People's Party (Spain)

People's Party
Partido Popular
AbbreviationPP
PresidentPablo Casado
Secretary-GeneralTeodoro García Egea
Spokesperson in CongressDolors Montserrat
Spokesperson in SenateIgnacio Cosidó
FounderManuel Fraga
Founded20 January 1989; 29 years ago (20 January 1989)
Merger ofAP, DC, PL
Preceded byPeople's Alliance
HeadquartersC/ Génova, 13
28004 Madrid, Spain
Youth wingNew Generations
Membership (2018)Decrease 66,706[1][2][3]
IdeologyConservatism[4][5][6]
Christian democracy[5][6][7]
Economic liberalism[6]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-right[8][9][10][11] to
right-wing[12][13][14][15]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat International
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colors     Sky blue
Anthem
"Himno del Partido Popular"[16]
"Anthem of the People's Party"
Congress of Deputies
134 / 350
Senate
147 / 265
European Parliament
16 / 54
Local government (2015–2019)
22,750 / 67,611
Regional parliaments
335 / 1,268
www.pp.es

The People's Party[17] (Spanish: Partido Popular [paɾˈtiðo popuˈlaɾ] (About this sound listen); known mostly by its acronym, PP [peˈpe]) is a conservative[4][5][6] and Christian-democratic[5][6][7] political party in Spain. It is one of the four major parties of modern Spanish politics.

The People's Party was a re-foundation in 1989 of the People's Alliance (Alianza Popular, AP), a party led and founded by Manuel Fraga Iribarne, a former Minister of the Interior and Minister of Tourism during Francisco Franco's dictatorship. The new party combined the conservative AP with several small Christian democratic and liberal parties (the party call this fusion of views Reformist centre). In 2002, Manuel Fraga received the honorary title of "Founding Chairman". The party's youth organization is New Generations of the People's Party of Spain (NNGG).

The PP is a member of the center-right European People's Party (EPP), and in the European Parliament its 16 MEPs sit in the EPP Group. The PP is also a member of the Centrist Democrat International and the International Democrat Union. The PP was also one of the founding organizations of the Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute for Developing Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe.

On 24 May 2018, the National Court found that the PP profited from the illegal kickbacks-for-contracts scheme of the Gürtel case, confirming the existence of an illegal accounting and financing structure that ran in parallel with the party's official one since the party's foundation in 1989 and ruling that the PP helped establish "a genuine and effective system of institutional corruption through the manipulation of central, autonomous and local public procurement".[18][19] This prompted a no confidence vote on Mariano Rajoy's government, which was brought down on 1 June 2018 in the first successful motion since the Spanish transition to democracy.[20] On 5 June 2018, Rajoy announced his resignation as PP leader.[21][22]

Beginnings

The party has its roots in the People's Alliance founded on 9 October 1976 by former Francoist minister Manuel Fraga. Although Fraga was a member of the reformist faction of the Franco regime, he supported an extremely gradual transition to democracy. However, he badly underestimated the public's distaste for Francoism. Additionally, while he attempted to convey a reformist image, the large number of former Francoists in the party led the public to perceive it as both reactionary and authoritarian. In the June 1977 general election , the AP garnered only 8.3 percent of the vote, putting it in fourth place.

In the months following the 1977 elections, dissent erupted within the AP over constitutional issues that arose as the draft document was being formulated. Fraga had wanted from the beginning to brand the party as a traditional European conservative party, and wanted to move the AP toward the political centre in order to form a larger centre-right party. Fraga's wing won the struggle, prompting most of the disenchanted reactionaries to leave the party. The AP then joined with other moderate conservatives to form the Democratic Coalition (Coalición Democrática, CD).

It was hoped that this new coalition would capture the support of those who had voted for the Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) in 1977, but who had become disenchanted with the Adolfo Suárez government. In the March 1979 general election, however, the CD received 6.1 percent of the vote, again finishing a distant fourth.

Other Languages
aragonés: Partido Popular
asturianu: Partido Popular
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Народная партыя (Гішпанія)
español: Partido Popular
estremeñu: Partido Popular
euskara: PP
hrvatski: Partido Popular
Bahasa Indonesia: Partai Rakyat (Spanyol)
Lëtzebuergesch: Partido Popular
lumbaart: Partido Popular
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Narodna stranka (Španija)