Peter the Great

Peter I
Peter der-Grosse 1838.jpg
Portrait by Paul Delaroche, 1838
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
Reign2 November 1721 –
8 February 1725
Predecessorhimself
as Tsar of Russia
SuccessorCatherine I
Tsar of All Rus'
Reign7 May 1682 – 2 November 1721
Coronation25 June 1682
PredecessorFeodor III
Successorhimself
as Emperor of All Russia
Co-monarchIvan V (1682–1696)
RegentSophia Alekseyevna (1682–1689)
Born(1672-06-09)9 June 1672
Moscow, Tsardom of Russia
Died8 February 1725(1725-02-08) (aged 52)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
BurialPeter and Paul Cathedral
Consort
Issue
among others
Full name
Peter Alekseyevich Romanov
HouseRomanov
FatherAlexis of Russia
MotherNatalya Naryshkina
ReligionRussian Orthodoxy
SignaturePeter I's signature

Peter the Great (Russian: Пётр Вели́кий, tr. Pyotr Velikiy, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj]), Peter I (Russian: Пётр I, tr. Pyotr I, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj]) or Peter Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ]; 9 June [O.S. 30 May] 1672 – 8 February [O.S. 28 January] 1725)[a] ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death in 1725, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power and also laid the groundwork for the Russian navy after capturing ports at Azov and the Baltic Sea. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, Westernised and based on the Enlightenment.[1] Peter's reforms made a lasting impact on Russia, and many institutions of Russian government trace their origins to his reign. He is also known for founding and developing the city of St. Petersburg, which remained the capital of Russia until 1917.

Title

The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following:[2]

By the grace of God, the most excellent and great sovereign prince Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia, sovereign of Pskov, great prince of Smolensk, Tversk, Yugorsk, Permsky, Vyatsky, Bulgarsky and others, sovereign and great prince of Novgorod Nizovsky lands, Chernigovsky, of Ryazan, of Rostov, Yaroslavl, Belozersky, Udorsky, Kondiisky and the sovereign of all the northern lands, and the sovereign of the Iverian lands, of the Kartlian and Georgian Kings, of the Kabardin lands, of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and sovereign and ruler.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Peter I. (Russland)
العربية: بطرس الأكبر
aragonés: Pero I de Rusia
asturianu: Pedru I de Rusia
авар: Пётр I
azərbaycanca: I Pyotr
تۆرکجه: بیرینجی پتر
Bân-lâm-gú: Pёtr 1-sè
башҡортса: Пётр I
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пётар I
български: Петър I (Русия)
буряад: I Пётр
Чӑвашла: Аслă Петĕр
čeština: Petr I. Veliký
eesti: Peeter I
Esperanto: Petro la Granda
فارسی: پتر یکم
Fiji Hindi: Peter I of Russia
føroyskt: Pætur Mikli
Gaeilge: Peadar Mór
한국어: 표트르 1세
հայերեն: Պետրոս I
हिन्दी: पीटर महान
Bahasa Indonesia: Petrus I dari Rusia
íslenska: Pétur mikli
ქართული: პეტრე I დიდი
қазақша: І Петр
Kiswahili: Peter I wa Urusi
Кыргызча: Пётр I
лезги: I-й Пётр
latviešu: Pēteris I
Lëtzebuergesch: Péiter de Groussen
lietuvių: Petras I
Livvinkarjala: Pedru I
македонски: Петар Велики
Malagasy: Peter the Great
მარგალური: პეტრე I დიდი
Bahasa Melayu: Pyotr I dari Rusia
монгол: I Пётр
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မဟာပီတာ
नेपाली: पिटर महान
нохчийн: Пётр I
norsk nynorsk: Peter I av Russland
олык марий: I Пӧтыр
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pyotr I
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੀਟਰ ਮਹਾਨ
پنجابی: پیٹر اعظم
Piemontèis: Pero I ëd Russia
Plattdüütsch: Peter de Grote
português: Pedro I da Rússia
русиньскый: Петро I. Російскый
русский: Пётр I
саха тыла: Бүөтүр I
संस्कृतम्: पीटर महान (रूस)
Seeltersk: Peter die Groote
sicilianu: Pietru lu Granni
Simple English: Peter I of Russia
slovenčina: Peter Veľký
slovenščina: Peter Veliki
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Пєтръ Вєликꙑи
српски / srpski: Петар Велики
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Petar Veliki
татарча/tatarça: Пётр I
тоҷикӣ: Пётр I
Türkmençe: Pýotr-I
українська: Петро I
vepsän kel’: Petr I Sur'
Tiếng Việt: Pyotr I của Nga
Võro: Piitre I
文言: 彼得一世
吴语: 彼得大帝
粵語: 彼得大帝
Zazaki: Peter I
žemaitėška: Petros I
中文: 彼得大帝
Lingua Franca Nova: Piotr la grande