Order of Lenin

Order of Lenin
Order of Lenin badge with ribbon.png
Order of Lenin, Type 4 awarded from 1943 to 1991
Awarded by the  Soviet Union
TypeSingle-grade order
EligibilityCitizens of the Soviet Union; foreigners; institutions, enterprises and collectives
Awarded for
  • outstanding services rendered to the State,
  • exemplary service in the armed forces,
  • promoting friendship and cooperation between peoples and in strengthening peace, and
  • meritorious services to the Soviet state and society
StatusNo longer awarded (the very last award date 1991)
Statistics
EstablishedApril 6, 1930
First awardedMay 23, 1930
Last awardedDecember 21, 1991
Total awarded431,418
Precedence
Next (higher)Hero of the Soviet Union
Next (lower)Order of the October Revolution
Order of Lenin Ribbon Bar.svg
Ribbon of the Order of Lenin

The Order of Lenin (Russian: Орден Ленина, translit. Orden Lenina, pronounced [ˈordʲɪn ˈlʲenʲɪnə]), named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930. The order was the highest civilian decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. The order was awarded to:

  • Civilians for outstanding services rendered to the State
  • Members of the armed forces for exemplary service
  • Those who promoted friendship and cooperation between peoples and in strengthening peace
  • Those with meritorious services to the Soviet state and society[1]

From 1944 to 1957, before the institution of specific length of service medals, the Order of Lenin was also used to reward 25 years of conspicuous military service. Those who were awarded the titles "Hero of the Soviet Union" and "Hero of Socialist Labour" were also given the order as part of the award. It was also bestowed on cities, companies, factories, regions, military units and ships. Corporate entities, various educational institutions and military units who received the said Order applied the full name of the order into their official titles.

Design

The first design of the Order of Lenin was sculpted by Pyotr Tayozhny and Ivan Shadr based on sketches by Ivan Dubasov. It was made by Goznak of silver with some lightly gold-plated features. It was a round badge with a central disc featuring Vladimir Lenin's profile surrounded by smokestacks, a tractor and a building, possibly a power plant. A thin red-enamelled border and a circle of wheat panicles surrounded the disc. At the top was a gold-plated "hammer and sickle" emblem, and at the bottom were the Russian initials for "USSR" (Russian: СССР) in red enamel. Only about 800 of this design were minted. It was awarded between 1930–1932.[2]

The second design was awarded from 1934 until 1936. This was a solid gold badge, featuring an silver plated disc bearing Lenin's portrait. The disc is surrounded by two golden panicles of wheat, and a red flag with "LENIN" in Cyrillic script (Russian: ЛЕНИН). A red star is placed on the left and the "hammer and sickle" emblem at the bottom, both in red enamel.

The third design was awarded from 1936 until 1943. Design was same as previous, but the central disc was gray enamelled and Lenin's portrait was separate piece made of platinum fixed by rivets.

The fourth design was awarded from 1943 until 1991. Design was same as previous, but was worn as a medal suspended from a ribbon (all previous were screwback).

The badge was originally worn by screwback on the left chest without ribbon. Later it was worn as a medal suspended from a red ribbon with pairs of yellow stripes at the edges (see image above). The ribbon bar is of the same design. The portrait of Lenin was originally a riveted silver piece. For a time it was incorporated into a one-piece gold badge, but finally returned as a separate platinum piece until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Orde van Lenin
العربية: وسام لينين
asturianu: Orde de Lenin
azərbaycanca: Lenin ordeni
башҡортса: Ленин ордены
беларуская: Ордэн Леніна
български: Ленин (орден)
català: Orde de Lenin
Чӑвашла: Ленин орденĕ
čeština: Leninův řád
Deutsch: Leninorden
español: Orden de Lenin
Esperanto: Ordeno de Lenin
فارسی: نشان لنین
français: Ordre de Lénine
한국어: 레닌 훈장
hrvatski: Orden Lenjina
Bahasa Indonesia: Ordo Lenin
italiano: Ordine di Lenin
latviešu: Ļeņina ordenis
lietuvių: Lenino ordinas
magyar: Lenin-rend
Bahasa Melayu: Order of Lenin
Nederlands: Leninorde
norsk nynorsk: Leninordenen
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lenin ordeni
polski: Order Lenina
português: Ordem de Lenin
română: Ordinul Lenin
русский: Орден Ленина
саха тыла: Ленин уордьана
Simple English: Order of Lenin
slovenčina: Rad Lenina
slovenščina: Red Lenina
српски / srpski: Орден Лењина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Orden Lenjina
svenska: Leninorden
татарча/tatarça: Ленин ордены
Türkçe: Lenin Nişanı
українська: Орден Леніна
Tiếng Việt: Huân chương Lenin
中文: 列寧勳章