Party of Labour of Albania

Party of Labour of Albania

Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë
General SecretaryEnver Hoxha (1941–85)
Ramiz Alia (1985–91)
FoundedNovember 8, 1941
DissolvedJune 12, 1991
Succeeded bySocialist Party of Albania
Communist Party of Albania (1991)
HeadquartersTirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania
NewspaperZëri i Popullit
Youth wingLabour Youth Union of Albania
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Political positionFar-left
Colours     Red

The Party of Labour of Albania (PLA) (Albanian: Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë, PPSH), sometimes referred to as the Albanian Workers' Party (AWP), was the vanguard party of Albania during the communist period (1945–1991) as well as the only legal political party. It was founded on November 8, 1941, as the Communist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë, PKSH), but its name was changed in 1948. In 1991, the party was succeeded by the Socialist Party of Albania. For most of its existence, the party was dominated by its First Secretary, Enver Hoxha, who was also the de facto leader of Albania.

Background

In the 1920s, Albania was the only Balkan country without a communist party. The first Albanian communists emerged from the followers of Albanian clergyman and politician Fan S. Noli. Once in Moscow, they formed the National Revolutionary Committee and became affiliated to the Comintern. In August 1928, the first Albanian Communist Party was formed in the Soviet Union. The most prominent figure of the party was Ali Kelmendi who left Albania in 1936, to fight in the Spanish Civil War. He was later regarded as the leader of a small group of Albanian Communists in France. However, no unified organization existed in Albania until 1941.

Other Languages
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Komunistička partija Albanije