Pallava dynasty

Pallava Empire

275 CE–897 CE
Pallava territories during Narasimhavarman I c. 645. This includes the Chalukya territories occupied by the Pallavas.
Pallava territories during Narasimhavarman I c. 645. This includes the Chalukya territories occupied by the Pallavas.
StatusDynasty
CapitalKanchipuram
Common languagesPrakrit, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu
Religion
Hinduism
GovernmentMonarchy
• 275–300
Simhavarman I
• 882–897
Aparajitavarman
Historical eraClassical India
• Established
275 CE
• Disestablished
897 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kalabhra dynasty
Satavahana dynasty
Chola dynasty
Eastern Chalukyas
Today part ofIndia
Sri Lanka[1]
Pallava Kings (200s–800s)
Virakurcha
Vishnugopa II
Simhavarman III
Simhavishnu
Mahendravarman I(600-630)
Narasimhavarman I(630–668)
Mahendravarman II(668–670)
Paramesvaravarman I(670–695)
Narasimhavarman II(700-728)
Paramesvaravarman II(728–731)
Nandivarman II(731–795)
Dantivarman(795–846)
Nandivarman III(846-869)
Nrpatungavarman(869-880)
Aparajitavarman(880-897)

The Pallava dynasty was an Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of southern India. They gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahana dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.[2][3]

Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571–630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630–668 CE) and dominated the Telugu and northern parts of the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of the 9th century. Throughout their reign they were in constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil kingdoms of Chola and Pandyas in the south and Pallava were finally defeated by the Chola Aditya I in the 9th century CE.[4]

Pallavas are most noted for their patronage of architecture, the finest example being the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mahabalipuram. The Pallavas, who left behind magnificent sculptures and temples, established the foundations of medieval South Indian architecture. They developed the Pallava script from which Grantha ultimately descended. The Pallava script gave rise to several other southeast Asian scripts. Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited Kanchipuram during Pallava rule and extolled their benign rule.

Etymology

The word Pallava means a creeper or branch in Sanskrit.They were also called Tondaiyar after the word Tondai, meaning creeper.[5][6][7]

Other Languages
brezhoneg: Pallava
català: Pal·lava
Deutsch: Pallava
euskara: Pallava
hrvatski: Pallava
italiano: Pallava
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪಲ್ಲವ
ქართული: პალავა
മലയാളം: പല്ലവർ
मराठी: पल्लव वंश
Bahasa Melayu: Dinasti Pallava
Nederlands: Pallavadynastie
norsk nynorsk: Pallava
occitan: Pallava
پنجابی: پلۉ راجٹبر
polski: Pallawowie
русский: Паллавы
Simple English: Pallava dynasty
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pallava
suomi: Pallava
svenska: Pallava
தமிழ்: பல்லவர்
తెలుగు: పల్లవ
українська: Династія Паллавів