Pezizomycotina

Pezizomycotina
Temporal range: Pragian–recent
Helvella crispa 031111w.jpg
Helvella crispa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Ascomycota
(unranked):Saccharomyceta
Subdivision:Pezizomycotina
O.E. Erikss. & Winka 1997[1]
Classes/Orders
Lahmiales
Medeolariales
Triblidiales

Pezizomycotina make up majority of the Ascomycota fungi and includes most lichenized fungi too. Pezizomycotina contains the filamentous ascomycetes and is a subdivision of the Ascomycota (fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus). It is more or less synonymous with the older taxon Euascomycota.[2] These fungi reproduce by fission rather than budding and this subdivision includes almost all the ascus fungi that have fruiting bodies visible to the naked eye (exception: genus Neolecta, which belongs to the Taphrinomycotina).

See the taxobox for a list of the classes that make up the Pezizomycotina. The old class Loculoascomycetes (consisting of all the bitunicate Ascomycota) has been replaced by the two classes Eurotiomycetes and Dothideomycetes. The rest of the Pezizomycotina also include the previously defined hymenial groups Discomycetes (now Leotiomycetes) and Pyrenomycetes (Sordariomycetes).

Some important groups in Pezizomycotina include: Pezizomycetes (the operculate discomycetes), Leotiomycetes (the inoperculate discomycetes), Laboulbeniomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Dothideomycetes.

Paleopyrenomycites from the Early Devonian Rhynie Chert is the oldest known fossil member of Pezizomycotina, although its position within this subdivision is unclear.[3]

References

  1. ^ Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of Ascomycota". Myconet. 1: 1–16. 
  2. ^ Spatafora, JW; Sung, G-H; Johnson, D; Hesse, C; O'Rourke, B; Serdani, M; Spotts, R; Lutzoni, F; Hofstetter, V; Miadlikowska, J; Reeb, V; Gueidan, C; Fraker, E; Lumbsch, T; Lücking, R; Schmitt, I; Hosaka, K; Aptroot, A; Roux, C; Miller, AN; Geiser, DM; Hafellner, J; Hestmark, G; Arnold, AE; Büdel, B; Rauhut, A; Hewitt, D; Untereiner, WA; Cole, MS; Scheidegger, C; Schultz, M; Sipman, H; Schoch, CL (2006). "A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina". Mycologia. 98: 1018–1028. 10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1018. 
  3. ^ Beimforde, C.; Feldberg, K.; Nylinder, S.; Rikkinen, J.; Tuovila, H.; Dörfelt, H.; Gube, M.; Jackson, D. J.; Reitner, J.; Seyfullah, L. J.; Schmidt, A. R. (2014). "Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota lineages: Combining fossil and molecular data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 78: 386–398. 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.04.024. 24792086. 
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