Perpignan

Perpignan
Perpinyà  (Catalan)
Prefecture and commune
Perpignan banner.jpg
Perpignan - panoramio.jpg
Quai Sébastien Vauban - panoramio.jpg
Castillet in Perpignan.jpg
Perpignan seen from the Palace of the Kings of Majorca
Flag of Perpignan
Flag
Coat of arms of Perpignan
Coat of arms
Perpignan is located in France
Perpignan
Perpignan
Location within Occitanie region
Perpignan is located in Occitanie
Perpignan
Perpignan
Coordinates: 42°41′55″N 2°53′44″E / 42°41′55″N 2°53′44″E / 42.6986; 2.8956www.ajuntament-perpinya.cat (in Catalan)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Perpignan (French: [pɛʁpiɲɑ̃]; Catalan: Perpinyà [pəɾpiˈɲa]) is the prefecture of the Pyrénées-Orientales department in Northern Catalonia, Southern France. Perpignan was the capital of the former province and County of Roussillon (Rosselló in Catalan) and continental capital of the Kingdom of Majorca in the 13th and 14th centuries.

In 2013 Perpignan had 118,238 inhabitants (Perpignanais(e) in French, Perpinyanés(a) in Catalan) in the commune proper. The metropolitan area had a total population of 305,837 in 2010.

Geography

Location

Perpignan is located in the center of the Roussillon plain, 13 km west of the Mediterranean coast. It is the southernmost of the cities of metropolitan France.

Hydrography

Perpignan is crossed by the largest river in Roussillon, the Têt, and by one of its tributaries, the Basse. Floods often occur, as in 1892 when the rising of the Têt in Perpignan destroyed 39 houses, leaving more than 60 families homeless.[1]

Climate

Perpignan experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) similar to much of the Mediterranean coastline of France.

Climate data for Perpignan (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
26.5
(79.7)
28.0
(82.4)
32.4
(90.3)
34.4
(93.9)
36.9
(98.4)
40.5
(104.9)
38.7
(101.7)
36.8
(98.2)
34.2
(93.6)
28.1
(82.6)
26.7
(80.1)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
13.2
(55.8)
16.0
(60.8)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
26.2
(79.2)
29.2
(84.6)
28.9
(84)
25.4
(77.7)
21.0
(69.8)
15.9
(60.6)
13.1
(55.6)
20.1
(68.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.0
(48.2)
11.5
(52.7)
13.7
(56.7)
17.0
(62.6)
21.4
(70.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75)
20.5
(68.9)
16.7
(62.1)
12.0
(53.6)
9.1
(48.4)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
9.4
(48.9)
12.9
(55.2)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
16.0
(60.8)
12.6
(54.7)
8.1
(46.6)
5.1
(41.2)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−5.9
(21.4)
0.2
(32.4)
2.4
(36.3)
7.4
(45.3)
11.2
(52.2)
10.4
(50.7)
5.0
(41)
1.2
(34.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
−11.0
(12.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.4
(2.575)
50.4
(1.984)
40.3
(1.587)
58.5
(2.303)
47.3
(1.862)
25.0
(0.984)
12.2
(0.48)
25.8
(1.016)
38.2
(1.504)
75.9
(2.988)
59.2
(2.331)
59.4
(2.339)
557.6
(21.953)
Average precipitation days 5.4 4.3 4.2 6.0 5.5 3.8 2.3 3.5 4.4 4.8 4.5 5.3 54.0
Average snowy days 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 2.5
Average relative humidity (%) 70 68 64 64 66 62 59 63 68 73 71 71 66.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 141.2 160.8 209.6 218.0 235.8 268.9 298.2 267.4 222.2 167.6 149.2 126.1 2,464.9
Source #1: Météo France[2][3]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

Transport

Roads

The motorway A9 connects Perpignan with Barcelona and Montpellier.

Trains

Perpignan is served by the Gare de Perpignan railway station, which offers connections to Paris, Barcelona, Toulouse, and several regional destinations. Salvador Dalí proclaimed it to be the "Center of the Universe" after experiencing a vision of cosmogonic ecstasy there in 1963.[5]

Airport

The nearest airport is Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Perpignan
Alemannisch: Perpignan
العربية: بيربينيا
aragonés: Perpinyán
asturianu: Perpinyà
تۆرکجه: پرپینیان
Bân-lâm-gú: Perpignan
беларуская: Перпіньян
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пэрпіньян
български: Перпинян
Boarisch: Perpignan
brezhoneg: Perpinyà
català: Perpinyà
Cebuano: Perpignan
čeština: Perpignan
Cymraeg: Perpignan
dansk: Perpignan
Deutsch: Perpignan
eesti: Perpignan
Ελληνικά: Περπινιάν
español: Perpiñán
Esperanto: Perpinjano
estremeñu: Perpiñán
euskara: Perpinyà
فارسی: پرپینیان
français: Perpignan
galego: Perpiñán
한국어: 페르피냥
हिन्दी: पेर्पिञां
Bahasa Indonesia: Perpignan
interlingua: Perpinia
italiano: Perpignano
עברית: פרפיניאן
қазақша: Перпиньян
Kiswahili: Perpignan
Ladino: Perpinyán
لۊری شومالی: پرپینان
Latina: Perpinianum
latviešu: Perpiņāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Perpignan
lietuvių: Perpinjanas
lingála: Perpignan
lumbaart: Perpignan
magyar: Perpignan
مازِرونی: پرپینان
Bahasa Melayu: Perpignan
Nederlands: Perpignan
norsk: Perpignan
norsk nynorsk: Perpignan
occitan: Perpinhan
پنجابی: پرپگناں
Piemontèis: Perpignan
polski: Perpignan
Ποντιακά: Περπινιάν
português: Perpinhã
română: Perpignan
русский: Перпиньян
Scots: Perpignan
shqip: Perpignan
Simple English: Perpignan
slovenčina: Perpignan (mesto)
slovenščina: Perpignan
ślůnski: Perpignan
српски / srpski: Перпињан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Perpignan
suomi: Perpignan
svenska: Perpignan
татарча/tatarça: Перпиньян
Türkçe: Perpignan
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Perpignan
українська: Перпіньян
اردو: پرپینیا
vèneto: Perpignan
Tiếng Việt: Perpignan
Volapük: Perpignan
Winaray: Perpignan
吴语: 班合比让
ייִדיש: פערפיניאן
粵語: 佩皮尼昂
中文: 佩皮尼昂