## Oliver Heaviside |

Oliver Heaviside | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | 3 February 1925 | (aged 74)

Nationality | British |

Known for | |

Awards | ^{[1]} |

Scientific career | |

Fields | |

Institutions | Great Northern Telegraph Company |

**Oliver Heaviside** ^{[1]} (^{[2]}

Heaviside was born in ^{[3]}^{:13} (now Plender Street). He was a short and red-headed child, and suffered from ^{[4]}^{:51}

Heaviside's uncle by marriage was Sir ^{[5]} and in 1867 sent him north to work with his own, older brother Arthur, who was managing one of Wheatstone's telegraph companies in ^{[4]}^{:53}

Two years later he took a job as a telegraph operator with the Danish * Philosophical Magazine* on 'The Best Arrangement of

In 1873 Heaviside had encountered Maxwell's newly published, and later famous, two-volume * Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism*. In his old age Heaviside recalled:

I remember my first look at the great treatise of Maxwell's when I was a young man… I saw that it was great, greater and greatest, with prodigious possibilities in its power… I was determined to master the book and set to work. I was very ignorant. I had no knowledge of mathematical analysis (having learned only school algebra and trigonometry which I had largely forgotten) and thus my work was laid out for me. It took me several years before I could understand as much as I possibly could. Then I set Maxwell aside and followed my own course. And I progressed much more quickly… It will be understood that I preach the gospel according to my interpretation of Maxwell.

^{[8]}

Undertaking research from home, he helped develop * telegrapher's equations*"). Heaviside showed

From 1882 to 1902, except for three years, he contributed regular articles to the trade paper * The Electrician*, which wished to improve its standing, for which he was paid £40 per year. This was hardly enough to live on, but his demands were very small and he was doing what he most wanted to. Between 1883 and 1887 these averaged 2–3 articles per month and these articles later formed the bulk of his

In 1880, Heaviside researched the

Between 1880 and 1887, Heaviside developed the *p* for the ^{[10]} had previously denoted by *D*), giving a method of solving differential equations by direct solution as ^{[11]} On another occasion he asked somewhat more defensively, "Shall I refuse my dinner because I do not fully understand the process of digestion?"^{[12]}

In 1887, Heaviside worked with his brother Arthur on a paper entitled "The Bridge System of Telephony". However the paper was blocked by Arthur's superior, *The Electrician* which brought his long-running series of articles to a halt (until 1891).^{[13]} There was a long history of animosity between Preece and Heaviside. Heaviside considered Preece to be mathematically incompetent, an assessment supported by the biographer ^{[3]}^{: xi–xvii, 162–183}

The importance of Heaviside's work remained undiscovered for some time after publication in *The Electrician*, and so its rights lay in the public domain. In 1897, ^{[14]}

But this setback had the effect of turning Heaviside's attention towards electromagnetic radiation,^{[15]} and in two papers of 1888 and 1889, he calculated the deformations of electric and magnetic fields surrounding a moving charge, as well as the effects of it entering a denser medium. This included a prediction of what is now known as

In 1889, Heaviside first published a correct derivation of the magnetic force on a moving charged particle,^{[16]} which is now called the

In the late 1880s and early 1890s, Heaviside worked on the

In 1891 the British *Philosophical Transactions* of the Society to his vector methods and electromagnetic theory. In 1905 Heaviside was given an honorary doctorate by the

In 1896, FitzGerald and ^{[15]}

In 1902, Heaviside proposed the existence of what is now known as the

In later years his behavior became quite *Electrician* papers to a grocery store, where the editors picked them up.^{[17]} Though he had been an active cyclist in his youth, his health seriously declined in his sixth decade. During this time Heaviside would sign letters with the initials "*W.O.R.M.*" after his name. Heaviside also reportedly started painting his fingernails pink and had granite blocks moved into his house for furniture.^{[3]}^{: xx} In 1922, he became the first recipient of the

On Heaviside's religious views, he was a ^{[18]}

Heaviside died on 3 February 1925, at ^{[19]} and is buried near the eastern corner of ^{[20]} Most of his recognition was gained posthumously.

In July 2014, academics at ^{[21]} in a bid to fully restore the monument through public subscription.^{[22]}^{[23]} The restored memorial was ceremonially unveiled on 30 August 2014 by Alan Heather, a distant relative of Heaviside. The unveiling was attended by the Mayor of Torbay, the ^{[24]}

A collection of Heaviside's notebooks, papers, correspondence, notes and annotated pamphlets on telegraphy is held at the ^{[25]}

Other Languages

العربية: أوليفر هيفسايد

تۆرکجه: الیور هویساید

беларуская: Олівер Хэвісайд

български: Оливър Хевисайд

bosanski: Oliver Heaviside

català: Oliver Heaviside

čeština: Oliver Heaviside

dansk: Oliver Heaviside

Deutsch: Oliver Heaviside

eesti: Oliver Heaviside

español: Oliver Heaviside

Esperanto: Oliver Heaviside

euskara: Oliver Heaviside

فارسی: الیور هویساید

français: Oliver Heaviside

Gaeilge: Oliver Heaviside

한국어: 올리버 헤비사이드

հայերեն: Օլիվեր Հեվիսայդ

hrvatski: Oliver Heaviside

italiano: Oliver Heaviside

עברית: אוליבר הביסייד

ქართული: ოლივერ ჰევისაიდი

Kreyòl ayisyen: Oliver Heaviside

magyar: Oliver Heaviside

македонски: Оливер Хевисајд

Malagasy: Oliver Heaviside

Nederlands: Oliver Heaviside

日本語: オリヴァー・ヘヴィサイド

norsk: Oliver Heaviside

norsk nynorsk: Oliver Heaviside

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਓਲੀਵਰ ਹੈਵੀਸਾਈਡ

پنجابی: اولیور ہیویسائیڈ

Piemontèis: Oliver Heaviside

polski: Oliver Heaviside

português: Oliver Heaviside

română: Oliver Heaviside

русский: Хевисайд, Оливер

Scots: Oliver Heaviside

Simple English: Oliver Heaviside

slovenčina: Oliver Heaviside

slovenščina: Oliver Heaviside

suomi: Oliver Heaviside

svenska: Oliver Heaviside

Tagalog: Oliver Heaviside

தமிழ்: ஆலிவர் ஹெவிசைடு

Türkçe: Oliver Heaviside

українська: Олівер Хевісайд

Tiếng Việt: Oliver Heaviside

中文: 奧利弗·黑維塞