Oregon City, Oregon

City of Oregon City
City
The McLoughlin House, est. 1845
The McLoughlin House, est. 1845
Official seal of City of Oregon City
Seal
Nickname(s): End of the Oregon Trail, OC
Motto(s): Urbs civitatis nostrae prima et mater (English: First and mothertown of our state)
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°21′26″N 122°36′26″W / 45°21′26″N 122°36′26″W / 45.35722; -122.60722
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyClackamas
Founded1829
Incorporated1844
Government
 • MayorDan Holladay
Area[1]
 • Total9.29 sq mi (24.06 km2)
 • Land9.05 sq mi (23.44 km2)
 • Water0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation141 ft (42 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total31,859
 • Estimate (2013[3])34,622
 • Density3,520.3/sq mi (1,359.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP code97045
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-55200
GNIS feature ID1136601[4]
Websitewww.orcity.org

Oregon City is the county seat of Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, located on the Willamette River near the southern limits of the Portland metropolitan area. Established in 1829 by the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1844 it became the first U.S. city west of the Rocky Mountains to be incorporated. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 31,859.

History

Beaver Coins
Sketch of $5 & $10 Beaver Coins

Known in recent decades as the site of several large paper mills on the Willamette River, the city played a significant role in the early history of the Oregon Country. It was established by Hudson's Bay Company's Dr. John McLoughlin in 1829 near the confluence of the Clackamas River with the Willamette to take advantage of the power of Willamette Falls to run a lumber mill. During the 1840s and 1850s it was the destination for those wanting to file land claims after traveling the Oregon Trail as the last stop on the trail.[5][6]

It was the capital of the Oregon Territory from its establishment in 1848 until 1851, and rivaled Portland for early supremacy in the area. In 1846, the city's newspaper, the Oregon Spectator, was the first American newspaper to be published west of the Rocky Mountains. Oregon City College was established in 1849 as a Baptist school, but was defunct by the 1870s.[7] Oregon City was the site of the Beaver Coins Mint, producing the short-lived independent Oregon Territory currency in 1849.[8]

The center of the city retains part of its historic character through the preservation of houses and other buildings from the era of the city's founding.

Former Latin archdiocese

The town became the see city of the first Roman Catholic archdiocese in the western United States, when the diocese of Oregon City, established in 1846, was raised to metropolitan rank, with Archbishop François Norbert Blanchet as its ordinary. Its territory included all of the western United States. The population in the area of Oregon City declined due to the California Gold Rush. That of nearby Portland grew, and the headquarters of the archdiocese was moved there in 1926. In 1928 the name Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon replaced the former name. No longer a residential bishopric, Oregon City is now a titular see.[9][10]

Other Languages
العربية: أوريغون سيتي
Bân-lâm-gú: Oregon City (Oregon)
català: Oregon City
Cebuano: Oregon City
čeština: Oregon City
Deutsch: Oregon City
español: Oregón City
Kreyòl ayisyen: Oregon City, Oregon
magyar: Oregon City
Nederlands: Oregon City
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oregon City (Oregon)
polski: Oregon City
português: Oregon City
Simple English: Oregon City
српски / srpski: Орегон Сити
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Oregon City, Oregon
svenska: Oregon City
中文: 俄勒冈城