Order of Santiago
|Order of Santiago|
Orden de Santiago
The Cross of Saint James as used by the Order
|Type||Religious Order of Honour and formerly a |
Ribbon of the order
The Order of Santiago (
After the death of the Grand Master Alfonso de Cárdenas in 1493, the
The first Republic suppressed the Order in 1873 and, although it was re-established in the Restoration, it was reduced to a nobiliary institute of honorable character. It was ruled by a Superior Council dependent on the Ministry of War, which was also extinguished after the proclamation of the second Republic in 1931.
The Order of Santiago, together with the Calatrava, Alcántara and Montesa, was restored as a civil association with the kingship of Juan Carlos I with the character of a nobiliary, honorable, and religious organization that remains as such.
The Order's insignia is a red cross resembling a sword, with the shape of a fleur-de-lis on the hilt and the arms. The knights wore the cross stamped on the royal standard and white cape. The cross of the royal standard had a Mediterranean scallop in the center and another one at the end of each arm.
The three fleurs-de-lis represent the "honor without stain", which is in reference to the moral features of the Apostle's character.
The sword represents the chivalrous character of the apostle St. James and his martyr ways, since he was decapitated with a sword. It can also symbolize taking the sword in the name of
It is said that its shape originated in the era of the