Original six frigates of the United States Navy

  • uss constitution departs.jpg
    uss constitution, the last of the original six frigates of the united states navy still in commission
    class overview
    operators: united states navy
    built: 1794–1800
    in commission: 1797–present
    planned: 6
    completed: 6
    active: 1
    lost: 2
    retired: 3
    general characteristics (constitution, president, united states)
    class and type: 44-gun frigate[1]
    tonnage: 1,576[2]
    displacement: 2,200 tons[2]
    length:
    • 204 ft (62 m) (length overall);
    • 175 ft (53 m) at waterline[1]
    beam: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)[1]
    draft:
    • 21 ft (6.4 m) forward
    • 23 ft (7.0 m) aft[2]
    depth of hold: 14 ft 3 in (4.34 m)[3]
    complement: 450 officers and enlisted, including 55 marines and 30 boys[1]
    general characteristics (congress and constellation)
    class and type: 38-gun frigate[4]
    tonnage: 1,265 tons[4]
    length: 164 ft (50 m) between perpendiculars[4]
    beam: 41 ft (12 m)[4]
    complement: 340 officers and enlisted[4]
    general characteristics (chesapeake)
    class and type: 38-gun frigate[5]
    tonnage: 1,244[5]
    length: 152.8 ft (46.6 m) between perpendiculars[5]
    beam: 41.3 ft (12.6 m)[5]
    draft: 20 ft (6.1 m)[5]
    depth of hold: 13.9 ft (4.2 m)[6]
    complement: 340 officers and enlisted[5]

    the united states congress authorized the original six frigates of the united states navy with the naval act of 1794 on march 27, 1794, at a total cost of $688,888.82. these ships were built during the formative years of the united states navy, on the recommendation of designer joshua humphreys for a fleet of frigates powerful enough to engage any frigates of the french or british navies yet fast enough to evade any ship of the line.

  • purpose
  • design and preparations
  • construction
  • armament
  • frigates
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

USS Constitution Departs.jpg
USS Constitution, the last of the original six frigates of the United States Navy still in commission
Class overview
Operators: United States Navy
Built: 1794–1800
In commission: 1797–present
Planned: 6
Completed: 6
Active: 1
Lost: 2
Retired: 3
General characteristics (Constitution, President, United States)
Class and type: 44-gun frigate[1]
Tonnage: 1,576[2]
Displacement: 2,200 tons[2]
Length:
Beam: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)[1]
Draft:
  • 21 ft (6.4 m) forward
  • 23 ft (7.0 m) aft[2]
Depth of hold: 14 ft 3 in (4.34 m)[3]
Complement: 450 officers and enlisted, including 55 Marines and 30 boys[1]
General characteristics (Congress and Constellation)
Class and type: 38-gun frigate[4]
Tonnage: 1,265 tons[4]
Length: 164 ft (50 m) between perpendiculars[4]
Beam: 41 ft (12 m)[4]
Complement: 340 officers and enlisted[4]
General characteristics (Chesapeake)
Class and type: 38-gun frigate[5]
Tonnage: 1,244[5]
Length: 152.8 ft (46.6 m) between perpendiculars[5]
Beam: 41.3 ft (12.6 m)[5]
Draft: 20 ft (6.1 m)[5]
Depth of hold: 13.9 ft (4.2 m)[6]
Complement: 340 officers and enlisted[5]

The United States Congress authorized the original six frigates of the United States Navy with the Naval Act of 1794 on March 27, 1794, at a total cost of $688,888.82. These ships were built during the formative years of the United States Navy, on the recommendation of designer Joshua Humphreys for a fleet of frigates powerful enough to engage any frigates of the French or British navies yet fast enough to evade any ship of the line.