Philadelphia

  • philadelphia, pennsylvania
    consolidated city-county
    city of philadelphia
    philadelphia skyline from south street bridge january 2020 (rotate 2 degrees perspective correction crop 4-1).jpg
    liberty bell and independence hall
    city hall
    delancey street, society hill
    college hall, penn campus
    museum of art
    clockwise from top: center city skyline in 2020; city hall; college hall, penn campus; museum of art; delancey street row houses in society hill; liberty bell and independence hall
    flag of philadelphia, pennsylvania
    flag
    official seal of philadelphia, pennsylvania
    seal
    official logo of philadelphia, pennsylvania
    logo
    etymology: ancient greek: φίλος phílos (beloved, dear) and ἀδελφός adelphós (brother, brotherly)
    nickname(s): 
    "philly", "the city of brotherly love", "the athens of america",[1] and other nicknames of philadelphia
    motto(s): 
    "philadelphia maneto" ("let brotherly love endure" or "... continue")[2][3]
    interactive map of philadelphia
    philadelphia is located in pennsylvania
    philadelphia
    philadelphia
    location within pennsylvania
    philadelphia is located in the united states
    philadelphia
    philadelphia
    location within united states
    philadelphia is located in north america
    philadelphia
    philadelphia
    location within north america
    coordinates: 39°57′10″n 75°09′49″w / 39°57′10″n 75°09′49″w / 39.95278; -75.16361utc-4 (edt)
    zip codes
    19092–19093, 19099, 191xx
    area codes215, 267, 445
    fips code42-60000
    gnis feature id1215531[10]
    major airportphiladelphia international airport
    interstatesi-76.svg i-95.svg i-676.svg
    u.s. routesus 1.svg us 13.svg us 30.svg
    commuter railsepta regional rail, nj transit
    rapid transitbroad street line, market–frankford line, www.phila.gov

    philadelphia, known colloquially as philly, is the largest city in the u.s. state and commonwealth of pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous u.s. city with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138.[8] since 1854, the city has had the same geographic boundaries as philadelphia county, the most populous county in pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest u.s. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017.[6] philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater delaware valley, located along the lower delaware and schuylkill rivers, within the northeast megalopolis. the delaware valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the united states.[7]

    philadelphia is one of the oldest municipalities in the united states. william penn, an english quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the pennsylvania colony.[4][11] philadelphia played an instrumental role in the american revolution as a meeting place for the founding fathers of the united states, who signed the declaration of independence in 1776 at the second continental congress, and the constitution at the philadelphia convention of 1787. several other key events occurred in philadelphia during the revolutionary war including the first continental congress, the preservation of the liberty bell, the battle of germantown, and the siege of fort mifflin. philadelphia remained the nation's largest city until being overtaken by new york city in 1790; the city was also one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, serving as temporary u.s. capital while washington, d.c. was under construction. in the 19th century, philadelphia became a major industrial center and a railroad hub. the city grew from an influx of european immigrants, most of whom came from ireland, italy and germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015.[12] in the early 20th century, philadelphia became a prime destination for african americans during the great migration after the civil war,[13] as well as puerto ricans.[14] the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950.

    the philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub.[15][16] as of 2019, the philadelphia metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (gmp) of $490 billion.[17] philadelphia is the center of economic activity in pennsylvania and is home to five fortune 1000 companies. the philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of almost 81,900 commercial properties in 2016,[18] including several nationally prominent skyscrapers.[19] philadelphia has more outdoor sculptures and murals than any other american city.[20][21] fairmount park, when combined with the adjacent wissahickon valley park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the united states.[22] the city is known for its arts, culture, cuisine, and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of pennsylvania.[23] philadelphia has also emerged as a biotechnology hub.[24]

    philadelphia is the birthplace of the united states marine corps,[25][26] and is also the home of many u.s. firsts, including the first library (1731),[27] hospital (1751),[27] medical school (1765),[28] national capital (1774),[29] stock exchange (1790),[27] zoo (1874),[30] and business school (1881).[31] philadelphia contains 67 national historic landmarks and the world heritage site of independence hall.[32] the city became a member of the organization of world heritage cities in 2015,[33] as the first world heritage city in the united states.[16] although philadelphia is rapidly undergoing gentrification, the city actively maintains strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods.[34]

  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • economy
  • education
  • culture
  • sports
  • parks
  • law and government
  • media
  • infrastructure
  • notable people
  • sister cities
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
City of Philadelphia
Philadelphia skyline from South Street Bridge January 2020 (rotate 2 degrees perspective correction crop 4-1).jpg
Liberty Bell and Independence Hall
City Hall
Delancey Street, Society Hill
College Hall, Penn Campus
Museum of Art
Official seal of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seal
Official logo of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Logo
Etymology: Ancient Greek: φίλος phílos (beloved, dear) and ἀδελφός adelphós (brother, brotherly)
Nickname(s): 
"Philly", "The City of Brotherly Love", "The Athens of America",[1] and other nicknames of Philadelphia
Motto(s): 
"Philadelphia maneto" ("Let brotherly love endure" or "... continue")[2][3]
Interactive map of Philadelphia
Philadelphia is located in Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Location within Pennsylvania
Philadelphia is located in the United States
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Location within United States
Philadelphia is located in North America
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Location within North America
Coordinates: 39°57′10″N 75°09′49″W / 39°57′10″N 75°09′49″W / 39.95278; -75.16361UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
19092–19093, 19099, 191xx
Area codes215, 267, 445
FIPS code42-60000
GNIS feature ID1215531[10]
Major airportPhiladelphia International Airport
InterstatesI-76.svg I-95.svg I-676.svg
U.S. RoutesUS 1.svg US 13.svg US 30.svg
Commuter railSEPTA Regional Rail, NJ Transit
Rapid transitBroad Street Line, Market–Frankford Line, www.phila.gov

