, four games to two. In recognition of the team's recent accomplishments, Baseball America named the Phillies as its Organization of the Year.[34]

Shane Victorino, Phillies outfielder from 2005 to 2012

On December 16, 2009, they acquired starting pitcher Roy Halladay from the Toronto Blue Jays for three minor-league prospects,[35] and traded Cliff Lee to the Seattle Mariners for three prospects.[36] On May 29, 2010, Halladay pitched a perfect game against the Florida Marlins.[d] In June 2010, the team's scheduled series against the Toronto Blue Jays at Rogers Centre was moved to Philadelphia, because of security concerns for the G-20 Summit. The Blue Jays wore their home white uniforms and batted last as the home team, and the designated hitter was used.[37] The game was the first occasion of the use of a designated hitter in a National League ballpark in a regular-season game; Ryan Howard was the first player to fill the role.[38]

Roy Halladay, Phillies pitcher from 2010 to 2013

The 2010 Phillies won their fourth consecutive NL East Division championship[39][40] despite a rash of significant injuries to key players.[41] After dropping seven games behind the Atlanta Braves on July 21, Philadelphia finished with an MLB-best record of 97–65.[42] The streak included a 20–5 record in September, the Phillies' best September since winning 22 games that month in 1983,[43] and an 11–0 run in the middle of the month.[44] The acquisition of pitcher Roy Oswalt in early August was a key step, as Oswalt won seven consecutive games in just over five weeks from August 11 through September 17.[44] The Phillies clinched the division on September 27, behind a two-hit shutout by Halladay.[45]

Carlos Ruiz, Phillies catcher from 2006 to 2016

In Game 1 of the 2010 National League Division Series, Halladay threw the second no-hitter in Major League baseball postseason history, leading the Phillies over the Cincinnati Reds, 4–0. (The first was New York Yankee pitcher Don Larsen's perfect game in the 1956 World Series.[46]) Halladay's no-hitter was the fifth time a pitcher has thrown two no-hitters in the same season, and was also the first time that one of the two occurred in the postseason. The Phillies went on to sweep the Reds in three straight games.

In the 2010 National League Championship Series, the Phillies fell to the eventual World Series champion San Francisco Giants in six games. Halladay was named the 2010 NL Cy Young Award winner.

Cliff Lee, Phillies pitcher from 2009, 2011 to 2014

"Phantastic Phour" (2011)

Before the start of the 2011 season, the Philles signed pitcher Cliff Lee to a five-year deal, bringing him back to the team and forming a formidable rotation of Halladay, Lee, Hamels, Oswalt, and Blanton. Including Vance Worley, who replaced Joe Blanton due to injury. The rotation combined for a win-loss record of 71-38. and an ERA of 2.86; the best in the majors that year. Commentators called it one of the best rotations ever assembled.[47][48][49][50] Halladay, Oswalt, Lee, and Hamels were dubbed the 'Phantastic Phour' by fans and the media.[49] On September 17, 2011, the Phillies won their fifth consecutive East Division championship,[51] and on September 28, during the final game of the season, the team set a franchise record for victories in a season with 102 by beating the Atlanta Braves in 13 innings, denying their division rivals a potential wild card berth.[52] Yet the Phillies lost in the NLDS to the St. Louis Cardinals – the team that won the National League Wild Card as a result of the Phillies beating the Braves. The Cardinals subsequently beat the Brewers in the NLCS and won the 2011 World Series in 7 games over the Texas Rangers.

The 2012 Phillies experienced an up and down season. They played .500 ball through the first two months, but then slumped through a 9–19 stretch in June where they ended up at the bottom of the NL East by mid season. With any hope dimming, the Phillies traded key players Shane Victorino and Joe Blanton to the Los Angeles Dodgers, and Hunter Pence to the San Francisco Giants before the trade deadline. A hot start in the second half of the season put the Phillies back on the postseason hunt, but any hope was eventually extinguished with a loss to the Washington Nationals on September 28, costing the Phillies the postseason for the first time since 2006.

