Palk Strait

Palk Strait
Palk Strait is located in South Asia
Palk Strait
Palk Strait
LocationLaccadive SeaBay of Bengal
Coordinates10°00′N 79°45′E / 10°00′N 79°45′E / 10.000; 79.750
EtymologyRobert Palk
Part ofIndian Ocean
Basin countriesIndia, Sri Lanka
Max. width82 km (51 mi)
Min. width53 km (33 mi)
Surface area2,500 km (1,600 mi)
Max. temperature35 °C (95 °F)
Min. temperature15 °F (−9 °C)
IslandsSri Lanka
Adam's Bridge separating Palk Bay from the Gulf of Mannar

The Palk Strait (Tamil: பாக்கு நீரிணை, Sinhala: පෝක් සමුද්‍ර සන්ධිය Pok Samudra Sandhiya) is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka. It connects the Bay of Bengal in the northeast with Palk Bay in the southwest.[1] The strait is 53 to 82 kilometres (33 to 51 mi) wide.[2] Several rivers flow into it, including the Vaigai River of Tamil Nadu. The strait is named after Robert Palk, who was a governor of Madras (1755–1763) during the Company Raj period.[3]

Geography

Palk Bay is studded at its southern end with a chain of low islands and reef shoals that are collectively called Adam's Bridge,[3] it has historically been known in Hindu Mythology as "Ram Setu" i.e. The Bridge of Rama.[4] This chain extends between Dhanushkodi on Pamban Island (also known as Rameswaram Island) in Tamil Nadu and Mannar Island in Sri Lanka. The island of Rameswaram is linked to the Indian mainland by the Pamban Bridge.

Other Languages
العربية: مضيق بالك
azərbaycanca: Polk boğazı
башҡортса: Полк боғаҙы
беларуская: Полкскі праліў
भोजपुरी: पाक जलजोड़
brezhoneg: Strizh-mor Palk
Cebuano: Palk Strait
čeština: Palkův průliv
Deutsch: Palkstraße
فارسی: تنگه پالک
français: Détroit de Palk
한국어: 포크 해협
Ido: Palk
Bahasa Indonesia: Selat Palk
italiano: Stretto di Palk
עברית: מצר פלק
ქართული: პოლკის სრუტე
latviešu: Polka šaurums
lietuvių: Palko sąsiauris
magyar: Palk-szoros
მარგალური: პოლკიშ საროტი
Nederlands: Straat Palk
नेपाल भाषा: पाक जलसन्धि
日本語: ポーク海峡
português: Estreito de Palk
Simple English: Palk Strait
slovenčina: Palcký prieliv
slovenščina: Palkov preliv
svenska: Palksundet
Türkçe: Palk Boğazı
українська: Полкська протока
Tiếng Việt: Eo biển Palk
粵語: 保克海峽
中文: 保克海峡