Palestine Liberation Organization

Palestine Liberation Organization

منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية
Munaẓẓamat at-Taḥrīr al-Filasṭīniyyah
AbbreviationPLO
ChairmanMahmoud Abbas
Founded28 May 1964[1]
HeadquartersRamallah, West Bank[2][3]
IdeologyPalestinian nationalism
AnthemFida'i[4]
Coat of arms of Palestine (alternative).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Palestine
Officeholders whose status is disputed are shown in italics

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; Arabic: منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية‎, About this soundMunaẓẓamat at-Taḥrīr al-Filasṭīniyyah ) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.[5][6][7][8][9][7][10][11] It is recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" by over 100 states with which it holds diplomatic relations,[12][13] and has enjoyed observer status at the United Nations since 1974.[14][15][16] The PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization[17][18] until the Madrid Conference in 1991. In 1993, the PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected "violence and terrorism". In response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.[19] However, the PLO has employed violence in the years since 1993, particularly during the 2000–2005 Second Intifada. On 29 October 2018, the Palestinian Central Council suspended the recognition of Israel and halted security and economic coordination in all its forms with it.[20]

Founding

At its first summit meeting in Cairo in 1964, the Arab League initiated the creation of an organization representing the Palestinian people.[21] The Palestinian National Council convened in Jerusalem on 28 May 1964. Concluding this meeting the PLO was founded on 2 June 1964. Its stated goal was the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle.[22]

Other Languages
dansk: PLO
Nordfriisk: PLO
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Falastin ozodlik tashkiloti
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Palestinska oslobodilačka organizacija