Current era (2013–Present)

During the 2013 season, the team struggled again, and was unable to consistently play well for the majority of the season. On August 16, 2013, with the team's record at 53-68, the Phillies fired manager Charlie Manuel, who had managed the team since 2005,[53] and promoted third-base coach Ryne Sandberg to Interim Manager. Manuel had spent over nine years as manager, leading Philadelphia to its first World Series victory in nearly 30 years and amassing an overall record of 780-636 to become the manager with the most wins in the franchise's history. The 2013 Phillies ended up with a record of 73-89, their first losing season since 2002. In the off season pitcher Roy Halladay retired from baseball.

In the 2014 season, one of the few bright spots was the September 1 game against a division rival, the Atlanta Braves, when starter Cole Hamels and relievers Jake Diekman, Ken Giles, and Jonathan Papelbon combined for a no-hitter in Turner Field and a 7-0 victory over Atlanta. In the first round of the 2014 MLB Draft the Phillies selected pitcher Aaron Nola with the seventh overall pick. The team could not gain momentum during the season and finished last in the NL East, the first time they had done so since 2000. During the off season, Jimmy Rollins waived his no-trade clause and was traded to the Los Angeles Dodgers, while Cliff Lee would have pitched his last game and was sidelined for the entire 2015 season due to injury.

In 2015, attendance began to drop as the team showed little improvement and it was clear that the remnants of the 2008 World Series team would soon be departing. Sandberg resigned as manager and bench coach Pete Mackanin was brought in as interim manager. Cole Hamels no-hit the Chicago Cubs 5–0 at Wrigley Field, on July 25, striking out 13 and only giving up two walks. [54] It was the first no-hitter against the Cubs since Sandy Koufax's perfect game in 1965, and first at Wrigley since the Cubs' Milt Pappas in 1972.[55] Hamels was dealt to the Texas Rangers, six days later.[56][57] The following month would also see the departure of Chase Utley who was traded to the Dodgers. In September general manager Rubén Amaro, Jr. was fired and Andy MacPhail was brought in as the interim GM.[58] The team once again finished last in the NL East with a record of 63-99. McPhail would be officially named President of Baseball Operations of the organization during the off season.[59] The team then hired Matt Klentak as the new GM.

In 2016 the team finished fourth in the NL East, only winning eight more games than they had the previous year, with a 71-91 record. The 2016 season would also be the last for both Ryan Howard and Carlos Ruiz in a Phillies uniform. Ruiz was traded to the Dodgers in late August, reuniting him with Chase Utley, and the team decided to not exercise their club option on Howard, thus making him a free agent.

On September 29, 2017, Pete Mackannin was fired as manager. The Phillies announced Gabe Kapler as their new manager on October 30, 2017. [60] Kapler was the Director of Player Development for the Los Angeles Dodgers since November of 2014. Kapler led the Phillies in the right direction in the first half of the 2018 season, as they had a 59-48 record at the July 31st trade deadline and were leading the NL East division by 1.5 games over the Atlanta Braves. [61] However, a late season collapse where they went 21-34 from August to the end of the season led to the Phillies finishing with an 80-82 record and 3rd in the division. Aaron Nola was a bright spot all season long, as he emerged as an ace, going 17-6 with a 2.37 ERA and 0.975 WHIP. [62] He finished 3rd in the National League Cy Young race, behind the Nationals' Max Scherzer and the winner, the Mets' Jacob DeGrom. [63]

Phillies primary logo used since 2019

The Phillies had been waiting for the 2018 offseason since the start of their rebuild, targeting valuable free agents. Owner John Middleton even said they were willing to "spend stupid money". [64] During the offseason, the Phillies indeed spent, signing Andrew McCutchen, David Robertson, and making the splash of the offseason, signing Bryce Harper to a 13-year, $330 million deal. The team also made many trades, including trading for the Mariners' shortstop Jean Segura and the Marlins' J.T. Realmuto. [65]

Bryce Harper was signed by the team in 2019.
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