Our Lady of the Pillar
|Our Lady of the Pillar|
The image of Our Lady of the Pillar 
|Date||12 October AD 40 (traditional) |
|Holy See approval||
|Shrine||Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar, Zaragoza, Spain|
|Attributes||The Blessed Virgin Mary carrying the
Our Lady of the Pillar (
Since 1730, the veneration of Our Lady of the Pillar was mandated for all of the
Christian tombs at Zaragoza, dating from Roman days, appear to bear images representing the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. In the 4th century, the presence of
The oldest written testimony of devotion to the Blessed Virgin in Zaragoza is usually identified as that of Pedro Librana in 1155.
 There is evidence that the site attracted pilgrims from across the Iberian Peninsula during the 13th century, e.g. reflected in the work Milagros de Nuestra Señora by
The tradition of the
According to the account by
Of all the places that Spain offers for the veneration of the devout, the most illustrious is doubtless the sanctuary consecrated to God under the invocation of the Blessed Virgin, under the title of our Lady of the Pillar, at Saragossa.
According to ancient and pious tradition, St. James the Greater, led by Providence into Spain, spent some time at Saragossa. He there received a signal favor from the Blessed Virgin. As he was praying with his disciples one night, upon the banks of the Ebro, as the same tradition informs us, the Mother of God, who still lived, appeared to him, and commanded him to erect an oratory in that place. The apostle delayed not to obey this injunction, and with the assistance of his disciples soon constructed a small chapel. In the course of time a larger church was built and dedicated, which, with the dedication of
Saint Saviour's, is kept as a festival in the city and Diocese of Saragossaon the 4th of October.
James returned to Jerusalem with some of his disciples where he became a