Pasture

A pasture in the East Riding of Yorkshire in England

Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.[1]

Red Hill Farm and fields - geograph.org.uk - 955276 sheep pasture at Bredenbury, Herefordshire, England

Pasture lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland, grazed by domesticated livestock, such as horses, cattle, sheep, or swine. The vegetation of tended pasture, forage, consists mainly of grasses, with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs (non-grass herbaceous plants). Pasture is typically grazed throughout the summer, in contrast to meadow which is ungrazed or used for grazing only after being mown to make hay for animal fodder.[2] Pasture in a wider sense additionally includes rangelands, other unenclosed pastoral systems, and land types used by wild animals for grazing or browsing.

Pasture lands in the narrow sense are distinguished from rangelands by being managed through more intensive agricultural practices of seeding, irrigation, and the use of fertilizers, while rangelands grow primarily native vegetation, managed with extensive practices like controlled burning and regulated intensity of grazing.

Soil type, minimum annual temperature, and rainfall are important factors in pasture management.Sheepwalk is an area of grassland where sheep can roam freely. The productivity of sheepwalk is measured by the number of sheep per area. This is dependent, among other things, on the underlying rock.[3] Sheepwalk is also the name of townlands in County Roscommon, Ireland and County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.

Unless factory farming, which entails in its most intensive form entirely trough-feeding, managed or unmanaged pasture is the main food source for ruminants. Pasture feeding dominates livestock farming where the land makes crop sowing and/or harvesting difficult, such as in arid or mountainous regions, where types of camel, goat, antelope, yak and other ruminants live which are well suited to the more hostile terrain and very rarely factory farmed. In more humid regions, pasture grazing is managed across a large global area for free range and organic farming. Certain types of pasture suit the diet, evolution and metabolism of particular animals, and their fertilising and tending of the land may over generations result in the pasture combined with the ruminants in question being integral to a particular ecosystem.[4]

Other Languages
العربية: مرعى
aragonés: Prato
azərbaycanca: Otlaq
български: Пасище
Boarisch: Woad
bosanski: Pašnjak
català: Prat
čeština: Pastvina
chiShona: Mafuro
Cymraeg: Porfa
dansk: Overdrev
eesti: Karjamaa
Esperanto: Paŝtejo
euskara: Larre
فارسی: چراگاه
français: Pâturage
한국어: 목초지
հայերեն: Արոտավայր
हिन्दी: चरागाह
hrvatski: Pašnjak
íslenska: Beitiland
italiano: Pascolo
עברית: מרעה
ქართული: საძოვარი
қазақша: Жайылым
Кыргызча: Жайыт
lietuvių: Ganykla
magyar: Legelő
македонски: Пасиште
Bahasa Melayu: Padang ragut
Nederlands: Weiland
日本語: 牧草
нохчийн: Байда
Nordfriisk: Fään
norsk: Beite
norsk nynorsk: Beite
occitan: Prado
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tabiiy yaylov
polski: Pastwisko
português: Pasto
română: Pășune
Runa Simi: Michiy
русский: Пастбище
саха тыла: Мэччирэҥ
Scots: Pastur
Simple English: Pasture
slovenčina: Pasienok
slovenščina: Pašnik
српски / srpski: Пашњак
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pašnjak
suomi: Laidun
svenska: Betesmark
Türkçe: Mera
українська: Пасовище
walon: Waide
粵語: 牧地
žemaitėška: Ganīkla
中文: 放牧場