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138.[8] Since 1854, the city has had the same geographic boundaries as Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017.[6] Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.[7]

Philadelphia is one of the oldest municipalities in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony.[4][11] Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, and the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, and the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia remained the nation's largest city until being overtaken by New York City in 1790; the city was also one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, serving as temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a major industrial center and a railroad hub. The city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland, Italy and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015.[12] In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War,[13] as well as Puerto Ricans.[14] The city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950.

The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub.[15][16] As of 2019, the Philadelphia metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $490 billion.[17] Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of almost 81,900 commercial properties in 2016,[18] including several nationally prominent skyscrapers.[19] Philadelphia has more outdoor sculptures and murals than any other American city.[20][21] Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States.[22] The city is known for its arts, culture, cuisine, and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania.[23] Philadelphia has also emerged as a biotechnology hub.[24]

Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps,[25][26] and is also the home of many U.S. firsts, including the first library (1731),[27] hospital (1751),[27] medical school (1765),[28] national capital (1774),[29] stock exchange (1790),[27] zoo (1874),[30] and business school (1881).[31] Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.[32] The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015,[33] as the first World Heritage City in the United States.[16] Although Philadelphia is rapidly undergoing gentrification, the city actively maintains strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods.[34]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Philadelphia
Alemannisch: Philadelphia
አማርኛ: ፊላዴልፊያ
العربية: فيلادلفيا
aragonés: Filadelfia
asturianu: Filadelfia
azərbaycanca: Filadelfiya
تۆرکجه: فیلادلفیا
bamanankan: Philadelphie
Bân-lâm-gú: Philadelphia
башҡортса: Филадельфия
беларуская: Філадэльфія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Філадэлфія
Bikol Central: Philadelphia
български: Филаделфия
Boarisch: Philadelphia
bosanski: Philadelphia
brezhoneg: Philadelphia
català: Filadèlfia
Cebuano: Philadelphia
čeština: Filadelfie
Chamoru: Philadelphia
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Philadelphia
Cymraeg: Philadelphia
Deutsch: Philadelphia
Diné bizaad: Beeʼeldíílsání
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Filadèlfia
español: Filadelfia
euskara: Filadelfia
فارسی: فیلادلفیا
føroyskt: Philadelphia
français: Philadelphie
galego: Filadelfia
贛語: 費城
Gĩkũyũ: Philadelphia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Philadelphia
한국어: 필라델피아
հայերեն: Ֆիլադելֆիա
hrvatski: Philadelphia
Ilokano: Philadelphia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ফিলাডেলফিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
interlingua: Philadelphia
Interlingue: Philadelphia
íslenska: Philadelphia
italiano: Filadelfia
עברית: פילדלפיה
Kapampangan: Philadelphia
ქართული: ფილადელფია
қазақша: Филадельфия
kernowek: Philadelphia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Philadelphia, Pennsilvani
kurdî: Philadelphia
Кыргызча: Филадельфия
кырык мары: Филадельфи
Ladino: Filadelfia
لۊری شومالی: فیلادلفیا
Latina: Philadelphia
latviešu: Filadelfija
Lëtzebuergesch: Philadelphia
lietuvių: Filadelfija
Ligure: Philadelphia
Lingua Franca Nova: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
lumbaart: Philadelphia
magyar: Philadelphia
македонски: Филаделфија
Malagasy: Philadelphia
മലയാളം: ഫിലഡെൽഫിയ
Māori: Philadelphia
მარგალური: ფილადელფია
مازِرونی: فیلادلفیا
Bahasa Melayu: Philadelphia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Philadelphia
Mirandés: Filadélfia
монгол: Филадельфи
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Philadelphia
нохчийн: Филадельфи
Nordfriisk: Philadelphia
norsk nynorsk: Philadelphia
occitan: Filadèlfia
олык марий: Филадельфий
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Filadelfiya
پنجابی: فلاڈیلفیا
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភីឡាដេលផ្យា
Plattdüütsch: Philadelphia
polski: Filadelfia
português: Filadélfia
română: Philadelphia
romani čhib: Philadelphia
русиньскый: Филаделфия
русский: Филадельфия
саха тыла: Филаделфиа
sardu: Filadelfia
Seeltersk: Philadelphia
shqip: Filadelfia
Simple English: Philadelphia
slovenčina: Philadelphia
ślůnski: Filadelfijo
Soomaaliga: Philadelphia
српски / srpski: Филаделфија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
svenska: Philadelphia
Taqbaylit: Philadelphia
татарча/tatarça: Filadelfiä
Türkçe: Philadelphia
українська: Філадельфія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Filadélfiye
vepsän kel’: Filadel'fii
Tiếng Việt: Philadelphia
Volapük: Philadelphia
Winaray: Philadelphia
吴语: 费城
ייִדיש: פילאדעלפיע
Yorùbá: Philadelphia
粵語: 費城
Zazaki: Philadelphia
中文: 費城