Organisation of African Unity

Organisation of African Unity

Organisation de l'Unité Africaine
1963–2002
Flag of the Organisation for African Unity
Flag
Emblem of the Organisation for African Unity
Emblem
Organization of African Unity Map.jpg
Capitaln/a a
Secretary-general 
• 1963–1964
Kifle Wodajo
• 1964–1972
Diallo Telli
• 1972–1974
Nzo Ekangaki
• 1974–1978
William Eteki
• 1978–1983
Edem Kodjo
• 1983–1985
Peter Onu
• 1985–1989
Ide Oumarou
• 1989–2001
Salim Ahmed Salim
• 2001–2002
Amara Essy
History 
• Charter
25 May[citation needed] 1963
• Disbanded
9 July 2002
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Casablanca Group
Monrovia Group
African Union
a Headquartered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; French: Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 32 signatory governments.[1] It was disbanded on 9 July 2002 by its last chairperson, South African President Thabo Mbeki, and replaced by the African Union (AU). Some of the key aims of the OAU were to encourage political and economic integration among member states, and to eradicate colonialism and neo-colonialism from the African continent. Although it achieved some success, there were also differences of opinion as to how that was going to be achieved.

History

The OAU was founded in May 1963[2] in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by 32 African states with the main aim of bringing the African nations together and resolve the issues within the continent.[2] Its first ever conference was held on 1st May 1963[3] at Addis Ababa.[3][2] In that conference, the late Gambia historian, and one of the leading Gambian nationalists and Pan-Africanists at the time—Alieu Ebrima Cham Joof delivered a speech in front of the member states—in which he said:

"It is barely 75 years when the European Powers sat round the table in Germany each holding a dagger to carve up Africa for its own benefit.… Your success will inspire and speed up the freedom and total independence of the African continent and eradicate imperialism and colonialism from the continent and eventually neo-colonialism from the globe… Your failure, which no true African in Africa is praying for, will prolong our struggle with bitterness and disappointment. I therefore adjure that you ignore any suggestion outside Africa and holding that the present civilization, which some of the big powered are boasting of, sprang up from Africa, and realising that the entire world has something earthly to learn from Africa, you would endeavour your utmost to come to agreement, save Africa from the clutches of neo-colonialism and resurrect African dignity, manhood and national stability."[3]
Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Organisasi Kesatuan Afrika
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Afrika birligi tashkiloti