Passiflora foetida

Passiflora foetida
Passionfruit cream.jpg
Passiflora foetida flowers
P foetida fruit.jpg
Passiflora foetida fruits
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Passifloraceae
Genus:Passiflora
Species:P. foetida
Binomial name
Passiflora foetida
L.

Passiflora foetida (common names: wild maracuja, bush passion fruit,[1] marya-marya, wild water lemon,[2] stinking passionflower,[2] love-in-a-mist or running pop[2]) is a species of passion flower that is native to the southwestern United States (southern Texas and Arizona), Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and much of South America. It has been introduced to tropical regions around the world,[2] such as Southeast Asia and Hawaii.[3] It is a creeping vine like other members of the genus, and yields an edible fruit.[4] The specific epithet, foetida, means "stinking" in Latin and refers to the strong aroma emitted by damaged foliage.[5]

Description

Passiflora foetida leaves
Passiflora foetida - MHNT

The stems are thin and wiry, covered with minute sticky yellow hairs. Older stems become woody. The leaves are three- to five-lobed and viscid-hairy. When crushed, these leaves give off a pungent odor that some people consider unpleasant. The flowers are white to pale cream coloured, about 5–6 cm diameter. The fruit is globose, 2–3 cm diameter, yellowish-orange to red when ripe, and has numerous black seeds embedded in the pulp; the fruit are eaten and the seeds dispersed by birds.

Passiflora foetida is able to trap insects on its bracts, which exude a sticky substance that also contains digestive enzymes. This minimizes predation on young flowers and fruits.[6] Whether or not it gains nourishment from its prey is uncertain, and it is currently considered a protocarnivorous plant.[7]

This passion flower tolerates arid ground, but favours moist areas. It is known to be an invasive species in some areas.[4] This plant is also a widely grown perennial climber, and has been used in traditional medicine.[8]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Pisiyli qonaqotu
বাংলা: ঝুমকোলতা
Bân-lâm-gú: Mo͘-se-hoan-liân
Bahasa Indonesia: Rambusa
Basa Jawa: Jembut landa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Marigouya, bonbon koulèv
Bahasa Melayu: Letup-letup
Nāhuatl: Cacapatzin
Nederlands: Passiflora foetida
Tiếng Việt: Lạc tiên
中文: 毛西番蓮