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. (February 2016)
Party Leaders of the U.S. Senate
The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders are two
United States Senators and members of the
party leadership of the United States Senate. These leaders serve as the chief Senate spokespeople for the
political parties respectively holding the majority and the minority in the
United States Senate, and manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. They are elected to their positions in the Senate by their respective party
Senate Democratic Caucus and the
Senate Republican Conference.
By rule, the
Presiding Officer gives the Majority Leader priority in obtaining recognition to speak on the floor of the Senate. The Majority Leader customarily serves as the chief representative of their party in the Senate, and sometimes even in all of
Congress if the
House of Representatives and thus the office of
Speaker of the House is controlled by the opposition party.
The Assistant Majority and Minority Leaders of the United States Senate (commonly called Senate Majority and Minority
Whips) are the second-ranking members of each party's leadership. The main function of the Majority and Minority Whips is to gather votes on major issues. Because they are the second ranking members of the Senate, if there is no
floor leader present, the whip may become acting floor leader. Before 1969, the official titles were Majority Whip and Minority Whip.