Commune and department
Seine and Eiffel Tower from Tour Saint Jacques 2013-08.JPG
Arc Triomphe (square).jpg
Notre Dame dalla Senna.jpg
Louvre Museum Wikimedia Commons.jpg
Clockwise from top: skyline of Paris on the Seine with the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame de Paris, the Louvre and its large pyramid, and the Arc de Triomphe
Flag of Paris
Coat of arms of Paris
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Fluctuat nec mergitur
"Tossed but never sunk"
Paris is located in France
Location within Île-de-France region
Paris is located in Île-de-France (region)
Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567; 2.3508
Subdivisions20 arrondissements
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Anne Hidalgo (PS)
 • City105.4 km2 (40.7 sq mi)
 • Urban2,845 km2 (1,098 sq mi)
 • Metro17,174.4 km2 (6,631.1 sq mi)
Population (2018)2[2][3][4][not in citation given]
 • City2,206,488
 • Rank1st in France
 • Density21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
 • Urban10,601,122
 • Urban density3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
 • Metro12,405,426
 • Metro density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Parisien(ne) (fr)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code75056 /75001–75020, 75116

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Paris (French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] (About this sound listen)) is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a population of 2,206,488.[5][6] Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, music, and painting. The Paris Region had a GDP of €681 billion (US$850 billion) in 2016, accounting for 31 per cent of the GDP of France.[7] In 2013–2014, the Paris Region had the third-highest GDP in the world and the largest regional GDP in the EU. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second-most expensive city in the world, behind Singapore and ahead of Zurich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva.[8]

The City of Paris's administrative limits form an East-West oval centred on the island at its historical heart, the Île de la Cité; this island is near the top of an arc of the river Seine that divides the city into southern Rive Gauche (Left Bank) and northern Rive Droite regions. Paris is the core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a unité urbaine (a measure of urban area), the Paris agglomeration's 2013 population of 10,601,122 made it the largest urban area in the European Union.[3][not in citation given] City-influenced commuter activity reaches well beyond even this in a statistical aire urbaine de Paris (a measure of metropolitan area), that had a 2013 population of 12,405,426,[9] a number one-fifth the population of France,[10] the largest metropolitan area in the Eurozone.

The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports: Paris-Charles de Gaulle (the second busiest airport in Europe after London Heathrow Airport with 69.5 million passengers in 2017) and Paris-Orly.[11][12] Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily,[13] and is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro. Paris's Gare du Nord is one of the ten busiest railway stations in the world, with 262 million passengers in 2015.[14]

Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre was the most visited art museum in the world in 2017, with 8.1 million visitors.[15][16] The Musée d'Orsay and Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French Impressionist art, and the Pompidou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe. The historical district along the Seine in the city centre is classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site. Popular landmarks in the centre of the city include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and the Gothic royal chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, both on the Île de la Cité; the Eiffel Tower, constructed for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; the Grand Palais and Petit Palais, built for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1900; the Arc de Triomphe on the Champs-Élysées, and the Basilica of Sacré-Coeur on the hill of Montmartre. Paris received 23 million visitors in 2017, measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States, the UK, Germany and China.[17][18] It was ranked as the third most visited travel destination in the world in 2017, after Bangkok and London.[19]

The football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris. The 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros. Paris hosted the Olympic Games in 1900, 1924 and will host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby World Cup, and the 1960, 1984, and 2016 UEFA European Championships were also held in the city and, every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes there.


The name "Paris" is derived from its early inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe.[20] The city's name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology.

Paris is often referred to as The City of Light (La Ville Lumière),[21] both because of its leading role during the Age of Enlightenment, and more literally because Paris was one of the first European cities to adopt gas street lighting.[citation needed] In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps.[22] Since the late 19th century, Paris has also been known as Panam(e) (pronounced [panam]) in French slang.[23]

Inhabitants are known in English as "Parisians" and in French as Parisiens ([paʁizjɛ̃] (About this sound listen)). They are also pejoratively called Parigots ([paʁiɡo] (About this sound listen)).[note 1][24]

