Perforating arteries

Perforating arteries
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The arteries of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions.
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The profunda femoris artery, femoral artery and their major branches - right thigh, anterior view. (Perforating arteries labeled at right center.)
Details
Source Profunda femoris artery
Identifiers
Latin arteriae perforantes
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_61/12155439
TA A12.2.16.031
FMA 69460
Anatomical terminology

The perforating arteries, usually three in number, are so named because they perforate the tendon of the Adductor magnus to reach the back of the thigh.

They pass backward close to the linea aspera of the femur under cover of small tendinous arches in the muscle.

The first is given off above the Adductor brevis, the second in front of that muscle, and the third immediately below it.

First

The first perforating artery (a. perforans prima) passes posteriorly between the Pectineus and Adductor brevis (sometimes it perforates the latter); it then pierces the Adductor magnus close to the linea aspera.

It gives branches to the Adductores brevis and magnus, Biceps femoris, and Gluteus maximus, and anastomoses with the inferior gluteal, medial and lateral femoral circumflex and second perforating arteries.

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