Peroz I

Peroz I
𐭯𐭩𐭫𐭥𐭰
King of kings of Iran and Aniran
Iran, ladjvard, mazandaran, busto di un re sasanide, bronzo, V-VII sec. ca..JPG
Bust of a Sasanian king, possibly Peroz I[a]
Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire
Reign459–484
Coronation459
PredecessorHormizd III
SuccessorBalash
BornUnknown
Died484
Herat
IssueKavadh I
Jamasp
Perozdukht
HouseHouse of Sasan
FatherYazdegerd II
MotherDenag
ReligionZoroastrianism

Peroz I (Middle Persian: 𐭯𐭩𐭫𐭥𐭰; New Persian: پیروز Pirouz, lit. "the Victor") was the eighteenth king (shah) of the Sasanian Empire from 459 to 484. He was the son of Yazdegerd II (r. 438–457). Peroz seized the throne from his older brother Hormizd III, whose reign lasted just two years. During his reign, he successfully quelled a rebellion in Caucasian Albania in the west, and put an end to the Kidarites in the east. He was, however, less successful in handling the Hephthalites, who had taken the Kidarites' place. This eventually resulted in a disastrous defeat at the battle of Herat, where Peroz was killed. The magnates—most notably Sukhra and Shapur Mihran—elected Peroz's brother, Balash, as the new shah.

Rise to power

When Peroz's father Yazdegerd II died in 457, the elder brother and heir Hormizd ascended the throne at Ray. Peroz, with the support of the powerful Mihranid magnate Raham Mihran, fled to the northeastern part of the empire and began raising an army in order to claim the throne for himself.[2][3] The empire thus fell into a dynastic struggle and became divided; the mother of the two brothers, Denag temporarily ruled as regent of the empire from its capital, Ctesiphon.[2] According to eastern sources, Peroz was more worthy for the throne than Hormizd, who is called unfair. Only the anonymous source known as the Codex Sprenger 30 describes Hormizd as the "braver and better", whilst describing Peroz as "more learned in religion".[4]

Peroz later went to the domains of the Hephthalite monarch Khushnavaz, who agreed to him support with soldiers in his struggle for the throne.[4] In 459, Peroz, with Hephthalite and Mihranid assistance, led an army against Hormizd and defeated him. According to some sources, Hormizd was pardoned and spared by his brother. However, this is most likely a legend, which is disproved by other sources, that states Peroz had Hormizd and three members of his family killed.[4] He then ceded Taliqan to Khushnavaz.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: بيروز الأول
azərbaycanca: I Firuz
Bân-lâm-gú: Peroz 1-sè
беларуская: Пероз
български: Фируз I
català: Peroz I
čeština: Péróz I.
Deutsch: Peroz I.
español: Peroz I
فارسی: پیروز یکم
français: Péroz Ier
한국어: 페로즈 1세
հայերեն: Պերոզ
hrvatski: Peroz I.
Bahasa Indonesia: Peroz I
italiano: Peroz I
ქართული: პეროზ I
Nederlands: Peroz
occitan: Peroz Ier
português: Perozes I
русский: Пероз
slovenčina: Péróz I.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Peroz I
suomi: Peroz I
svenska: Perouz I
Türkçe: I. Fîrûz
українська: Пероз
Tiếng Việt: Peroz I