Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
Opuntia littoralis var. vaseyi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia

Many, see text.

  • Airampoa Frič
  • Cactodendron Bigelow (nom. inval.)
  • Cactus Lem.
  • Chaffeyopuntia Frič & Schelle
  • Clavarioidia Kreuz. (nom. inval.)
  • Ficindica St.-Lag.
  • Nopalea Salm-Dyck
  • Parviopuntia Soulaire & Marn.-Lap. (nom. inval.)
  • Phyllarthus Neck. ex M.Gómez (nom. inval.)
  • Pseudotephrocactus Frič
  • Salmiopuntia Frič (nom. inval.)
  • Subulatopuntia Frič & Schelle
  • Tunas Lunell
  • Weberiopuntia Frič

and see text

Opuntia is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.

The most common culinary species is the Indian fig opuntia (O. ficus-indica). Most culinary uses of the term "prickly pear" refer to this species. Prickly pears are also known as tuna (fruit), sabra, nopal (paddle, plural nopales) from the Nahuatl word nōpalli for the pads, or nostle, from the Nahuatl word nōchtli for the fruit; or paddle cactus.

The genus is named for the Ancient Greek city of Opus, where, according to Theophrastus, an edible plant grew which could be propagated by rooting its leaves. [1]


Typical habitus of an Opuntia with fruit

Prickly pears typically grow with flat, rounded cladodes (also called platyclades) armed with two kinds of spines; large, smooth, fixed spines and small, hairlike prickles called glochids, that easily penetrate skin and detach from the plant. The flowers are typically large, axillary, solitary, bisexual, and epiperigynous, with a perianth consisting of distinct, spirally arranged tepals and a hypanthium. The stamens are numerous and in spiral or whorled clusters, and the gynoecium has numerous inferior ovaries per carpel. Placentation is parietal, and the fruit is a berry with arillate seeds. Prickly pear species can vary greatly in habit; most are shrubs, but some, such as Opuntia echios of the Galápagos, are trees.

Other Languages
العربية: صبير
asturianu: Opuntia
Avañe'ẽ: Urumbe
беларуская: Апунцыя
català: Opuntia
Cebuano: Opuntia
čeština: Opuncie
Deutsch: Opuntien
Diné bizaad: Hosh niteelí
Ελληνικά: Οπουντία
español: Opuntia
Esperanto: Opuntio
euskara: Opuntia
français: Opuntia
Հայերեն: Տատասկաթզենի
hornjoserbsce: Opuntija
hrvatski: Opuncija
Ido: Nopalo
Bahasa Indonesia: Opuntia
italiano: Opuntia
Basa Jawa: Opuntia
ქართული: ოპუნცია
қазақша: Опунция
lietuvių: Opuncija
magyar: Fügekaktusz
Nāhuatl: Nohpalli
Nederlands: Opuntia
norsk: Opuntia
پنجابی: چھتر تھور
polski: Opuncja
português: Opuntia
Runa Simi: Sintuq
русский: Опунция
Scots: Opuntia
Simple English: Prickly pear
తెలుగు: నాగజెముడు
Türkçe: Kaynanadili
українська: Опунція
Tiếng Việt: Opuntia
Winaray: Opuntia
中文: 仙人掌属