Peroz I

Peroz I
𐭯𐭩𐭫𐭥𐭰
"King of kings of Iran and Aniran"
PerozICoinHistoryofIran.jpg
Coin of Peroz I, showing the ruler, and a fire altar with two stylized attendants.
Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire
Reign459–484
Coronation459
PredecessorHormizd III
SuccessorBalash
BornUnknown
Died484
Herat
IssueKavadh I
Jamasp
Perozdukht
HouseHouse of Sasan
FatherYazdegerd II
MotherDiang
ReligionZoroastrianism

Peroz I (Middle Persian: 𐭯𐭩𐭫𐭥𐭰; New Persian: پیروز Pirouz, lit. "the Victor") was the eighteenth king of the Sasanian Empire, who ruled from 459 to 484. Peroz I was the eldest son of Yazdegerd II (438–457).

Rise to power

On the death of Peroz I's father, Yazdegerd II, the younger son of the deceased emperor, Hormizd, seized the throne in the absence of his elder brother Peroz who had been posted as the governor of distant Sistan; Peroz was thus forced to seek the protection of the Hephthalites. The Hephthalite monarch, Khushnavaz, was glad to welcome him and aid him in his war against Hormizd. Peroz was also supported by Raham of the Mihran family.[1] During this dynastic struggle, Denag, the mother of the two Sasanian princes, governed all of the Sasanian capital of Ctesiphon, or some parts of it.[2]

With Hephthalite and Mihranid assistance, Peroz led an army against Hormizd, defeated him and held him captive. He then ceded Taliqan to Khushnavaz.[3] Sources differ as to what happened to Hormizd after his capture. Some say that he was put to death.[1] However, the Persian historian Mir-Khvand says that Peroz pardoned his younger brother and amicably spared his life.

Other Languages
العربية: بيروز الأول
azərbaycanca: I Firuz
Bân-lâm-gú: Peroz 1-sè
беларуская: Пероз
български: Фируз I
català: Peroz I
čeština: Péróz I.
Deutsch: Peroz I.
español: Peroz I
فارسی: پیروز یکم
français: Péroz Ier
한국어: 페로즈 1세
հայերեն: Պերոզ
hrvatski: Peroz I.
Bahasa Indonesia: Peroz I
italiano: Peroz I
ქართული: პეროზ I
Nederlands: Peroz
occitan: Peroz Ier
português: Perozes I
русский: Пероз
slovenčina: Péróz I.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Peroz I
suomi: Peroz I
svenska: Perouz I
Türkçe: I. Firuz
українська: Пероз
Tiếng Việt: Peroz I