A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles. It differs from a fable in that fables employ animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature as characters, whereas parables have human characters.[1] A parable is a type of analogy.[2]

Some scholars of the canonical gospels and the New Testament apply the term "parable" only to the parables of Jesus,[3][4] though that is not a common restriction of the term. Parables such as "The Prodigal Son" are central to Jesus's teaching method in the canonical narratives and the apocrypha.


The word parable comes from the Greek παραβολή (parabolē), meaning "comparison, illustration, analogy."[5] It was the name given by Greek rhetoricians to an illustration in the form of a brief fictional narrative.

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বাংলা: নীতিকথা
čeština: Podobenství
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Bahasa Indonesia: Parabel
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日本語: たとえ話
norsk nynorsk: Parabel i litteraturen
slovenčina: Podobenstvo
slovenščina: Parabola (literatura)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Parabola (figura)
suomi: Vertaus
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