Oliver Stone

Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Stone at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con
BornWilliam Oliver Stone
(1946-09-15) September 15, 1946 (age 71)
New York City, New York, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Alma materYale University
New York University (BFA)
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, film producer, author
Years active1971–present
Spouse(s)Najwa Sarkis (m. 1971; div. 1977)
Elizabeth Burkit Cox (m. 1981; div. 1993)
Sun-jung Jung (m. 1996)
Children3, including Sean Stone

William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946) is an American writer[1] and filmmaker.[2][3] Stone won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay as writer of Midnight Express (1978). He also wrote the acclaimed gangster movie Scarface (1983). As a director, Stone achieved prominence as director/writer of the war drama Platoon (1986), for which Stone won the Academy Award for Best Director; the film was awarded Best Picture. Platoon was the first in a trilogy of films based on the Vietnam War, in which Stone served as an infantry soldier. He continued the series with Born on the Fourth of July (1989)—for which Stone won his second Best Director Oscar—and Heaven & Earth (1993). Stone's other notable works include the Salvadoran Civil War-based drama Salvador (1986); the financial drama Wall Street (1987) and its 2010 sequel Money Never Sleeps; the Jim Morrison biographical film The Doors (1991); and a trilogy of films based on the American Presidency—JFK (1991), Nixon (1995) and W. (2008). His latest film is Snowden (2016).

Many of Stone's films focus on controversial American political issues during the late 20th century, and as such were considered contentious at the times of their releases. They often combine different camera and film formats within a single scene, as evidenced in JFK, Natural Born Killers, and Nixon.[4]

Early life

William Oliver Stone was born September 15, 1946, in New York City, the son of a French woman named Jacqueline (née Goddet)[5] and Louis Stone (born Louis Silverstein), a stockbroker.[6] He grew up in Manhattan and Stamford, Connecticut. His parents met during World War II, when his father was fighting as a part of the Allied force in France.[7] His American-born father was Jewish, although non-practicing, and his French-born mother was a non-practicing Roman Catholic.[8] Stone was raised in the Episcopal Church,[9][10] and now practices Buddhism.[11]

Stone attended Trinity School in New York City before his parents sent him away to The Hill School, a college-preparatory school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania. His parents were divorced abruptly while he was away at school (1962) and this, because he was an only child, marked him deeply. Stone's mother was often absent and his father made a big impact on his life; father-son relationships were to feature heavily in Stone's films perhaps because of this.[12]

He often spent parts of his summer vacations with his maternal grandparents in France, both in Paris and La Ferté-sous-Jouarre in Seine-et-Marne. Stone also worked at 17 in the Paris mercantile exchange in sugar and cocoa – a job that proved inspirational to Stone for his film Wall Street. He speaks French fluently.[13] Stone graduated from The Hill School in 1964.

Stone was admitted into Yale University, but left in June 1965 at age 18[7][14] to teach high school students English for six months in Saigon at the Free Pacific Institute in South Vietnam.[15] Afterwards, he worked as a wiper on a United States Merchant Marine ship in 1966, traveling to Oregon. He returned to Yale, where he dropped out a second time (in part due to working on an autobiographical novel A Child's Night Dream, published 1997 by St. Martin's Press).[16]

U.S. Army

In April 1967, Stone enlisted in the United States Army and requested combat duty in Vietnam. From September 16, 1967 to April 1968, he served in Vietnam with 2nd Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, 25th Infantry Division and was twice wounded in action.[15] He was then transferred to the First Cavalry Division participating in long range patrols before being transferred again to drive for a motorized infantry unit of the division until November 1968.[17] For his service, his military awards include the Bronze Star with "V" Device for heroism, the Purple Heart with Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster to denote two awards, the Air Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Vietnam Service Medal, the Vietnam Campaign Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oliver Stone
العربية: أوليفر ستون
aragonés: Oliver Stone
asturianu: Oliver Stone
беларуская: Олівер Стоўн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Олівэр Стоўн
български: Оливър Стоун
bosanski: Oliver Stone
català: Oliver Stone
čeština: Oliver Stone
Cymraeg: Oliver Stone
Deutsch: Oliver Stone
Ελληνικά: Όλιβερ Στόουν
español: Oliver Stone
euskara: Oliver Stone
français: Oliver Stone
galego: Oliver Stone
한국어: 올리버 스톤
hrvatski: Oliver Stone
Bahasa Indonesia: Oliver Stone
italiano: Oliver Stone
қазақша: Оливер Стоун
latviešu: Olivers Stouns
magyar: Oliver Stone
Malagasy: Oliver Stone
მარგალური: ოლივერ სტოუნი
Nederlands: Oliver Stone
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਔਲੀਵਰ ਸਟੋਨ
polski: Oliver Stone
português: Oliver Stone
română: Oliver Stone
Runa Simi: Oliver Stone
русский: Стоун, Оливер
Simple English: Oliver Stone
slovenčina: Oliver Stone
српски / srpski: Оливер Стоун
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Oliver Stone
svenska: Oliver Stone
тоҷикӣ: Оливер Стон
Türkçe: Oliver Stone
українська: Олівер Стоун
Tiếng Việt: Oliver Stone
Winaray: Oliver Stone