Pahlavi dynasty

Imperial State of Irana

دولت شاهنشاهی ایران
Kešvare Šâhanšâhiye Irân
1925–1979

Royal anthemسرود شاهنشاهی ایران
Sorude Šahanšâhiye Iran
(English: "Imperial Anthem of Iran")
Location of Iran on the globe (current geopolitical boundaries, not at the time of Pahlavi dynasty).
Location of Iran on the globe (current geopolitical boundaries, not at the time of Pahlavi dynasty).
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
Official languagesPersian
Religion
Shia Islam
Demonym(s)Persian (until 1935)
Iranian (from 1935)
Government
Shah 
• 1925–41
Rezâ Pahlavi
• 1941–79
Mohammad Rezâ Pahlavi
Prime minister 
• 1925–26 (first)
Mohammad-Ali Foruqi
• 1979 (last)
Šâpur Baxtiyâr
LegislatureDeliberative assembly
Senate
National Consultative Assembly
Historical era20th century
• Constituent Assembly voted formation of Pahlavi dynasty
15 December 1925
25 August – 17 September 1941
24 October 1945
19 August 1953
26 January 1963
11 February 1979
31 March 1979
Area
19791,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
Population
• 1955
19,293,999
• 1965
24,955,115
• 1979
37,252,629
CurrencyRial
ISO 3166 codeIR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Qajar Iran
Interim Government of Iran
Today part ofBahrain
Iran
  1. ^ From 1935 to 1979. From 1925 to 1935, it was known officially as the Imperial State of Persia in the Western world.

Pahlavi
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Founded15 December 1925
FounderReza Shah
Current headReza Pahlavi
Final rulerMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Titles
Deposition11 February 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty (Persian: دودمان پهلوی‎) was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

The Pahlavis came to power after Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Qajar ruler of Iran, proved unable to stop British and Soviet encroachment on Iranian sovereignty, had his position extremely weakened by a military coup, and was removed from power by the parliament while in France. The Iranian parliament, known as the Majlis, convening as a Constituent Assembly on 12 December 1925, deposed the young Ahmad Shah Qajar, and declared Reza Khan the new King (Shah) of Imperial State of Persia. In 1935, Reza Shah asked foreign delegates to use the endonym Iran in formal correspondence and the official name the Imperial State of Iran was adopted.

Following the coup d'état in 1953 supported by United Kingdom and the United States, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's rule became more autocratic and was aligned with the Western Bloc during the Cold War . Faced with growing public discontent and popular rebellion throughout 1978 and after declaring surrender and officially resigning , the second Pahlavi went into exile with his family in January 1979, sparking a series of events that quickly led to the end of the state and the beginning of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 11 February 1979.[1]

Origins

The Pahlavi dynasty was an Iranian royal dynasty of Mazandarani ethnicity. The Pahlavi dynasty originated in Mazandaran province. In 1878 Reza Shah Pahlavi was born into Major family of Abbas Ali Khan and Noushafarin Ayromlou at the village of Alasht located in Savadkuh County, Māzandarān Province.[2][3] His mother was a Muslim immigrant from Georgia (then part of the Russian Empire),[4][5] whose family had emigrated to mainland Persia after Persia was forced to cede all of its territories in the Caucasus following the Russo-Persian Wars several decades prior to Reza Shah's birth.[6] His father was commissioned in the 7th Savadkuh Regiment, and served in the Anglo-Persian War in 1856 .

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Pahlavi (Dynastie)
azərbaycanca: Pəhləvilər
تۆرکجه: پهلویلر
català: Pahlevi
Esperanto: Dinastio Pahlavi
한국어: 팔라비 왕조
հայերեն: Փահլավիներ
हिन्दी: पहलवी वंश
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Pahlavi
მარგალური: ფეჰლევიანეფი
مازِرونی: پهلوی
Bahasa Melayu: Wangsa Pahlavi
Nederlands: Pahlavidynastie
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pahlaviylar
پنجابی: پہلوی ٹبر
português: Dinastia Pahlavi
русский: Пехлеви
српски / srpski: Пахлави
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pahlavi (dinastija)
українська: Пахлаві
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Pahlavi