External video
What "Orwellian" really means - Noah Tavlin, 5:31, TED Ed[1]

"Orwellian" is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society. It denotes an attitude and a brutal policy of draconian control by propaganda, surveillance, misinformation, denial of truth (doublethink), and manipulation of the past, including the "unperson"—a person whose past existence is expunged from the public record and memory, practised by modern repressive governments. Often, this includes the circumstances depicted in his novels, particularly Nineteen Eighty-Four[2] but political doublespeak is criticized throughout his work, such as in Politics and the English Language.[3]

The New York Times said the term was "the most widely used adjective derived from the name of a modern writer".[4][5]

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dansk: Orwellsk
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norsk nynorsk: Orwellsk
русский: Оруэллизм
svenska: Orwellsk
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اردو: آر ویلین