Fluctuat nec mergitur
"Tossed but never sunk"
Location within Île-de-France region
|Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567; 2.3508
| • Mayor (2014–2020)
Anne Hidalgo (
| • City
||105.4 km2 (40.7 sq mi)
| • Urban
||2,845 km2 (1,098 sq mi)
| • Metro
||17,174.4 km2 (6,631.1 sq mi)
| • City
| • Rank
1st in France
| • Density
||21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
| • Urban density
||3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
| • Metro density
||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
| • Summer (
||75056 /75001–75020, 75116
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Paris (French pronunciation:
listen)) is the
capital and most populous
France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a 2015 population of 2,229,621.
 The city is a
department, and the capital-heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4,638-square-mile)
region (colloquially known as the 'Paris Region'), whose 2016 population of 12,142,802 represents roughly 18 percent of the population of France.
 Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The Paris Region had a
GDP of €649.6 billion (US $763.4 billion) in 2014, accounting for 30.4 percent of the GDP of France.
 According to official estimates, in 2013-14 the Paris Region had
the third-highest GDP in the world and the largest regional GDP in the EU.
The City of Paris's administrative limits form a horizontal oval centred on its historical-heart
Île de la Cité island; this island is near the peak of an arc of
Seine river that divides the city into southern
Rive Gauche (Left Bank) and northern
Rive Droite regions. Paris is but the core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a
unité urbaine (a measure of
urban area), the Paris agglomeration's 2013 population of 10,601,122 makes it the
largest urban area in the European Union.
 City-influenced commuter activity reaches well beyond even this in a statistical
aire urbaine de Paris (a measure of
metropolitan area), that had a 2013 population of 12,405,426,
 a number one-fifth the population of France,
 and one that makes it, after
second largest metropolitan area in the
European Union. The 2016 Metropole of
Grand Paris initiative, encompassing the City of Paris and its surrounding
petite couronne department communes, or area covering 814 square kilometers and representing a population of 7 million,
 aims to improve city-suburb cooperation through a unique governing body.
The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports:
Paris-Charles de Gaulle (the second busiest airport in Europe after London Heathrow Airport with 63.8 million passengers in 2014) and
Paris-Orly. Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the
Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily,
 and is the second busiest metro system in Europe after
Paris's Gare du Nord is one of the ten busiest railway stations in the world, with 262 million passengers in 2015.
Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the
Louvre was the
most visited art museum in the world in 2016, with 7.4 million visitors.
Musée d'Orsay and
Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French
Impressionist art, and the Pompidou-center
Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe. The historical district along Seine River in the city center is classified as a
UNESCO Heritage Site. Popular landmarks in the center of the city include
the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and The Gothic royal chapel of
Sainte-Chapelle, both on the
Île de la Cité; the
Eiffel Tower, constructed for the
Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; the
Grand Palais and
Petit Palais, built for the
Paris Universal Exposition of 1900; the
Arc de Triomphe on the
Champs Elysees, and the
Basilica of Sacré-Coeur on the hill of
Montmartre. Paris received 22.2 million visitors in 2015, making it one of the world's top tourist destinations, but the number of greater Paris visitors dropped by 11.5 percent following the terrorist attacks the following year.
Paris Saint-Germain and the
rugby union club
Stade Français are based in Paris. The 80,000-seat
Stade de France, built for the
1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of
Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual
tennis tournament on the red clay of
Roland Garros. Paris hosted the Olympic Games in
1924 and will host the
2024 Summer Olympics. The
1998 FIFA World Cups, the
2007 Rugby World Cup, and the
UEFA European Championships were also held in the city, and every July, the
Tour de France
bicycle race finishes in the city.