Other Languages
Acèh: Paris
Адыгэбзэ: Париж
адыгабзэ: Париж
Afrikaans: Parys
Akan: Paris
Alemannisch: Paris
አማርኛ: ፓሪስ
Ænglisc: Paris
العربية: باريس
aragonés: París
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܐܪܝܣ
armãneashti: Parij
arpetan: Paris
asturianu: París
Avañe'ẽ: Parĩ
авар: Париж
Aymar aru: Paris
azərbaycanca: Paris
تۆرکجه: پاریس
bamanankan: Paris
বাংলা: প্যারিস
Bân-lâm-gú: Pa-lí
башҡортса: Париж
беларуская: Парыж
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Парыж
भोजपुरी: पैरिस
Bikol Central: Paris
Bislama: Paris
български: Париж
Boarisch: Paris
བོད་ཡིག: ཕ་རི།
bosanski: Pariz
brezhoneg: Pariz
буряад: Парис
català: París
Чӑвашла: Парис
Cebuano: Paris
čeština: Paříž
Chamoru: Paris
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Paris
Chi-Chewa: Paris
chiShona: Paris
corsu: Parighji
Cymraeg: Paris
dansk: Paris
davvisámegiella: Paris
Deitsch: Paris
Deutsch: Paris
dolnoserbski: Paris
eesti: Pariis
Ελληνικά: Παρίσι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Parì
эрзянь: Париж ош
español: París
Esperanto: Parizo
estremeñu: París
euskara: Paris
eʋegbe: Paris
فارسی: پاریس
Fiji Hindi: Paris
føroyskt: Paris
français: Paris
Frysk: Parys
Fulfulde: Pari
furlan: Parîs
Gaeilge: Páras
Gaelg: Paarys
Gagauz: Paris
Gàidhlig: Paris
galego: París
贛語: 巴黎
گیلکی: پاريس
ગુજરાતી: પેરિસ
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍀𐌰𐍂𐌹𐍃
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Paris
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pâ-lì
Hausa: Paris
Hawaiʻi: Palika
Հայերեն: Փարիզ
हिन्दी: पेरिस
hornjoserbsce: Paris
hrvatski: Pariz
Ido: Paris
Ilokano: Paris
Bahasa Indonesia: Paris
interlingua: Paris
Interlingue: Paris
Ирон: Париж
isiZulu: IParisi
íslenska: París
italiano: Parigi
עברית: פריז
Basa Jawa: Paris
kalaallisut: Paris
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪ್ಯಾರಿಸ್
Kapampangan: Paris
къарачай-малкъар: Париж
ქართული: პარიზი
kaszëbsczi: Pariz
қазақша: Париж
kernowek: Paris
Kinyarwanda: Paris
Kirundi: Paris
Kiswahili: Paris
коми: Париж
Kongo: Paris
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pari
kurdî: Parîs
Кыргызча: Париж
кырык мары: Париж
Ladino: Paris
лезги: Париж
ລາວ: ປາລີ
لۊری شومالی: شأر پاریس
Latina: Lutetia
latviešu: Parīze
Lëtzebuergesch: Paräis
lietuvių: Paryžius
Ligure: Pariggi
Limburgs: Paries
lingála: Pari
Livvinkarjala: Pariižu
la .lojban.: paris
Luganda: Paris
lumbaart: Paris
magyar: Párizs
मैथिली: पेरिस
македонски: Париз
Malagasy: Paris
മലയാളം: പാരിസ്
Malti: Pariġi
Māori: Parī
मराठी: पॅरिस
მარგალური: პარიზი
مصرى: باريس
مازِرونی: پاریس
Bahasa Melayu: Paris
Baso Minangkabau: Paris
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bă-là̤
Mirandés: Paris
монгол: Парис
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပါရီမြို့
Nāhuatl: Paris
Dorerin Naoero: Paris
Nederlands: Parijs
Nedersaksies: Paries
नेपाली: पेरिस
नेपाल भाषा: पेरिस
日本語: パリ
Napulitano: Parigge
нохчийн: Париж
Nordfriisk: Paris
Norfuk / Pitkern: Paris
norsk: Paris
norsk nynorsk: Paris
Nouormand: Paris
Novial: Paris
occitan: París
олык марий: Париж
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପ୍ୟାରିସ
Oromoo: Paaris
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Parij
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੈਰਿਸ
پنجابی: پیرس
Papiamentu: Paris
پښتو: پاريس
Patois: Paris
Перем Коми: Париж
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប៉ារីស
Picard: Paris
Piemontèis: Paris
Tok Pisin: Paris
Plattdüütsch: Paris
polski: Paryż
Ποντιακά: Παρίσι
português: Paris
Qaraqalpaqsha: Parij
qırımtatarca: Paris
reo tahiti: Paris
română: Paris
Romani: Paris
rumantsch: Paris
Runa Simi: Paris
русиньскый: Паріж
русский: Париж
саха тыла: Париж
Gagana Samoa: Pale
Sängö: Paris
sardu: Parigi
Scots: Paris
Seeltersk: Paris (Stääd)
Sesotho: Paris
shqip: Parisi
sicilianu: Pariggi
සිංහල: පැරිස්
Simple English: Paris
سنڌي: پيرس
slovenčina: Paríž
slovenščina: Pariz
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Парижь
ślůnski: Paryż
Soomaaliga: Baariis
کوردی: پاریس
Sranantongo: Paris
српски / srpski: Париз
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pariz
Basa Sunda: Paris
suomi: Pariisi
svenska: Paris
Tagalog: Paris
தமிழ்: பாரிஸ்
Taqbaylit: Paris (Fransa)
tarandíne: Parigge
татарча/tatarça: Париж
తెలుగు: పారిస్
tetun: París
ไทย: ปารีส
тоҷикӣ: Порис
Tsetsêhestâhese: Paris
Türkçe: Paris
Türkmençe: Pariž
Twi: Paris
тыва дыл: Париж
удмурт: Париж
українська: Париж
اردو: پیرس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: پارىژ
Vahcuengh: Bahliz
vèneto: Parixe
vepsän kel’: Pariž
Tiếng Việt: Paris
Volapük: Paris
Võro: Pariis
walon: Paris
文言: 巴黎
West-Vlams: Parys
Winaray: Paris
Wolof: Pari
吴语: 巴黎
ייִדיש: פאריז
Yorùbá: Parisi
粵語: 巴黎
Zazaki: Paris
Zeêuws: Paries
žemaitėška: Parīžios
中文: 巴黎
डोटेली: पेरिस
ГӀалгӀай: Париж
Kabɩyɛ: Paarii
Lingua Franca Nova: Paris